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MSOAR 2.0: Incorporating tandem duplications into ortholog assignment based on genome rearrangement.

Shi G, Zhang L, Jiang T - BMC Bioinformatics (2010)

Bottom Line: Although the specificity of MSOAR 2.0 is slightly worse than that of InParanoid in the real data experiments, it is actually better than that of InParanoid in the simulation tests.Our preliminary experimental results demonstrate that MSOAR 2.0 is a highly accurate tool for one-to-one ortholog assignment between closely related genomes.The software is available to the public for free and included as online supplementary material.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Computer Science, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA. gshi@cs.ucr.edu

ABSTRACT

Background: Ortholog assignment is a critical and fundamental problem in comparative genomics, since orthologs are considered to be functional counterparts in different species and can be used to infer molecular functions of one species from those of other species. MSOAR is a recently developed high-throughput system for assigning one-to-one orthologs between closely related species on a genome scale. It attempts to reconstruct the evolutionary history of input genomes in terms of genome rearrangement and gene duplication events. It assumes that a gene duplication event inserts a duplicated gene into the genome of interest at a random location (i.e., the random duplication model). However, in practice, biologists believe that genes are often duplicated by tandem duplications, where a duplicated gene is located next to the original copy (i.e., the tandem duplication model).

Results: In this paper, we develop MSOAR 2.0, an improved system for one-to-one ortholog assignment. For a pair of input genomes, the system first focuses on the tandemly duplicated genes of each genome and tries to identify among them those that were duplicated after the speciation (i.e., the so-called inparalogs), using a simple phylogenetic tree reconciliation method. For each such set of tandemly duplicated inparalogs, all but one gene will be deleted from the concerned genome (because they cannot possibly appear in any one-to-one ortholog pairs), and MSOAR is invoked. Using both simulated and real data experiments, we show that MSOAR 2.0 is able to achieve a better sensitivity and specificity than MSOAR. In comparison with the well-known genome-scale ortholog assignment tool InParanoid, Ensembl ortholog database, and the orthology information extracted from the well-known whole-genome multiple alignment program MultiZ, MSOAR 2.0 shows the highest sensitivity. Although the specificity of MSOAR 2.0 is slightly worse than that of InParanoid in the real data experiments, it is actually better than that of InParanoid in the simulation tests.

Conclusions: Our preliminary experimental results demonstrate that MSOAR 2.0 is a highly accurate tool for one-to-one ortholog assignment between closely related genomes. The software is available to the public for free and included as online supplementary material.

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Orthologs assigned between human and macaque.
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Figure 12: Orthologs assigned between human and macaque.

Mentions: Since chimpanzee and macaque do not have official gene symbols, we only compare our assignment results with those of InParanoid and the Ensembl ortholog database. Figures 11 and 12 use Venn diagrams to show the commonality and difference among the ortholog pairs assigned by MSOAR 2.0, InParanoid, and the Ensembl ortholog database. We see that the three programs share more than 75% of the ortholog pairs. InParanoid outputs the least number of unique ortholog pairs while Ensembl has the most. More than 70% of the ortholog pairs unique to Ensembl are found to be inparalogs in TAGs (results not shown).


MSOAR 2.0: Incorporating tandem duplications into ortholog assignment based on genome rearrangement.

Shi G, Zhang L, Jiang T - BMC Bioinformatics (2010)

Orthologs assigned between human and macaque.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2821317&req=5

Figure 12: Orthologs assigned between human and macaque.
Mentions: Since chimpanzee and macaque do not have official gene symbols, we only compare our assignment results with those of InParanoid and the Ensembl ortholog database. Figures 11 and 12 use Venn diagrams to show the commonality and difference among the ortholog pairs assigned by MSOAR 2.0, InParanoid, and the Ensembl ortholog database. We see that the three programs share more than 75% of the ortholog pairs. InParanoid outputs the least number of unique ortholog pairs while Ensembl has the most. More than 70% of the ortholog pairs unique to Ensembl are found to be inparalogs in TAGs (results not shown).

Bottom Line: Although the specificity of MSOAR 2.0 is slightly worse than that of InParanoid in the real data experiments, it is actually better than that of InParanoid in the simulation tests.Our preliminary experimental results demonstrate that MSOAR 2.0 is a highly accurate tool for one-to-one ortholog assignment between closely related genomes.The software is available to the public for free and included as online supplementary material.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Computer Science, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA. gshi@cs.ucr.edu

ABSTRACT

Background: Ortholog assignment is a critical and fundamental problem in comparative genomics, since orthologs are considered to be functional counterparts in different species and can be used to infer molecular functions of one species from those of other species. MSOAR is a recently developed high-throughput system for assigning one-to-one orthologs between closely related species on a genome scale. It attempts to reconstruct the evolutionary history of input genomes in terms of genome rearrangement and gene duplication events. It assumes that a gene duplication event inserts a duplicated gene into the genome of interest at a random location (i.e., the random duplication model). However, in practice, biologists believe that genes are often duplicated by tandem duplications, where a duplicated gene is located next to the original copy (i.e., the tandem duplication model).

Results: In this paper, we develop MSOAR 2.0, an improved system for one-to-one ortholog assignment. For a pair of input genomes, the system first focuses on the tandemly duplicated genes of each genome and tries to identify among them those that were duplicated after the speciation (i.e., the so-called inparalogs), using a simple phylogenetic tree reconciliation method. For each such set of tandemly duplicated inparalogs, all but one gene will be deleted from the concerned genome (because they cannot possibly appear in any one-to-one ortholog pairs), and MSOAR is invoked. Using both simulated and real data experiments, we show that MSOAR 2.0 is able to achieve a better sensitivity and specificity than MSOAR. In comparison with the well-known genome-scale ortholog assignment tool InParanoid, Ensembl ortholog database, and the orthology information extracted from the well-known whole-genome multiple alignment program MultiZ, MSOAR 2.0 shows the highest sensitivity. Although the specificity of MSOAR 2.0 is slightly worse than that of InParanoid in the real data experiments, it is actually better than that of InParanoid in the simulation tests.

Conclusions: Our preliminary experimental results demonstrate that MSOAR 2.0 is a highly accurate tool for one-to-one ortholog assignment between closely related genomes. The software is available to the public for free and included as online supplementary material.

Show MeSH