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Transcobalamin C776G genotype modifies the association between vitamin B12 and homocysteine in older Hispanics.

Garrod MG, Allen LH, Haan MN, Green R, Miller JW - Eur J Clin Nutr (2010)

Bottom Line: The holoTC/total B12 ratio was lower in the 776GG group compared with the 776CC group (P=0.04).This population of older Latinos has a lower prevalence of the TC 776GG variant than reported for Caucasian populations.It remains to be determined whether the TC C776G polymorphism has a significant effect on the hematological and neurological manifestations of B12 deficiency or on vascular and other morbidities associated with hyperhomocysteinemia.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: USDA, ARS Western Human Nutrition Research Center, Davis, CA 95817, USA.

ABSTRACT

Background/objectives: A common polymorphism, C776G, in the plasma B12 transport protein transcobalamin (TC), encodes for either proline or arginine at codon 259. This polymorphism may affect the affinity of TC for B12 and subsequent delivery of B12 to tissues.

Subjects/methods: TC genotype and its associations with indicators of B12 status, including total B12, holotranscobalamin (holoTC), methylmalonic acid and homocysteine, were evaluated in a cohort of elderly Latinos (N=554, age 60-93 years) from the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging (SALSA).

Results: The distribution of TC genotypes was 41.3% homozygous reference (776CC) and 11.6% homozygous variant (776GG). No differences between the homozygous genotypes were observed in total B12, holoTC, methylmalonic acid or homocysteine. The holoTC/total B12 ratio was lower in the 776GG group compared with the 776CC group (P=0.04). Significant interactions of TC genotype with total B12 (P=0.04) and with holoTC (P< or =0.03) were observed such that mean homocysteine concentrations and the odds ratios for hyperhomocysteinemia (>13 micromol/l) were higher in the 776CC subjects compared with all carriers of the G allele (776CG and 776GG combined) when total B12 (<156 pmol/l) or holoTC (<35 pmol/l) were low.

Conclusions: This population of older Latinos has a lower prevalence of the TC 776GG variant than reported for Caucasian populations. The association between vitamin B12 and homocysteine concentrations is modified by TC 776 genotype. It remains to be determined whether the TC C776G polymorphism has a significant effect on the hematological and neurological manifestations of B12 deficiency or on vascular and other morbidities associated with hyperhomocysteinemia.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Interaction between holotranscobalamin (holoTC) and TC genotype on homocysteine. ANOVA for interaction between TC genotype (grouped as 776 CC and 776CG + 776GG) and holoTC (grouped as < and ≥ 35 pmol/L) was significant (p=0.02). Post-hoc comparisons of group means were made using Scheffe’s test, with controlling for age, sex, red blood cell folate, and creatinine. Bars represent geometric means with 95% confidence intervals.
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Figure 2: Interaction between holotranscobalamin (holoTC) and TC genotype on homocysteine. ANOVA for interaction between TC genotype (grouped as 776 CC and 776CG + 776GG) and holoTC (grouped as < and ≥ 35 pmol/L) was significant (p=0.02). Post-hoc comparisons of group means were made using Scheffe’s test, with controlling for age, sex, red blood cell folate, and creatinine. Bars represent geometric means with 95% confidence intervals.

Mentions: By 2-factor ANOVA, significant interactions between TC genotype and total B12 (p=0.04) and between TC genotype and holoTC (p=0.02) on homocysteine were observed. Subsequent analyses for subjects divided by low and high total B12 (< or ≥156 pmol/L) revealed that homocysteine was higher in the 776CC group compared with the combined 776CG/776GG group for those subjects with low total B12, though the difference did not reach statistical significance (p=0.08). No difference was observed in homocysteine between the genotype groups for subjects with high total B12 (Figure 1). For subjects divided by low and high holoTC (< or ≥35 pmol/L), homocysteine was significantly higher in the 776CC group compared with the combined 776CG/776GG group for those subjects with low holoTC (p=0.02), while no difference was observed between the genotype groups for subjects with high holoTC (Figure 2). No significant interactive effects were observed between TC genotype and either total B12 or holoTC on methylmalonic acid concentrations (data not shown).


