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Influenza A viral loads in respiratory samples collected from patients infected with pandemic H1N1, seasonal H1N1 and H3N2 viruses.

Ngaosuwankul N, Noisumdaeng P, Komolsiri P, Pooruk P, Chokephaibulkit K, Chotpitayasunondh T, Sangsajja C, Chuchottaworn C, Farrar J, Puthavathana P - Virol. J. (2010)

Bottom Line: However, there is no documented data regarding the type of specimen that yields the best result of viral detection.Copy numbers of M gene were obtained through the extrapolation of Ct values of the test samples against the corresponding standard curve.Based on M gene copy numbers, we conclude that NPA is the best specimen for detection of influenza A viruses, and followed in order by NS and TS.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

ABSTRACT

Background: Nasopharyngeal aspirate (NPA), nasal swab (NS), and throat swab (TS) are common specimens used for diagnosis of respiratory virus infections based on the detection of viral genomes, viral antigens and viral isolation. However, there is no documented data regarding the type of specimen that yields the best result of viral detection. In this study, quantitative real time RT-PCR specific for M gene was used to determine influenza A viral loads present in NS, NPA and TS samples collected from patients infected with the 2009 pandemic H1N1, seasonal H1N1 and H3N2 viruses. Various copy numbers of RNA transcripts derived from recombinant plasmids containing complete M gene insert of each virus strain were assayed by RT-PCR. A standard curve for viral RNA quantification was constructed by plotting each Ct value against the log quantity of each standard RNA copy number.

Results: Copy numbers of M gene were obtained through the extrapolation of Ct values of the test samples against the corresponding standard curve. Among a total of 29 patients with severe influenza enrolled in this study (12 cases of the 2009 pandemic influenza, 5 cases of seasonal H1N1 and 12 cases of seasonal H3N2 virus), NPA was found to contain significantly highest amount of viral loads and followed in order by NS and TS specimen. Viral loads among patients infected with those viruses were comparable regarding type of specimen analyzed.

Conclusion: Based on M gene copy numbers, we conclude that NPA is the best specimen for detection of influenza A viruses, and followed in order by NS and TS.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Alignment of M gene fragment from the pandemic A/H1N1, seasonal A/H1N1 and seasonal A/H3N2 viruses against CDC real time RT-PCR primers and probe sequences. BioEdit Sequence Alignment Editor was used to locate the region of real time RT-PCR primers and probe binding site within M gene of various subtypes of influenza A viruses.
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Figure 2: Alignment of M gene fragment from the pandemic A/H1N1, seasonal A/H1N1 and seasonal A/H3N2 viruses against CDC real time RT-PCR primers and probe sequences. BioEdit Sequence Alignment Editor was used to locate the region of real time RT-PCR primers and probe binding site within M gene of various subtypes of influenza A viruses.

Mentions: Real time RT-PCR protocol was analyzed for its applicability to amplify M genes derived from H1N1, H3N2 and the 2009 pandemic viruses by aligning the primers and probe nucleotide sequences against those M genes of various influenza subtypes and strains using BioEdit Sequence Alignment Editor (Fig. 2, Table 2). The forward and reverse primers bound to those M genes with higher than 90% identity, while the probe bound with 100% identity. This suggested that the CDC primers/probe set can be universally used for detection of M segments or viral loads of the novel influenza A/2009 (H1N1), seasonal H1N1 and seasonal H3N2 viruses.


Influenza A viral loads in respiratory samples collected from patients infected with pandemic H1N1, seasonal H1N1 and H3N2 viruses.

Ngaosuwankul N, Noisumdaeng P, Komolsiri P, Pooruk P, Chokephaibulkit K, Chotpitayasunondh T, Sangsajja C, Chuchottaworn C, Farrar J, Puthavathana P - Virol. J. (2010)

Alignment of M gene fragment from the pandemic A/H1N1, seasonal A/H1N1 and seasonal A/H3N2 viruses against CDC real time RT-PCR primers and probe sequences. BioEdit Sequence Alignment Editor was used to locate the region of real time RT-PCR primers and probe binding site within M gene of various subtypes of influenza A viruses.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2874536&req=5

Figure 2: Alignment of M gene fragment from the pandemic A/H1N1, seasonal A/H1N1 and seasonal A/H3N2 viruses against CDC real time RT-PCR primers and probe sequences. BioEdit Sequence Alignment Editor was used to locate the region of real time RT-PCR primers and probe binding site within M gene of various subtypes of influenza A viruses.
Mentions: Real time RT-PCR protocol was analyzed for its applicability to amplify M genes derived from H1N1, H3N2 and the 2009 pandemic viruses by aligning the primers and probe nucleotide sequences against those M genes of various influenza subtypes and strains using BioEdit Sequence Alignment Editor (Fig. 2, Table 2). The forward and reverse primers bound to those M genes with higher than 90% identity, while the probe bound with 100% identity. This suggested that the CDC primers/probe set can be universally used for detection of M segments or viral loads of the novel influenza A/2009 (H1N1), seasonal H1N1 and seasonal H3N2 viruses.

Bottom Line: However, there is no documented data regarding the type of specimen that yields the best result of viral detection.Copy numbers of M gene were obtained through the extrapolation of Ct values of the test samples against the corresponding standard curve.Based on M gene copy numbers, we conclude that NPA is the best specimen for detection of influenza A viruses, and followed in order by NS and TS.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

ABSTRACT

Background: Nasopharyngeal aspirate (NPA), nasal swab (NS), and throat swab (TS) are common specimens used for diagnosis of respiratory virus infections based on the detection of viral genomes, viral antigens and viral isolation. However, there is no documented data regarding the type of specimen that yields the best result of viral detection. In this study, quantitative real time RT-PCR specific for M gene was used to determine influenza A viral loads present in NS, NPA and TS samples collected from patients infected with the 2009 pandemic H1N1, seasonal H1N1 and H3N2 viruses. Various copy numbers of RNA transcripts derived from recombinant plasmids containing complete M gene insert of each virus strain were assayed by RT-PCR. A standard curve for viral RNA quantification was constructed by plotting each Ct value against the log quantity of each standard RNA copy number.

Results: Copy numbers of M gene were obtained through the extrapolation of Ct values of the test samples against the corresponding standard curve. Among a total of 29 patients with severe influenza enrolled in this study (12 cases of the 2009 pandemic influenza, 5 cases of seasonal H1N1 and 12 cases of seasonal H3N2 virus), NPA was found to contain significantly highest amount of viral loads and followed in order by NS and TS specimen. Viral loads among patients infected with those viruses were comparable regarding type of specimen analyzed.

Conclusion: Based on M gene copy numbers, we conclude that NPA is the best specimen for detection of influenza A viruses, and followed in order by NS and TS.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus