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The negative compatibility effect: A case for self-inhibition.

Schlaghecken F, Rowley L, Sembi S, Simmons R, Whitcomb D - Adv Cogn Psychol (2008)

Bottom Line: In masked priming, a briefly presented prime stimulus is followed by a mask, which in turn is followed by the task-relevant target.This paper presents new findings indicating that the NCE can be obtained under a wider variety of conditions, suggesting that it reflects more general processes in motor control.In addition, evidence is provided suggesting that prime identification levels in forced choice tasks - usually employed to estimate prime visibility in masked prime tasks - are affected by prior experience with the prime (Exp. 1) as well as by direct motor priming (Exp. 2 & 3).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.

ABSTRACT
In masked priming, a briefly presented prime stimulus is followed by a mask, which in turn is followed by the task-relevant target. Under certain conditions, negative compatibility effects (NCNCEs) occur, with impaired performance on compatible trials (where prime and target indicate the same response) relative to incompatible trials (where they indicate opposite responses). However, the exact boundary conditions of NCEs, and hence the functional significance of this effect, are still under discussion. In particular, it has been argued that the NCE might be a stimulus-specific phenomenon of little general interest. This paper presents new findings indicating that the NCE can be obtained under a wider variety of conditions, suggesting that it reflects more general processes in motor control. In addition, evidence is provided suggesting that prime identification levels in forced choice tasks - usually employed to estimate prime visibility in masked prime tasks - are affected by prior experience with the prime (Exp. 1) as well as by direct motor priming (Exp. 2 & 3).

No MeSH data available.


Forced Choice identification performance in Experiment 3.
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Figure 7: Forced Choice identification performance in Experiment 3.

Mentions: As expected, prime identification performancen (Figure 7) increased with increasing prime duration, F(3, 27) = 10.76, MSE = 162.96, p = .001. Importantly, however, identification performance was significantly above chance only for 50- and 67-ms primes, t(9) = 2.77, p = .022, and t(9) = 6.71, p < .001, respectively, but not for 17- and 33-ms primes, both ts < 1.7, both ps > .13. Reaction times were significantly shorter and error rates significantly lower on incompatible trials relative to compatible trials, t(9) = 3.01, p = .015 and t(9) = 2.47, p = .035, respectively (Figure 8).


The negative compatibility effect: A case for self-inhibition.

Schlaghecken F, Rowley L, Sembi S, Simmons R, Whitcomb D - Adv Cogn Psychol (2008)

Forced Choice identification performance in Experiment 3.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2864980&req=5

Figure 7: Forced Choice identification performance in Experiment 3.
Mentions: As expected, prime identification performancen (Figure 7) increased with increasing prime duration, F(3, 27) = 10.76, MSE = 162.96, p = .001. Importantly, however, identification performance was significantly above chance only for 50- and 67-ms primes, t(9) = 2.77, p = .022, and t(9) = 6.71, p < .001, respectively, but not for 17- and 33-ms primes, both ts < 1.7, both ps > .13. Reaction times were significantly shorter and error rates significantly lower on incompatible trials relative to compatible trials, t(9) = 3.01, p = .015 and t(9) = 2.47, p = .035, respectively (Figure 8).

Bottom Line: In masked priming, a briefly presented prime stimulus is followed by a mask, which in turn is followed by the task-relevant target.This paper presents new findings indicating that the NCE can be obtained under a wider variety of conditions, suggesting that it reflects more general processes in motor control.In addition, evidence is provided suggesting that prime identification levels in forced choice tasks - usually employed to estimate prime visibility in masked prime tasks - are affected by prior experience with the prime (Exp. 1) as well as by direct motor priming (Exp. 2 & 3).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.

ABSTRACT
In masked priming, a briefly presented prime stimulus is followed by a mask, which in turn is followed by the task-relevant target. Under certain conditions, negative compatibility effects (NCNCEs) occur, with impaired performance on compatible trials (where prime and target indicate the same response) relative to incompatible trials (where they indicate opposite responses). However, the exact boundary conditions of NCEs, and hence the functional significance of this effect, are still under discussion. In particular, it has been argued that the NCE might be a stimulus-specific phenomenon of little general interest. This paper presents new findings indicating that the NCE can be obtained under a wider variety of conditions, suggesting that it reflects more general processes in motor control. In addition, evidence is provided suggesting that prime identification levels in forced choice tasks - usually employed to estimate prime visibility in masked prime tasks - are affected by prior experience with the prime (Exp. 1) as well as by direct motor priming (Exp. 2 & 3).

No MeSH data available.