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Cow's milk protein allergy in children: a practical guide.

Caffarelli C, Baldi F, Bendandi B, Calzone L, Marani M, Pasquinelli P, EWGP - Ital J Pediatr (2010)

Bottom Line: This guide is the result of a consensus reached in the following areas.An overview of acceptable means for diagnosis is included.According to symptoms and infant diet, three different algorithms for diagnosis and follow-up have been suggested.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Dipartimento dell'Età Evolutiva, Clinica Pediatrica Università di Parma, Parma, Italy. carlo.caffarelli@unipr.it

ABSTRACT
A joint study group on cow's milk allergy was convened by the Emilia-Romagna Working Group for Paediatric Allergy and by the Emilia-Romagna Working Group for Paediatric Gastroenterology to focus best practice for diagnosis, management and follow-up of cow's milk allergy in children and to offer a common approach for allergologists, gastroenterologists, general paediatricians and primary care physicians.The report prepared by the study group was discussed by members of Working Groups who met three times in Italy. This guide is the result of a consensus reached in the following areas. Cow's milk allergy should be suspected in children who have immediate symptoms such as acute urticaria/angioedema, wheezing, rhinitis, dry cough, vomiting, laryngeal edema, acute asthma with severe respiratory distress, anaphylaxis. Late reactions due to cow's milk allergy are atopic dermatitis, chronic diarrhoea, blood in the stools, iron deficiency anaemia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, constipation, chronic vomiting, colic, poor growth (food refusal), enterocolitis syndrome, protein-losing enteropathy with hypoalbuminemia, eosinophilic oesophagogastroenteropathy. An overview of acceptable means for diagnosis is included. According to symptoms and infant diet, three different algorithms for diagnosis and follow-up have been suggested.

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Algorithm for children < 1 year fed with cow's milk formula and mild-moderate symptoms.
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Figure 2: Algorithm for children < 1 year fed with cow's milk formula and mild-moderate symptoms.

Mentions: Mammalian milks are not nutritionally adequate. Goat's milk commonly provokes clinical reactions in more than 90% of children with CMPA [23], donkey's milk in about 15% [24,25] and has a high cost.


Cow's milk protein allergy in children: a practical guide.

Caffarelli C, Baldi F, Bendandi B, Calzone L, Marani M, Pasquinelli P, EWGP - Ital J Pediatr (2010)

Algorithm for children < 1 year fed with cow's milk formula and mild-moderate symptoms.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2823764&req=5

Figure 2: Algorithm for children < 1 year fed with cow's milk formula and mild-moderate symptoms.
Mentions: Mammalian milks are not nutritionally adequate. Goat's milk commonly provokes clinical reactions in more than 90% of children with CMPA [23], donkey's milk in about 15% [24,25] and has a high cost.

Bottom Line: This guide is the result of a consensus reached in the following areas.An overview of acceptable means for diagnosis is included.According to symptoms and infant diet, three different algorithms for diagnosis and follow-up have been suggested.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Dipartimento dell'Età Evolutiva, Clinica Pediatrica Università di Parma, Parma, Italy. carlo.caffarelli@unipr.it

ABSTRACT
A joint study group on cow's milk allergy was convened by the Emilia-Romagna Working Group for Paediatric Allergy and by the Emilia-Romagna Working Group for Paediatric Gastroenterology to focus best practice for diagnosis, management and follow-up of cow's milk allergy in children and to offer a common approach for allergologists, gastroenterologists, general paediatricians and primary care physicians.The report prepared by the study group was discussed by members of Working Groups who met three times in Italy. This guide is the result of a consensus reached in the following areas. Cow's milk allergy should be suspected in children who have immediate symptoms such as acute urticaria/angioedema, wheezing, rhinitis, dry cough, vomiting, laryngeal edema, acute asthma with severe respiratory distress, anaphylaxis. Late reactions due to cow's milk allergy are atopic dermatitis, chronic diarrhoea, blood in the stools, iron deficiency anaemia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, constipation, chronic vomiting, colic, poor growth (food refusal), enterocolitis syndrome, protein-losing enteropathy with hypoalbuminemia, eosinophilic oesophagogastroenteropathy. An overview of acceptable means for diagnosis is included. According to symptoms and infant diet, three different algorithms for diagnosis and follow-up have been suggested.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus