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Peripheral and gastrointestinal immune systems of healthy cattle raised outdoors at pasture or indoors on a concentrate-based ration.

Lejeune A, Monahan FJ, Moloney AP, Earley B, Black AD, Campion DP, Englishby T, Reilly P, O'Doherty J, Sweeney T - BMC Vet. Res. (2010)

Bottom Line: Despite an increasing preference of consumers for beef produced from more extensive pasture-based production systems and potential human health benefits from the consumption of such beef, data regarding the health status of animals raised on pasture are limited.Lower levels of copper and iodine were measured in the outdoor animals in comparison to indoor animals (P < 0.001).Despite distinctly contrasting production systems, only subtle differences were identified in the peripheral immune parameters measured between cattle raised at pasture in comparison to animals raised on a conventional intensive indoor concentrate-based production system.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: UCD School of Agriculture, Food Science and Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland. lej.alexandre@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Background: Despite an increasing preference of consumers for beef produced from more extensive pasture-based production systems and potential human health benefits from the consumption of such beef, data regarding the health status of animals raised on pasture are limited. The objective of this study was to characterise specific aspects of the bovine peripheral and the gastrointestinal muscosal immune systems of cattle raised on an outdoor pasture system in comparison to animals raised on a conventional intensive indoor concentrate-based system.

Results: A number of in vitro functional tests of immune cells suggested subtle differences between the animals on the outdoor versus indoor production systems. There was a decrease in the number of neutrophils and monocytes engaged in phagocytosis in outdoor cattle (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively) in comparison to those indoors. Following mitogen stimulation, a lower level of interferon-gamma was produced in leukocytes from the outdoor animals (P < 0.05). There was evidence of a gastrointestinal nematode infection in the outdoor animals with elevated levels of serum pepsinogen (P < 0.001), a higher number of eosinophils (P < 0.05) and a higher level of interleukin-4 and stem cell factor mRNA expression (P < 0.05) in the outdoor animals in comparison to the indoor animals. Lower levels of copper and iodine were measured in the outdoor animals in comparison to indoor animals (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: Despite distinctly contrasting production systems, only subtle differences were identified in the peripheral immune parameters measured between cattle raised at pasture in comparison to animals raised on a conventional intensive indoor concentrate-based production system.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Con A induced in vitro IFN-γ production from cultured leukocytes. Con A induced in vitro IFN-γ production from cultured leukocytes from indoor (shaded bars) and outdoor (clear bars) cattle during summer and winter. Values are depicted as mean ± SEM. P values for the treatment, season and treatment × season effects were 0.011, 0.023, 0.382, respectively.
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Figure 2: Con A induced in vitro IFN-γ production from cultured leukocytes. Con A induced in vitro IFN-γ production from cultured leukocytes from indoor (shaded bars) and outdoor (clear bars) cattle during summer and winter. Values are depicted as mean ± SEM. P values for the treatment, season and treatment × season effects were 0.011, 0.023, 0.382, respectively.

Mentions: Following stimulation with Con A, leukocytes cultured from outdoor animals produced a lower amount of IFNγ compared with those cultured from indoor animals at both summer and winter sampling points (P < 0.05, Figure 2). A season effect was also observed between summer and winter with a higher level of IFNγ production in both groups in winter (P < 0.05).


Peripheral and gastrointestinal immune systems of healthy cattle raised outdoors at pasture or indoors on a concentrate-based ration.

Lejeune A, Monahan FJ, Moloney AP, Earley B, Black AD, Campion DP, Englishby T, Reilly P, O'Doherty J, Sweeney T - BMC Vet. Res. (2010)

Con A induced in vitro IFN-γ production from cultured leukocytes. Con A induced in vitro IFN-γ production from cultured leukocytes from indoor (shaded bars) and outdoor (clear bars) cattle during summer and winter. Values are depicted as mean ± SEM. P values for the treatment, season and treatment × season effects were 0.011, 0.023, 0.382, respectively.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2864234&req=5

Figure 2: Con A induced in vitro IFN-γ production from cultured leukocytes. Con A induced in vitro IFN-γ production from cultured leukocytes from indoor (shaded bars) and outdoor (clear bars) cattle during summer and winter. Values are depicted as mean ± SEM. P values for the treatment, season and treatment × season effects were 0.011, 0.023, 0.382, respectively.
Mentions: Following stimulation with Con A, leukocytes cultured from outdoor animals produced a lower amount of IFNγ compared with those cultured from indoor animals at both summer and winter sampling points (P < 0.05, Figure 2). A season effect was also observed between summer and winter with a higher level of IFNγ production in both groups in winter (P < 0.05).

Bottom Line: Despite an increasing preference of consumers for beef produced from more extensive pasture-based production systems and potential human health benefits from the consumption of such beef, data regarding the health status of animals raised on pasture are limited.Lower levels of copper and iodine were measured in the outdoor animals in comparison to indoor animals (P < 0.001).Despite distinctly contrasting production systems, only subtle differences were identified in the peripheral immune parameters measured between cattle raised at pasture in comparison to animals raised on a conventional intensive indoor concentrate-based production system.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: UCD School of Agriculture, Food Science and Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland. lej.alexandre@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Background: Despite an increasing preference of consumers for beef produced from more extensive pasture-based production systems and potential human health benefits from the consumption of such beef, data regarding the health status of animals raised on pasture are limited. The objective of this study was to characterise specific aspects of the bovine peripheral and the gastrointestinal muscosal immune systems of cattle raised on an outdoor pasture system in comparison to animals raised on a conventional intensive indoor concentrate-based system.

Results: A number of in vitro functional tests of immune cells suggested subtle differences between the animals on the outdoor versus indoor production systems. There was a decrease in the number of neutrophils and monocytes engaged in phagocytosis in outdoor cattle (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively) in comparison to those indoors. Following mitogen stimulation, a lower level of interferon-gamma was produced in leukocytes from the outdoor animals (P < 0.05). There was evidence of a gastrointestinal nematode infection in the outdoor animals with elevated levels of serum pepsinogen (P < 0.001), a higher number of eosinophils (P < 0.05) and a higher level of interleukin-4 and stem cell factor mRNA expression (P < 0.05) in the outdoor animals in comparison to the indoor animals. Lower levels of copper and iodine were measured in the outdoor animals in comparison to indoor animals (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: Despite distinctly contrasting production systems, only subtle differences were identified in the peripheral immune parameters measured between cattle raised at pasture in comparison to animals raised on a conventional intensive indoor concentrate-based production system.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus