Effect of transglutaminase 2 (TG2) deficiency on atherosclerotic plaque stability in the apolipoprotein E deficient mouse.
Bottom Line: The frequency of buried fibrous caps within brachiocephalic plaques was significantly higher in male than in female mice, but TG2 deficiency had no effect on either gender.The extent of lesion calcification varied markedly between individual mice, but it was not decreased in the apoE/TG2 double-knockout mice.The data further suggest that TG2 does not influence plaque stability or repair in these mice.
Affiliation: Bristol Heart Institute, University of Bristol, Level 7, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol BS2 8HW, UK.Show MeSH
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Mentions: The frequency of buried caps per mouse was significantly greater in males than females (2.21 ± 0.18 vs. 1.66 ± 0.17 respectively, p = 0.021), but there was no effect of TG2 deficiency in either sex. Up to six buried caps were detected in individual double-knockout mice (Fig. 2A). Rare instances of current unhealed ruptures were also observed (Fig. 2B) and occurred at similar frequencies in both groups (apoE/TG2 double-knockouts: 1 observed in 66 mice; apoE single knockouts: 2 observed in 51 mice).
Affiliation: Bristol Heart Institute, University of Bristol, Level 7, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol BS2 8HW, UK.