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Seroepidemiology of human Toxoplasma gondii infection in China.

Xiao Y, Yin J, Jiang N, Xiang M, Hao L, Lu H, Sang H, Liu X, Xu H, Ankarklev J, Lindh J, Chen Q - BMC Infect. Dis. (2010)

Bottom Line: A significant difference (P = 0.004) was found between male and female in the healthy population, the seroprevalence was 10.5% in men versus 14.3% in women.A significant higher prevalence of T. gondii infection was observed in female in the clinically healthy population.The data argue for deeper investigations for the potential risk factors that threat the female populations.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Zoonosis, Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Xi An Da Lu 5333, Changchun 130062, PR China.

ABSTRACT

Background: Toxoplasmosis is an important zoonotic parasitic disease worldwide. In immune competent individuals, Toxoplasma gondii preferentially infects tissues of central nervous systems, which might be an adding factor of certain psychiatric disorders. Congenital transmission of T. gondii during pregnancy has been regarded as a risk factor for the health of newborn infants. While in immune-compromised individuals, the parasite can cause life-threatening infections. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of T. gondii infection among clinically healthy individuals and patients with psychiatric disorders in China and to identify the potential risk factors related to the vulnerability of infection in the population.

Methods: Serum samples from 2634 healthy individuals and 547 patients with certain psychiatric disorders in Changchun and Daqing in the northeast, and in Shanghai in the south of China were examined respectively for the levels of anti-T. gondii IgG by indirect ELISA and a direct agglutination assay. Prevalence of T. gondii infection in the Chinese population in respect of gender, age, residence and health status was systematically analyzed.

Results: The overall anti-T. gondii IgG prevalence in the study population was 12.3%. In the clinically healthy population 12.5% was sero-positive and in the group with psychiatric disorders 11.3% of these patients were positive with anti-T. gondii IgG. A significant difference (P = 0.004) was found between male and female in the healthy population, the seroprevalence was 10.5% in men versus 14.3% in women. Furthermore, the difference of T. gondii infection rate between male and female in the 20-19 year's group was more obvious, with 6.4% in male population and 14.6% in female population.

Conclusion: A significant higher prevalence of T. gondii infection was observed in female in the clinically healthy population. No correlation was found between T. gondii infection and psychiatric disorders in this study. Results suggest that women are more exposed to T. gondii infection than men in China. The data argue for deeper investigations for the potential risk factors that threat the female populations.

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Reactivities of antibodies to T. gondii antigen in the sera of different age groups. The sera from clinically healthy group (blue) and psychiatric patients (green) were divided based on the age of each individual and the OD values from all samples in each group with specific reactivity were presented. Bars stand for 50% OD values of each group, lines below and above each bar stand for 25% OD values. The black lines in the bars stand for the median OD value. Samples with much higher or extreme OD values excluded in the statistical analysis are indicated with circles and asterisks.
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Figure 1: Reactivities of antibodies to T. gondii antigen in the sera of different age groups. The sera from clinically healthy group (blue) and psychiatric patients (green) were divided based on the age of each individual and the OD values from all samples in each group with specific reactivity were presented. Bars stand for 50% OD values of each group, lines below and above each bar stand for 25% OD values. The black lines in the bars stand for the median OD value. Samples with much higher or extreme OD values excluded in the statistical analysis are indicated with circles and asterisks.

Mentions: The optical density at 405 nm (OD 405), indicated the amount of specific IgG antibodies in the sera, was also measured in the different samples. No significant differences were observed considering the mean values of all studied groups (Figure 1).


Seroepidemiology of human Toxoplasma gondii infection in China.

Xiao Y, Yin J, Jiang N, Xiang M, Hao L, Lu H, Sang H, Liu X, Xu H, Ankarklev J, Lindh J, Chen Q - BMC Infect. Dis. (2010)

Reactivities of antibodies to T. gondii antigen in the sera of different age groups. The sera from clinically healthy group (blue) and psychiatric patients (green) were divided based on the age of each individual and the OD values from all samples in each group with specific reactivity were presented. Bars stand for 50% OD values of each group, lines below and above each bar stand for 25% OD values. The black lines in the bars stand for the median OD value. Samples with much higher or extreme OD values excluded in the statistical analysis are indicated with circles and asterisks.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2818656&req=5

Figure 1: Reactivities of antibodies to T. gondii antigen in the sera of different age groups. The sera from clinically healthy group (blue) and psychiatric patients (green) were divided based on the age of each individual and the OD values from all samples in each group with specific reactivity were presented. Bars stand for 50% OD values of each group, lines below and above each bar stand for 25% OD values. The black lines in the bars stand for the median OD value. Samples with much higher or extreme OD values excluded in the statistical analysis are indicated with circles and asterisks.
Mentions: The optical density at 405 nm (OD 405), indicated the amount of specific IgG antibodies in the sera, was also measured in the different samples. No significant differences were observed considering the mean values of all studied groups (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: A significant difference (P = 0.004) was found between male and female in the healthy population, the seroprevalence was 10.5% in men versus 14.3% in women.A significant higher prevalence of T. gondii infection was observed in female in the clinically healthy population.The data argue for deeper investigations for the potential risk factors that threat the female populations.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Zoonosis, Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Xi An Da Lu 5333, Changchun 130062, PR China.

ABSTRACT

Background: Toxoplasmosis is an important zoonotic parasitic disease worldwide. In immune competent individuals, Toxoplasma gondii preferentially infects tissues of central nervous systems, which might be an adding factor of certain psychiatric disorders. Congenital transmission of T. gondii during pregnancy has been regarded as a risk factor for the health of newborn infants. While in immune-compromised individuals, the parasite can cause life-threatening infections. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of T. gondii infection among clinically healthy individuals and patients with psychiatric disorders in China and to identify the potential risk factors related to the vulnerability of infection in the population.

Methods: Serum samples from 2634 healthy individuals and 547 patients with certain psychiatric disorders in Changchun and Daqing in the northeast, and in Shanghai in the south of China were examined respectively for the levels of anti-T. gondii IgG by indirect ELISA and a direct agglutination assay. Prevalence of T. gondii infection in the Chinese population in respect of gender, age, residence and health status was systematically analyzed.

Results: The overall anti-T. gondii IgG prevalence in the study population was 12.3%. In the clinically healthy population 12.5% was sero-positive and in the group with psychiatric disorders 11.3% of these patients were positive with anti-T. gondii IgG. A significant difference (P = 0.004) was found between male and female in the healthy population, the seroprevalence was 10.5% in men versus 14.3% in women. Furthermore, the difference of T. gondii infection rate between male and female in the 20-19 year's group was more obvious, with 6.4% in male population and 14.6% in female population.

Conclusion: A significant higher prevalence of T. gondii infection was observed in female in the clinically healthy population. No correlation was found between T. gondii infection and psychiatric disorders in this study. Results suggest that women are more exposed to T. gondii infection than men in China. The data argue for deeper investigations for the potential risk factors that threat the female populations.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus