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A study of sputum conversion in new smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis cases at the monthly intervals of 1, 2 & 3 month under directly observed treatment, short course (dots) regimen.

Bawri S, Ali S, Phukan C, Tayal B, Baruwa P - Lung India (2008)

Bottom Line: In the present study, the infectivity decreases from the baseline with significant P value for sputum conversion of 3+, 2+ and 1+ sputum positivity.Directly Observed Treatment is an effective intervention for improving adherence to tuberculosis treatment programme in a resource-poor country.More Prospective studies on larger number of patients are necessary to sub-stantiate our findings in this study.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Post Graduate, Deptt. of Medicine, Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati, Assam.

ABSTRACT

Aims and objectives: To determine sputum conversion rate at monthly intervals of 1st, 2nd and 3rd month in new smear positive cases (cat-1) under treatment under RNTCP.

Material and methods: The study was conducted at DOTS Center, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital; Guwahati between July 2005 to June 2006.The study is a prospective study and consists of 100 cases of new smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis cases (category 1) irrespective of age and sex.

Results and observations: The age & sex distribution of 100 patients showed that majority of the patients (74%) belonged to 2nd, 3rd and 4th decades & 75% were males and 25% were female with male to female ratio 3:1 respectively. The chest x-ray of 100 Smear Positive patients shows that only 60 (60%) patients had x-ray evidence of pulmonary Koch. In the present study, sputum conversion i.e. from smear positive to smear negative at the end of the 1st month is 71%, at the end of 2nd month is 84% and at the end of 3rd month is 92%. SUMMARY #ENTITYSTARTX00026;

Conclusion: In conclusion, the overall sputum conversion rate under Directly Observed Treatment, Short Course (DOTS) chemotherapy in 100 sputum smear positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis in DOTS centre, Gauhati Medical College & Hospital was 92%.The chest x-ray evidence of pulmonary Koch in 100 patients is 60%.The sputum conversion at the end of 1st month is 71%, at the end of 2nd month it is 84% and at the end of 3rd month the same is 92%. In the present study, the infectivity decreases from the baseline with significant P value for sputum conversion of 3+, 2+ and 1+ sputum positivity. Directly Observed Treatment is an effective intervention for improving adherence to tuberculosis treatment programme in a resource-poor country. A significant decrease in conversion rate was observed with the initial high grade smear positive cases. More Prospective studies on larger number of patients are necessary to sub-stantiate our findings in this study.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Bar diagram showing sputum positivity at baseline, at the end of 1st, 2nd & 3rd month.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Figure 0001: Bar diagram showing sputum positivity at baseline, at the end of 1st, 2nd & 3rd month.

Mentions: Paired sample test result of sputum conversion of 3+, 2+, 1+ and scanty sputum positivity from baseline and at the end of 1st, 2nd and 3rd month: (Data Shown In Table 2, 3 & 4 & Fig 1).


A study of sputum conversion in new smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis cases at the monthly intervals of 1, 2 & 3 month under directly observed treatment, short course (dots) regimen.

Bawri S, Ali S, Phukan C, Tayal B, Baruwa P - Lung India (2008)

Bar diagram showing sputum positivity at baseline, at the end of 1st, 2nd & 3rd month.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2822329&req=5

Figure 0001: Bar diagram showing sputum positivity at baseline, at the end of 1st, 2nd & 3rd month.
Mentions: Paired sample test result of sputum conversion of 3+, 2+, 1+ and scanty sputum positivity from baseline and at the end of 1st, 2nd and 3rd month: (Data Shown In Table 2, 3 & 4 & Fig 1).

Bottom Line: In the present study, the infectivity decreases from the baseline with significant P value for sputum conversion of 3+, 2+ and 1+ sputum positivity.Directly Observed Treatment is an effective intervention for improving adherence to tuberculosis treatment programme in a resource-poor country.More Prospective studies on larger number of patients are necessary to sub-stantiate our findings in this study.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Post Graduate, Deptt. of Medicine, Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati, Assam.

ABSTRACT

Aims and objectives: To determine sputum conversion rate at monthly intervals of 1st, 2nd and 3rd month in new smear positive cases (cat-1) under treatment under RNTCP.

Material and methods: The study was conducted at DOTS Center, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital; Guwahati between July 2005 to June 2006.The study is a prospective study and consists of 100 cases of new smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis cases (category 1) irrespective of age and sex.

Results and observations: The age & sex distribution of 100 patients showed that majority of the patients (74%) belonged to 2nd, 3rd and 4th decades & 75% were males and 25% were female with male to female ratio 3:1 respectively. The chest x-ray of 100 Smear Positive patients shows that only 60 (60%) patients had x-ray evidence of pulmonary Koch. In the present study, sputum conversion i.e. from smear positive to smear negative at the end of the 1st month is 71%, at the end of 2nd month is 84% and at the end of 3rd month is 92%. SUMMARY #ENTITYSTARTX00026;

Conclusion: In conclusion, the overall sputum conversion rate under Directly Observed Treatment, Short Course (DOTS) chemotherapy in 100 sputum smear positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis in DOTS centre, Gauhati Medical College & Hospital was 92%.The chest x-ray evidence of pulmonary Koch in 100 patients is 60%.The sputum conversion at the end of 1st month is 71%, at the end of 2nd month it is 84% and at the end of 3rd month the same is 92%. In the present study, the infectivity decreases from the baseline with significant P value for sputum conversion of 3+, 2+ and 1+ sputum positivity. Directly Observed Treatment is an effective intervention for improving adherence to tuberculosis treatment programme in a resource-poor country. A significant decrease in conversion rate was observed with the initial high grade smear positive cases. More Prospective studies on larger number of patients are necessary to sub-stantiate our findings in this study.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus