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Erythroderma: review of a potentially life-threatening dermatosis.

Okoduwa C, Lambert WC, Schwartz RA, Kubeyinje E, Eitokpah A, Sinha S, Chen W - Indian J Dermatol (2009)

Bottom Line: Erythroderma, or generalized exfoliative dermatitis, is a disease characterized by erythema and scaling of greater than 90% of the body's surface.The resultant dysmetabolism is potentially life threatening.A detailed history is to identify and treat the underlying cause of this dermatitis.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology and Pathology, New Jersey Medical School, 185 South Orange Avenue, Newark, New Jersey 07103, USA.

ABSTRACT
Erythroderma, or generalized exfoliative dermatitis, is a disease characterized by erythema and scaling of greater than 90% of the body's surface. The resultant dysmetabolism is potentially life threatening. A detailed history is to identify and treat the underlying cause of this dermatitis. We present two cases of erythroderma in African patients and review this important disease.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Sloughing of epidermis of the soles in the above patient
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Figure 0002: Sloughing of epidermis of the soles in the above patient

Mentions: A 14-year-old African girl was referred to our Benin City clinic in 2005 for generalized scaling and erythema of 5 years duration. The pruritic patches were first noted on the face and trunk and later involved the entire body. There was no preexisting dermatosis, nor prior medical problems. There was no prior exposure to chemical precipitants of dermatitis. Family history was negative for similar conditions or skin disorders. The exfoliation did not improve with herbal medicines (Yoruba Agbo leaves). Physical examination showed extensive non-uniform erythematous scaly patches involving the scalp, face, trunk, arms, legs, palms and soles [Figure 1]. Scalp lesions formed whitish yellow scales with hair loss. On the soles, the exfoliative eruption led to severe sloughing of the epidermis [Figure 2]. Laboratory investigations and biopsy results were nonspecific. The etiology could not be determined due to limited resources in our clinic. She was treated with intravenous and topical steroids and was lost to follow-up.


Erythroderma: review of a potentially life-threatening dermatosis.

Okoduwa C, Lambert WC, Schwartz RA, Kubeyinje E, Eitokpah A, Sinha S, Chen W - Indian J Dermatol (2009)

Sloughing of epidermis of the soles in the above patient
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2800861&req=5

Figure 0002: Sloughing of epidermis of the soles in the above patient
Mentions: A 14-year-old African girl was referred to our Benin City clinic in 2005 for generalized scaling and erythema of 5 years duration. The pruritic patches were first noted on the face and trunk and later involved the entire body. There was no preexisting dermatosis, nor prior medical problems. There was no prior exposure to chemical precipitants of dermatitis. Family history was negative for similar conditions or skin disorders. The exfoliation did not improve with herbal medicines (Yoruba Agbo leaves). Physical examination showed extensive non-uniform erythematous scaly patches involving the scalp, face, trunk, arms, legs, palms and soles [Figure 1]. Scalp lesions formed whitish yellow scales with hair loss. On the soles, the exfoliative eruption led to severe sloughing of the epidermis [Figure 2]. Laboratory investigations and biopsy results were nonspecific. The etiology could not be determined due to limited resources in our clinic. She was treated with intravenous and topical steroids and was lost to follow-up.

Bottom Line: Erythroderma, or generalized exfoliative dermatitis, is a disease characterized by erythema and scaling of greater than 90% of the body's surface.The resultant dysmetabolism is potentially life threatening.A detailed history is to identify and treat the underlying cause of this dermatitis.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology and Pathology, New Jersey Medical School, 185 South Orange Avenue, Newark, New Jersey 07103, USA.

ABSTRACT
Erythroderma, or generalized exfoliative dermatitis, is a disease characterized by erythema and scaling of greater than 90% of the body's surface. The resultant dysmetabolism is potentially life threatening. A detailed history is to identify and treat the underlying cause of this dermatitis. We present two cases of erythroderma in African patients and review this important disease.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus