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The HP0256 gene product is involved in motility and cell envelope architecture of Helicobacter pylori.

Douillard FP, Ryan KA, Lane MC, Caly DL, Moore SA, Penn CW, Hinds J, O'Toole PW - BMC Microbiol. (2010)

Bottom Line: Ablation of the HP0256 gene in H. pylori significantly reduced motility.Consistent with the array data, lack of the HP0256 gene significantly reduced adhesion and the inflammatory response in host cells.We conclude that HP0256 is not a functional counterpart of FliJ in H. pylori.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Microbiology & Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Ireland.

ABSTRACT

Background: Helicobacter pylori is the causative agent for gastritis, and peptic and duodenal ulcers. The bacterium displays 5-6 polar sheathed flagella that are essential for colonisation and persistence in the gastric mucosa. The biochemistry and genetics of flagellar biogenesis in H. pylori has not been fully elucidated. Bioinformatics analysis suggested that the gene HP0256, annotated as hypothetical, was a FliJ homologue. In Salmonella, FliJ is a chaperone escort protein for FlgN and FliT, two proteins that themselves display chaperone activity for components of the hook, the rod and the filament.

Results: Ablation of the HP0256 gene in H. pylori significantly reduced motility. However, flagellin and hook protein synthesis was not affected in the HP0256 mutant. Transmission electron transmission microscopy revealed that the HP0256 mutant cells displayed a normal flagellum configuration, suggesting that HP0256 was not essential for assembly and polar localisation of the flagella in the cell. Interestingly, whole genome microarrays of an HP0256 mutant revealed transcriptional changes in a number of genes associated with the flagellar regulon and the cell envelope, such as outer membrane proteins and adhesins. Consistent with the array data, lack of the HP0256 gene significantly reduced adhesion and the inflammatory response in host cells.

Conclusions: We conclude that HP0256 is not a functional counterpart of FliJ in H. pylori. However, it is required for full motility and it is involved, possibly indirectly, in expression of outer membrane proteins and adhesins involved in pathogenesis and adhesion.

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The HP0256 mutant has lower adhesion ability compared to the wild-type and significantly induces a weaker IL-8 secretion in AGS cells. Panel A shows that the HP0256 mutant adheres significantly less to the AGS host cells compared to the wild-type. Panel B shows that the HP0256 mutant induces a lower IL-8 secretion of AGS cells compared to the wild-type cells. (*) indicates results with a p-value of less than 0.05.
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Figure 7: The HP0256 mutant has lower adhesion ability compared to the wild-type and significantly induces a weaker IL-8 secretion in AGS cells. Panel A shows that the HP0256 mutant adheres significantly less to the AGS host cells compared to the wild-type. Panel B shows that the HP0256 mutant induces a lower IL-8 secretion of AGS cells compared to the wild-type cells. (*) indicates results with a p-value of less than 0.05.

Mentions: The microarray data indicated altered expression of a number of genes encoding proteins associated with the cell envelope in the HP0256 mutant. The genes encoding the well-characterized adhesins BabA and BabB which bind to fucosylated Lewis antigens on human gastric cells were up-regulated in the HP0256 mutant. To investigate a potential role of HP0256 in pathogenesis and adhesion, we measured adhesion of HP0256 mutant cells to gastric epithelial cells, and also interleukin-8 (IL-8) secretion by gastric epithelial cells using an in vitro infection model. Adhesion of the HP0256 mutant to AGS cells was significantly reduced to 45% of that of the wild-type (p < 0.05) (Figure 7). Supernatants from that assay were also used to quantify IL-8 production by AGS cells. CCUG17874 induced an average of 2434 pg/ml of IL-8 from AGS cells compared to 1944 pg/ml by the HP0256 mutant (Figure 7). This is a statistically significant decrease of 20% (p < 0.02).


The HP0256 gene product is involved in motility and cell envelope architecture of Helicobacter pylori.

Douillard FP, Ryan KA, Lane MC, Caly DL, Moore SA, Penn CW, Hinds J, O'Toole PW - BMC Microbiol. (2010)

The HP0256 mutant has lower adhesion ability compared to the wild-type and significantly induces a weaker IL-8 secretion in AGS cells. Panel A shows that the HP0256 mutant adheres significantly less to the AGS host cells compared to the wild-type. Panel B shows that the HP0256 mutant induces a lower IL-8 secretion of AGS cells compared to the wild-type cells. (*) indicates results with a p-value of less than 0.05.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2864241&req=5

Figure 7: The HP0256 mutant has lower adhesion ability compared to the wild-type and significantly induces a weaker IL-8 secretion in AGS cells. Panel A shows that the HP0256 mutant adheres significantly less to the AGS host cells compared to the wild-type. Panel B shows that the HP0256 mutant induces a lower IL-8 secretion of AGS cells compared to the wild-type cells. (*) indicates results with a p-value of less than 0.05.
Mentions: The microarray data indicated altered expression of a number of genes encoding proteins associated with the cell envelope in the HP0256 mutant. The genes encoding the well-characterized adhesins BabA and BabB which bind to fucosylated Lewis antigens on human gastric cells were up-regulated in the HP0256 mutant. To investigate a potential role of HP0256 in pathogenesis and adhesion, we measured adhesion of HP0256 mutant cells to gastric epithelial cells, and also interleukin-8 (IL-8) secretion by gastric epithelial cells using an in vitro infection model. Adhesion of the HP0256 mutant to AGS cells was significantly reduced to 45% of that of the wild-type (p < 0.05) (Figure 7). Supernatants from that assay were also used to quantify IL-8 production by AGS cells. CCUG17874 induced an average of 2434 pg/ml of IL-8 from AGS cells compared to 1944 pg/ml by the HP0256 mutant (Figure 7). This is a statistically significant decrease of 20% (p < 0.02).

Bottom Line: Ablation of the HP0256 gene in H. pylori significantly reduced motility.Consistent with the array data, lack of the HP0256 gene significantly reduced adhesion and the inflammatory response in host cells.We conclude that HP0256 is not a functional counterpart of FliJ in H. pylori.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Microbiology & Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Ireland.

ABSTRACT

Background: Helicobacter pylori is the causative agent for gastritis, and peptic and duodenal ulcers. The bacterium displays 5-6 polar sheathed flagella that are essential for colonisation and persistence in the gastric mucosa. The biochemistry and genetics of flagellar biogenesis in H. pylori has not been fully elucidated. Bioinformatics analysis suggested that the gene HP0256, annotated as hypothetical, was a FliJ homologue. In Salmonella, FliJ is a chaperone escort protein for FlgN and FliT, two proteins that themselves display chaperone activity for components of the hook, the rod and the filament.

Results: Ablation of the HP0256 gene in H. pylori significantly reduced motility. However, flagellin and hook protein synthesis was not affected in the HP0256 mutant. Transmission electron transmission microscopy revealed that the HP0256 mutant cells displayed a normal flagellum configuration, suggesting that HP0256 was not essential for assembly and polar localisation of the flagella in the cell. Interestingly, whole genome microarrays of an HP0256 mutant revealed transcriptional changes in a number of genes associated with the flagellar regulon and the cell envelope, such as outer membrane proteins and adhesins. Consistent with the array data, lack of the HP0256 gene significantly reduced adhesion and the inflammatory response in host cells.

Conclusions: We conclude that HP0256 is not a functional counterpart of FliJ in H. pylori. However, it is required for full motility and it is involved, possibly indirectly, in expression of outer membrane proteins and adhesins involved in pathogenesis and adhesion.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus