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Lipoprotein (a) in type 2 diabetes mellitus: Relation to LDL:HDL ratio and glycemic control.

Singla S, Kaur K, Kaur G, Kaur H, Kaur J, Jaswal S - Int J Diabetes Dev Ctries (2009)

Bottom Line: Lp(a) levels were found to be significantly increased in the diabetic group as compared to the control group (P< 0.001).The results of the present study suggest that Lp(a) levels are increased in type 2 diabetic patients.The elevated Lp(a) levels do not reflect the glycemic status and are also independent of increase in LDL:HDL ratio suggesting different metabolic pathways and the genetic connection for LDL and Lp(a).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biochemistry, Govt Medical College, Chandigarh, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Increased lipoprotein (a) [Lp (a)] concentrations are predictive of coronary artery disease (CAD). Type 2 diabetes mellitus also leads to dyslipidemia, like elevated triglyceride levels and low HDL levels, which are known risk factors for CAD. This study was designed to investigate the levels of Lp (a) in type 2 diabetic patients and their association with LDL: HDL ratio and glycemic control.

Materials and methods: The study included 60 patients of type 2 diabetes and 50 age and sex matched controls. The Lp(a) levels in the diabetic group were compared with the control group and the relationship between the Lp(a) levels and LDL: HDL ratio was evaluated. Diabetic group was further divided into three subgroups according to levels of glycated hemoglobin. Lp(a) levels and glycated hemoglobin in controlled and uncontrolled diabetes mellitus were also compared to find out any correlation between them. Statistical analysis was done using the students 't' test and Chi square test.

Results: Lp(a) levels were found to be significantly increased in the diabetic group as compared to the control group (P< 0.001). LDL: HDL ratio was also increased in the diabetic group as compared to the control group. Lp(a) levels showed no association with LDL: HDL ratio and degree of glycemic control in these patients.

Conclusions: The results of the present study suggest that Lp(a) levels are increased in type 2 diabetic patients. The elevated Lp(a) levels do not reflect the glycemic status and are also independent of increase in LDL:HDL ratio suggesting different metabolic pathways and the genetic connection for LDL and Lp(a).

No MeSH data available.


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Correlation between Lp(a) and LDL: HDL ratio in Diabetic group
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Figure 0003: Correlation between Lp(a) and LDL: HDL ratio in Diabetic group

Mentions: The correlations between the levels of Lp (a) and HbA1c and between the Lp (a) levels and LDL: HDL ratio have been depicted in Figures 2 and 3 respectively. No significant correlation was found between the Lp (a) and the HbA1c levels (P>0.05, r = -0.01) and Lp (a) and LDL: HDL ratio (P >0.05, r = 0.08)).


Lipoprotein (a) in type 2 diabetes mellitus: Relation to LDL:HDL ratio and glycemic control.

Singla S, Kaur K, Kaur G, Kaur H, Kaur J, Jaswal S - Int J Diabetes Dev Ctries (2009)

Correlation between Lp(a) and LDL: HDL ratio in Diabetic group
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2812755&req=5

Figure 0003: Correlation between Lp(a) and LDL: HDL ratio in Diabetic group
Mentions: The correlations between the levels of Lp (a) and HbA1c and between the Lp (a) levels and LDL: HDL ratio have been depicted in Figures 2 and 3 respectively. No significant correlation was found between the Lp (a) and the HbA1c levels (P>0.05, r = -0.01) and Lp (a) and LDL: HDL ratio (P >0.05, r = 0.08)).

Bottom Line: Lp(a) levels were found to be significantly increased in the diabetic group as compared to the control group (P< 0.001).The results of the present study suggest that Lp(a) levels are increased in type 2 diabetic patients.The elevated Lp(a) levels do not reflect the glycemic status and are also independent of increase in LDL:HDL ratio suggesting different metabolic pathways and the genetic connection for LDL and Lp(a).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biochemistry, Govt Medical College, Chandigarh, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Increased lipoprotein (a) [Lp (a)] concentrations are predictive of coronary artery disease (CAD). Type 2 diabetes mellitus also leads to dyslipidemia, like elevated triglyceride levels and low HDL levels, which are known risk factors for CAD. This study was designed to investigate the levels of Lp (a) in type 2 diabetic patients and their association with LDL: HDL ratio and glycemic control.

Materials and methods: The study included 60 patients of type 2 diabetes and 50 age and sex matched controls. The Lp(a) levels in the diabetic group were compared with the control group and the relationship between the Lp(a) levels and LDL: HDL ratio was evaluated. Diabetic group was further divided into three subgroups according to levels of glycated hemoglobin. Lp(a) levels and glycated hemoglobin in controlled and uncontrolled diabetes mellitus were also compared to find out any correlation between them. Statistical analysis was done using the students 't' test and Chi square test.

Results: Lp(a) levels were found to be significantly increased in the diabetic group as compared to the control group (P< 0.001). LDL: HDL ratio was also increased in the diabetic group as compared to the control group. Lp(a) levels showed no association with LDL: HDL ratio and degree of glycemic control in these patients.

Conclusions: The results of the present study suggest that Lp(a) levels are increased in type 2 diabetic patients. The elevated Lp(a) levels do not reflect the glycemic status and are also independent of increase in LDL:HDL ratio suggesting different metabolic pathways and the genetic connection for LDL and Lp(a).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus