Limits...
PEEP titration guided by ventilation homogeneity: a feasibility study using electrical impedance tomography.

Zhao Z, Steinmann D, Frerichs I, Guttmann J, Möller K - Crit Care (2010)

Bottom Line: Ventilation distribution was monitored by EIT.No significant differences in the results were observed between the GI index method (12.2 +/- 4.6 mbar) and the dynamic compliance method (11.4 +/- 2.3 mbar, P > 0.6), or between the GI index and the compliance-volume curve method (12.2 +/- 4.9 mbar, P > 0.6).The GI index may provide new insights into the relationship between lung mechanics and tidal volume distribution and may be used to guide ventilator settings.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biomedical Engineering, Furtwangen University, Jakob-Kienzle-Strasse 17, D-78054 Villingen-Schwenningen, Germany. zhanqi.zhao@hs-furtwangen.de

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Lung protective ventilation requires low tidal volume and suitable positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). To date, few methods have been accepted for clinical use to set the appropriate PEEP. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of PEEP titration guided by ventilation homogeneity using the global inhomogeneity (GI) index based on electrical impedance tomography (EIT) images.

Methods: In a retrospective study, 10 anesthetized patients with healthy lungs mechanically ventilated under volume-controlled mode were investigated. Ventilation distribution was monitored by EIT. A standardized incremental PEEP trial (PEEP from 0 to 28 mbar, 2 mbar per step) was conducted. During the PEEP trial, "optimal" PEEP level for each patient was determined when the air was most homogeneously distributed in the lung, indicated by the lowest GI index value. Two published methods for setting PEEP were included for comparison based on the maximum global dynamic compliance and the intra-tidal compliance-volume curve.

Results: No significant differences in the results were observed between the GI index method (12.2 +/- 4.6 mbar) and the dynamic compliance method (11.4 +/- 2.3 mbar, P > 0.6), or between the GI index and the compliance-volume curve method (12.2 +/- 4.9 mbar, P > 0.6).

Conclusions: According to the results, it is feasible and reasonable to use the GI index to select the PEEP level with respect to ventilation homogeneity. The GI index may provide new insights into the relationship between lung mechanics and tidal volume distribution and may be used to guide ventilator settings.

Show MeSH
Dynamic compliance calculated using the least-square-fit method for the same patient as in Figure 1. Dashed-line indicates the optimized positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) level with respect to lung mechanics at 14 mbar where the compliance (C)-pressure curve reaches its maximum. A quasi-plateau phase in the curve is observed where the maximum relative change of compliance for 8 mbar pressure range is only 2% (relative to the maximum compliance value).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2875520&req=5

Figure 3: Dynamic compliance calculated using the least-square-fit method for the same patient as in Figure 1. Dashed-line indicates the optimized positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) level with respect to lung mechanics at 14 mbar where the compliance (C)-pressure curve reaches its maximum. A quasi-plateau phase in the curve is observed where the maximum relative change of compliance for 8 mbar pressure range is only 2% (relative to the maximum compliance value).

Mentions: For comparison in Figure 3, the PEEP level is depicted for the same individual as in Figure 2 when the global dynamic compliance reached its maximum. A quasi-plateau phase in the compliance-pressure curve was found in every patient. In a range of 8 mbar (4 PEEP steps), the maximum relative change of compliance was only 2% (1%; in relation to maximum compliance).


PEEP titration guided by ventilation homogeneity: a feasibility study using electrical impedance tomography.

Zhao Z, Steinmann D, Frerichs I, Guttmann J, Möller K - Crit Care (2010)

Dynamic compliance calculated using the least-square-fit method for the same patient as in Figure 1. Dashed-line indicates the optimized positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) level with respect to lung mechanics at 14 mbar where the compliance (C)-pressure curve reaches its maximum. A quasi-plateau phase in the curve is observed where the maximum relative change of compliance for 8 mbar pressure range is only 2% (relative to the maximum compliance value).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2875520&req=5

Figure 3: Dynamic compliance calculated using the least-square-fit method for the same patient as in Figure 1. Dashed-line indicates the optimized positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) level with respect to lung mechanics at 14 mbar where the compliance (C)-pressure curve reaches its maximum. A quasi-plateau phase in the curve is observed where the maximum relative change of compliance for 8 mbar pressure range is only 2% (relative to the maximum compliance value).
Mentions: For comparison in Figure 3, the PEEP level is depicted for the same individual as in Figure 2 when the global dynamic compliance reached its maximum. A quasi-plateau phase in the compliance-pressure curve was found in every patient. In a range of 8 mbar (4 PEEP steps), the maximum relative change of compliance was only 2% (1%; in relation to maximum compliance).

Bottom Line: Ventilation distribution was monitored by EIT.No significant differences in the results were observed between the GI index method (12.2 +/- 4.6 mbar) and the dynamic compliance method (11.4 +/- 2.3 mbar, P > 0.6), or between the GI index and the compliance-volume curve method (12.2 +/- 4.9 mbar, P > 0.6).The GI index may provide new insights into the relationship between lung mechanics and tidal volume distribution and may be used to guide ventilator settings.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biomedical Engineering, Furtwangen University, Jakob-Kienzle-Strasse 17, D-78054 Villingen-Schwenningen, Germany. zhanqi.zhao@hs-furtwangen.de

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Lung protective ventilation requires low tidal volume and suitable positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). To date, few methods have been accepted for clinical use to set the appropriate PEEP. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of PEEP titration guided by ventilation homogeneity using the global inhomogeneity (GI) index based on electrical impedance tomography (EIT) images.

Methods: In a retrospective study, 10 anesthetized patients with healthy lungs mechanically ventilated under volume-controlled mode were investigated. Ventilation distribution was monitored by EIT. A standardized incremental PEEP trial (PEEP from 0 to 28 mbar, 2 mbar per step) was conducted. During the PEEP trial, "optimal" PEEP level for each patient was determined when the air was most homogeneously distributed in the lung, indicated by the lowest GI index value. Two published methods for setting PEEP were included for comparison based on the maximum global dynamic compliance and the intra-tidal compliance-volume curve.

Results: No significant differences in the results were observed between the GI index method (12.2 +/- 4.6 mbar) and the dynamic compliance method (11.4 +/- 2.3 mbar, P > 0.6), or between the GI index and the compliance-volume curve method (12.2 +/- 4.9 mbar, P > 0.6).

Conclusions: According to the results, it is feasible and reasonable to use the GI index to select the PEEP level with respect to ventilation homogeneity. The GI index may provide new insights into the relationship between lung mechanics and tidal volume distribution and may be used to guide ventilator settings.

Show MeSH