Transcobalamin C776G genotype modifies the association between vitamin B12 and homocysteine in older Hispanics.

Garrod MG, Allen LH, Haan MN, Green R, Miller JW - Eur J Clin Nutr (2010)

Interaction between holotranscobalamin (holoTC) and TC genotype on homocysteine. ANOVA for interaction between TC genotype (grouped as 776 CC and 776CG + 776GG) and holoTC (grouped as < and ≥ 35 pmol/L) was significant (p=0.02). Post-hoc comparisons of group means were made using Scheffe’s test, with controlling for age, sex, red blood cell folate, and creatinine. Bars represent geometric means with 95% confidence intervals.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2864787&req=5

Figure 2: Interaction between holotranscobalamin (holoTC) and TC genotype on homocysteine. ANOVA for interaction between TC genotype (grouped as 776 CC and 776CG + 776GG) and holoTC (grouped as < and ≥ 35 pmol/L) was significant (p=0.02). Post-hoc comparisons of group means were made using Scheffe’s test, with controlling for age, sex, red blood cell folate, and creatinine. Bars represent geometric means with 95% confidence intervals.
Mentions: By 2-factor ANOVA, significant interactions between TC genotype and total B12 (p=0.04) and between TC genotype and holoTC (p=0.02) on homocysteine were observed. Subsequent analyses for subjects divided by low and high total B12 (< or ≥156 pmol/L) revealed that homocysteine was higher in the 776CC group compared with the combined 776CG/776GG group for those subjects with low total B12, though the difference did not reach statistical significance (p=0.08). No difference was observed in homocysteine between the genotype groups for subjects with high total B12 (Figure 1). For subjects divided by low and high holoTC (< or ≥35 pmol/L), homocysteine was significantly higher in the 776CC group compared with the combined 776CG/776GG group for those subjects with low holoTC (p=0.02), while no difference was observed between the genotype groups for subjects with high holoTC (Figure 2). No significant interactive effects were observed between TC genotype and either total B12 or holoTC on methylmalonic acid concentrations (data not shown).

Bottom Line: The holoTC/total B12 ratio was lower in the 776GG group compared with the 776CC group (P=0.04).This population of older Latinos has a lower prevalence of the TC 776GG variant than reported for Caucasian populations.It remains to be determined whether the TC C776G polymorphism has a significant effect on the hematological and neurological manifestations of B12 deficiency or on vascular and other morbidities associated with hyperhomocysteinemia.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: USDA, ARS Western Human Nutrition Research Center, Davis, CA 95817, USA.

ABSTRACT

Background/objectives: A common polymorphism, C776G, in the plasma B12 transport protein transcobalamin (TC), encodes for either proline or arginine at codon 259. This polymorphism may affect the affinity of TC for B12 and subsequent delivery of B12 to tissues.

Subjects/methods: TC genotype and its associations with indicators of B12 status, including total B12, holotranscobalamin (holoTC), methylmalonic acid and homocysteine, were evaluated in a cohort of elderly Latinos (N=554, age 60-93 years) from the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging (SALSA).

Results: The distribution of TC genotypes was 41.3% homozygous reference (776CC) and 11.6% homozygous variant (776GG). No differences between the homozygous genotypes were observed in total B12, holoTC, methylmalonic acid or homocysteine. The holoTC/total B12 ratio was lower in the 776GG group compared with the 776CC group (P=0.04). Significant interactions of TC genotype with total B12 (P=0.04) and with holoTC (P< or =0.03) were observed such that mean homocysteine concentrations and the odds ratios for hyperhomocysteinemia (>13 micromol/l) were higher in the 776CC subjects compared with all carriers of the G allele (776CG and 776GG combined) when total B12 (<156 pmol/l) or holoTC (<35 pmol/l) were low.

Conclusions: This population of older Latinos has a lower prevalence of the TC 776GG variant than reported for Caucasian populations. The association between vitamin B12 and homocysteine concentrations is modified by TC 776 genotype. It remains to be determined whether the TC C776G polymorphism has a significant effect on the hematological and neurological manifestations of B12 deficiency or on vascular and other morbidities associated with hyperhomocysteinemia.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus