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Crusted Piloleiomyoma with mental retardation: a rare association.

Kamboj S, Sharma RK, Kumar A, Chaudhary SS, Jain VK - Indian J Dermatol (2009)

Bottom Line: The histopathological features were consistent with Piloleiomyoma.The occurrence of Piloleiomyoma in a mentally retarded child and its unusual crusted nature has been rarely reported.The association between Piloleiomyoma and mental retardation is further stressed in this case report.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, India. dermasony@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Piloleiomyoma is an uncommon benign smooth muscle neoplasm arising from arrector pili muscle. It is clinically defined by the presence of solitary or multiple reddish brown, dome-shaped, smooth papules or nodules, ranging in size from a few millimeters to a centimeter. The patients are otherwise healthy; but mental retardation developing in some patients with multiple Piloleiomyomas has been emerging as an intriguing matter for analysis by the scientists. In this case report, a mentally retarded patient with Piloleiomyoma is described, who, besides the characteristic smooth and dome-shaped lesions on the anterolateral aspect of the dorsum of the right foot, had developed crusting on one of the largest lesions. The histopathological features were consistent with Piloleiomyoma. The occurrence of Piloleiomyoma in a mentally retarded child and its unusual crusted nature has been rarely reported. The association between Piloleiomyoma and mental retardation is further stressed in this case report.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Histopathological picture (H & E ×40)
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Figure 0002: Histopathological picture (H & E ×40)

Mentions: Routine investigations were within normal limits. Excision biopsy of the lesion revealed interlacing bundles of smooth muscle fibers, with variable amounts of collagen bundles in the dermis. Muscle fibers were straight, without any waviness with central, elongated nuclei, and, thus, a histopathological diagnosis of Piloleiomyoma was made [Figure 2].


Crusted Piloleiomyoma with mental retardation: a rare association.

Kamboj S, Sharma RK, Kumar A, Chaudhary SS, Jain VK - Indian J Dermatol (2009)

Histopathological picture (H & E ×40)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2800880&req=5

Figure 0002: Histopathological picture (H & E ×40)
Mentions: Routine investigations were within normal limits. Excision biopsy of the lesion revealed interlacing bundles of smooth muscle fibers, with variable amounts of collagen bundles in the dermis. Muscle fibers were straight, without any waviness with central, elongated nuclei, and, thus, a histopathological diagnosis of Piloleiomyoma was made [Figure 2].

Bottom Line: The histopathological features were consistent with Piloleiomyoma.The occurrence of Piloleiomyoma in a mentally retarded child and its unusual crusted nature has been rarely reported.The association between Piloleiomyoma and mental retardation is further stressed in this case report.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, India. dermasony@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Piloleiomyoma is an uncommon benign smooth muscle neoplasm arising from arrector pili muscle. It is clinically defined by the presence of solitary or multiple reddish brown, dome-shaped, smooth papules or nodules, ranging in size from a few millimeters to a centimeter. The patients are otherwise healthy; but mental retardation developing in some patients with multiple Piloleiomyomas has been emerging as an intriguing matter for analysis by the scientists. In this case report, a mentally retarded patient with Piloleiomyoma is described, who, besides the characteristic smooth and dome-shaped lesions on the anterolateral aspect of the dorsum of the right foot, had developed crusting on one of the largest lesions. The histopathological features were consistent with Piloleiomyoma. The occurrence of Piloleiomyoma in a mentally retarded child and its unusual crusted nature has been rarely reported. The association between Piloleiomyoma and mental retardation is further stressed in this case report.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus