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Resistance exercise training lowers HbA1c more than aerobic training in adults with type 2 diabetes.

Bweir S, Al-Jarrah M, Almalty AM, Maayah M, Smirnova IV, Novikova L, Stehno-Bittel L - Diabetol Metab Syndr (2009)

Bottom Line: Both groups showed a reduction in pre and post-exercise blood glucose and HbA1c values.There was no change in resting blood pressure or heart rate in either group during the course of the 10 week intervention.There were significant improvements in the mean HbA1c reading pre and post training in both groups (p < 0.001).

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physiotherapy, Allied Medical Sciences, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan. sobweir@hu.edu.jo

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of 10 weeks of resistance or treadmill exercises on glycemic indices levels prior to and immediately following exercise in adults with type 2 diabetes.

Research design and method: Twenty inactive subjects (mean age 53.5 years) with type 2 diabetes enrolled in the study. Baseline HbA1c, blood glucose levels, heart rate, and blood pressure were measured for each subject prior to the initiation of the exercise program. Subsequently, subjects were matched to age, waist circumference and sex and assigned to either isocaloric resistance or treadmill exercise groups, which met 3 times per week for 10 weeks.

Results: Both groups showed a reduction in pre and post-exercise blood glucose and HbA1c values. There was no change in resting blood pressure or heart rate in either group during the course of the 10 week intervention. The group receiving resistance exercises showed significant differences in the daily pre-exercise plasma glucose readings between the beginning and end of the exercise protocol (p < 0.001). There were significant improvements in the mean HbA1c reading pre and post training in both groups (p < 0.001). However, the greater reduction was noted in the resistance exercise group, and at 10 weeks their HbA1c levels were significantly lower than the group that received treadmill exercises (p < 0.006).

Conclusion: Ten weeks of resistance exercises were associated with a significantly better glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes compared to treadmill exercise.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Weekly mean pre- and post-exercise plasma glucose values for both groups shown for weeks 1, 6 and 10. Both treadmill and resistance exercises caused a significant decrease in plasma glucose within each session (#, p < 0.05). Across the weeks, a decrease in pre-and post-exercise plasma glucose was measured with a significant decline from week 1 to 10 (*, p < 0.05).
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Figure 1: Weekly mean pre- and post-exercise plasma glucose values for both groups shown for weeks 1, 6 and 10. Both treadmill and resistance exercises caused a significant decrease in plasma glucose within each session (#, p < 0.05). Across the weeks, a decrease in pre-and post-exercise plasma glucose was measured with a significant decline from week 1 to 10 (*, p < 0.05).

Mentions: Plasma glucose values were measured prior to, and at the end of each exercise session for both isocaloric intervention groups (Figure 1). Glucose values fell on average with each exercise session for both types of exercise (p < 0.05). Throughout the weeks of the training intervention, both pre- and post-exercise plasma glucose levels fell for participants in the treadmill and resistance exercise groups. This effect can best be illustrated in Figure 1 at weeks 1, 6, and 10. Repeated measures ANOVA indicated significant differences across the weeks (p < 0.0001). Pairwise multiple comparisons indicated that both treadmill and resistance exercise caused a significant reduction in the plasma glucose levels from week 1 to 10 (p < 0.05).


Resistance exercise training lowers HbA1c more than aerobic training in adults with type 2 diabetes.

Bweir S, Al-Jarrah M, Almalty AM, Maayah M, Smirnova IV, Novikova L, Stehno-Bittel L - Diabetol Metab Syndr (2009)

Weekly mean pre- and post-exercise plasma glucose values for both groups shown for weeks 1, 6 and 10. Both treadmill and resistance exercises caused a significant decrease in plasma glucose within each session (#, p < 0.05). Across the weeks, a decrease in pre-and post-exercise plasma glucose was measured with a significant decline from week 1 to 10 (*, p < 0.05).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2800839&req=5

Figure 1: Weekly mean pre- and post-exercise plasma glucose values for both groups shown for weeks 1, 6 and 10. Both treadmill and resistance exercises caused a significant decrease in plasma glucose within each session (#, p < 0.05). Across the weeks, a decrease in pre-and post-exercise plasma glucose was measured with a significant decline from week 1 to 10 (*, p < 0.05).
Mentions: Plasma glucose values were measured prior to, and at the end of each exercise session for both isocaloric intervention groups (Figure 1). Glucose values fell on average with each exercise session for both types of exercise (p < 0.05). Throughout the weeks of the training intervention, both pre- and post-exercise plasma glucose levels fell for participants in the treadmill and resistance exercise groups. This effect can best be illustrated in Figure 1 at weeks 1, 6, and 10. Repeated measures ANOVA indicated significant differences across the weeks (p < 0.0001). Pairwise multiple comparisons indicated that both treadmill and resistance exercise caused a significant reduction in the plasma glucose levels from week 1 to 10 (p < 0.05).

Bottom Line: Both groups showed a reduction in pre and post-exercise blood glucose and HbA1c values.There was no change in resting blood pressure or heart rate in either group during the course of the 10 week intervention.There were significant improvements in the mean HbA1c reading pre and post training in both groups (p < 0.001).

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physiotherapy, Allied Medical Sciences, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan. sobweir@hu.edu.jo

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of 10 weeks of resistance or treadmill exercises on glycemic indices levels prior to and immediately following exercise in adults with type 2 diabetes.

Research design and method: Twenty inactive subjects (mean age 53.5 years) with type 2 diabetes enrolled in the study. Baseline HbA1c, blood glucose levels, heart rate, and blood pressure were measured for each subject prior to the initiation of the exercise program. Subsequently, subjects were matched to age, waist circumference and sex and assigned to either isocaloric resistance or treadmill exercise groups, which met 3 times per week for 10 weeks.

Results: Both groups showed a reduction in pre and post-exercise blood glucose and HbA1c values. There was no change in resting blood pressure or heart rate in either group during the course of the 10 week intervention. The group receiving resistance exercises showed significant differences in the daily pre-exercise plasma glucose readings between the beginning and end of the exercise protocol (p < 0.001). There were significant improvements in the mean HbA1c reading pre and post training in both groups (p < 0.001). However, the greater reduction was noted in the resistance exercise group, and at 10 weeks their HbA1c levels were significantly lower than the group that received treadmill exercises (p < 0.006).

Conclusion: Ten weeks of resistance exercises were associated with a significantly better glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes compared to treadmill exercise.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus