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Assessing the knowledge, attitudes and practice of type 2 diabetes among patients of Saurashtra region, Gujarat.

Shah VN, Kamdar PK, Shah N - Int J Diabetes Dev Ctries (2009)

Bottom Line: An encouraging finding in our study was that most believed in self-care and ready to change.Consultation time given by their treating doctors was less than 5 minutes in nearly 50%.Foot care and education to prevent complications were least suggested by doctors.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Govt. Medical College, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India.

ABSTRACT
As India will ranks first in diabetes now and will continue to do so in 2025, we must prevent the disease by various measures. Before setting the programmes, we should have ample data on the population's knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of diabetes. There are some epidemiological studies from southern India, Mumbai and north India, but there is no KAP study from Gujarat. The study was conducted between the period of June 2007 to November 2007 at three centers of Saurashtra region. Out of 300 patients who were given questionnaire, 238 patients were included for the analysis, rest were excluded due to various reasons. 52% were male. Mean age of patients was 55.82+/-10.2 years (95% CI 54.5-57.1) with mean weight of 64.52+/-10.96 Kg (95% CI 62.8-66.2). Mean duration of diabetes was 8.2+/-6.8 years (95% CI 7.2-9.1). 46% of patients knew the pathophysiology of diabetes. Nearly 50% knew the complications of diabetes. Dietary modifications were relied more than exercises among the interviewed subjects. Most of the lacunae in knowledge prevailed in drug therapy of diabetes. Insulin was not favored by most of patients. An encouraging finding in our study was that most believed in self-care and ready to change. Consultation time given by their treating doctors was less than 5 minutes in nearly 50%. Foot care and education to prevent complications were least suggested by doctors.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Frequency distribution of knowledge regarding complications of diabetes
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Figure 0001: Frequency distribution of knowledge regarding complications of diabetes

Mentions: Despite 8 years of average duration of diabetes, about 46% of patients knew the pathophysiology of diabetes. Fewer (38.23%) still believed that diabetes can be cured. Many other aspects are covered in Table 3. Among the knowledge of complications of diabetes, renal complication was least known to patients. Most were afraid of heart related complications. Details of knowledge of complications depicted in Figure 1. Table 4 shows the responder knowledge regarding diet and exercises. Dietary modifications were relied more than exercises among the evaluated patients. Most of the lacunae in knowledge prevailed in drug therapy of diabetes. Insulin was disfavored by most of patients. Details of knowledge of drug therapy in diabetes are shown in Table 5.


Assessing the knowledge, attitudes and practice of type 2 diabetes among patients of Saurashtra region, Gujarat.

Shah VN, Kamdar PK, Shah N - Int J Diabetes Dev Ctries (2009)

Frequency distribution of knowledge regarding complications of diabetes
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2822215&req=5

Figure 0001: Frequency distribution of knowledge regarding complications of diabetes
Mentions: Despite 8 years of average duration of diabetes, about 46% of patients knew the pathophysiology of diabetes. Fewer (38.23%) still believed that diabetes can be cured. Many other aspects are covered in Table 3. Among the knowledge of complications of diabetes, renal complication was least known to patients. Most were afraid of heart related complications. Details of knowledge of complications depicted in Figure 1. Table 4 shows the responder knowledge regarding diet and exercises. Dietary modifications were relied more than exercises among the evaluated patients. Most of the lacunae in knowledge prevailed in drug therapy of diabetes. Insulin was disfavored by most of patients. Details of knowledge of drug therapy in diabetes are shown in Table 5.

Bottom Line: An encouraging finding in our study was that most believed in self-care and ready to change.Consultation time given by their treating doctors was less than 5 minutes in nearly 50%.Foot care and education to prevent complications were least suggested by doctors.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Govt. Medical College, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India.

ABSTRACT
As India will ranks first in diabetes now and will continue to do so in 2025, we must prevent the disease by various measures. Before setting the programmes, we should have ample data on the population's knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of diabetes. There are some epidemiological studies from southern India, Mumbai and north India, but there is no KAP study from Gujarat. The study was conducted between the period of June 2007 to November 2007 at three centers of Saurashtra region. Out of 300 patients who were given questionnaire, 238 patients were included for the analysis, rest were excluded due to various reasons. 52% were male. Mean age of patients was 55.82+/-10.2 years (95% CI 54.5-57.1) with mean weight of 64.52+/-10.96 Kg (95% CI 62.8-66.2). Mean duration of diabetes was 8.2+/-6.8 years (95% CI 7.2-9.1). 46% of patients knew the pathophysiology of diabetes. Nearly 50% knew the complications of diabetes. Dietary modifications were relied more than exercises among the interviewed subjects. Most of the lacunae in knowledge prevailed in drug therapy of diabetes. Insulin was not favored by most of patients. An encouraging finding in our study was that most believed in self-care and ready to change. Consultation time given by their treating doctors was less than 5 minutes in nearly 50%. Foot care and education to prevent complications were least suggested by doctors.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus