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Longitudinal associations between perceived parent-child relationship quality and depressive symptoms in adolescence.

Branje SJ, Hale WW, Frijns T, Meeus WH - J Abnorm Child Psychol (2010)

Bottom Line: Consistent with a relationship erosion perspective, depressive symptoms negatively predicted perceived relationship quality with parents.Relationship quality to mothers predicted depressive symptoms for boys and girls, but relationship quality to fathers predicted depressive symptoms only for boys.Results thus reveal a pattern of mutual influence between perceived relationship quality and depressive symptoms that is moderated by the interplay among parent and adolescent sex and adolescent personality type.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Research Centre Adolescent Development, Utrecht University, Postbox 80140, 3508TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands. s.branje@uu.nl

ABSTRACT
This longitudinal study examined bidirectional paths between perceived parent-adolescent relationship quality and depressive symptoms, as well as the moderating role of sex, age, and personality type. 1313 Dutch adolescents (51% girls) from two cohorts (923 12-year olds and 390 16-year olds at Wave 1) reported on their personality, depressive symptoms, and perceived relationship quality to parents in four waves. Consistent with a relationship erosion perspective, depressive symptoms negatively predicted perceived relationship quality with parents. Relationship quality to mothers predicted depressive symptoms for boys and girls, but relationship quality to fathers predicted depressive symptoms only for boys. Personality type only moderated initial associations between relationship quality with mothers and depressive symptoms, which were stronger for Overcontrollers and Undercontrollers than for Resilients. Results thus reveal a pattern of mutual influence between perceived relationship quality and depressive symptoms that is moderated by the interplay among parent and adolescent sex and adolescent personality type.

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Estimated growth of extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness for Overcontrollers, Undercontrollers, and Resilients, respectively
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Fig1: Estimated growth of extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness for Overcontrollers, Undercontrollers, and Resilients, respectively

Mentions: The three-class solution had an acceptable entropy of 0.91, and differentiated well between classes with class-probabilities ranging from 91 to 95% (Muthén and Muthén 2000). In the resulting class solution, 464 adolescents (35%) were classified as Overcontrollers, 370 (28%) as Undercontrollers, and 479 (37%) as Resilients. Compared to the other types, Overcontrollers had particularly low levels of extraversion and emotional stability, and Undercontrollers were characterized by low levels of conscientiousness and openness to experience and low levels of agreeableness that increased over time. Resilients scored relatively high on all factors and higher than the other types on extraversion and agreeableness (see Table 1 and Fig. 1). The types manifest themselves in different ways across time and display distinct patterns of normative development. For example, Undercontrollers displayed lower levels of agreeableness in early adolescence, but their agreeableness increased towards the level of Overcontrollers in late adolescence. Similarly, in early adolescence Overcontrollers were already low on extraversion compared to the other types, and as their level of extraversion decreased with age, this difference further increased.Table 1


Longitudinal associations between perceived parent-child relationship quality and depressive symptoms in adolescence.

Branje SJ, Hale WW, Frijns T, Meeus WH - J Abnorm Child Psychol (2010)

Estimated growth of extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness for Overcontrollers, Undercontrollers, and Resilients, respectively
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2902740&req=5

Fig1: Estimated growth of extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness for Overcontrollers, Undercontrollers, and Resilients, respectively
Mentions: The three-class solution had an acceptable entropy of 0.91, and differentiated well between classes with class-probabilities ranging from 91 to 95% (Muthén and Muthén 2000). In the resulting class solution, 464 adolescents (35%) were classified as Overcontrollers, 370 (28%) as Undercontrollers, and 479 (37%) as Resilients. Compared to the other types, Overcontrollers had particularly low levels of extraversion and emotional stability, and Undercontrollers were characterized by low levels of conscientiousness and openness to experience and low levels of agreeableness that increased over time. Resilients scored relatively high on all factors and higher than the other types on extraversion and agreeableness (see Table 1 and Fig. 1). The types manifest themselves in different ways across time and display distinct patterns of normative development. For example, Undercontrollers displayed lower levels of agreeableness in early adolescence, but their agreeableness increased towards the level of Overcontrollers in late adolescence. Similarly, in early adolescence Overcontrollers were already low on extraversion compared to the other types, and as their level of extraversion decreased with age, this difference further increased.Table 1

Bottom Line: Consistent with a relationship erosion perspective, depressive symptoms negatively predicted perceived relationship quality with parents.Relationship quality to mothers predicted depressive symptoms for boys and girls, but relationship quality to fathers predicted depressive symptoms only for boys.Results thus reveal a pattern of mutual influence between perceived relationship quality and depressive symptoms that is moderated by the interplay among parent and adolescent sex and adolescent personality type.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Research Centre Adolescent Development, Utrecht University, Postbox 80140, 3508TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands. s.branje@uu.nl

ABSTRACT
This longitudinal study examined bidirectional paths between perceived parent-adolescent relationship quality and depressive symptoms, as well as the moderating role of sex, age, and personality type. 1313 Dutch adolescents (51% girls) from two cohorts (923 12-year olds and 390 16-year olds at Wave 1) reported on their personality, depressive symptoms, and perceived relationship quality to parents in four waves. Consistent with a relationship erosion perspective, depressive symptoms negatively predicted perceived relationship quality with parents. Relationship quality to mothers predicted depressive symptoms for boys and girls, but relationship quality to fathers predicted depressive symptoms only for boys. Personality type only moderated initial associations between relationship quality with mothers and depressive symptoms, which were stronger for Overcontrollers and Undercontrollers than for Resilients. Results thus reveal a pattern of mutual influence between perceived relationship quality and depressive symptoms that is moderated by the interplay among parent and adolescent sex and adolescent personality type.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus