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Increased NO bioavailability in aging male rats by genistein and exercise training: using 4, 5-diaminofluorescein diacetate.

Eksakulkla S, Suksom D, Siriviriyakul P, Patumraj S - Reprod. Biol. Endocrinol. (2009)

Bottom Line: The results showed that means arterial blood pressure for both Aged+Gen and Aged+Ex groups were significantly reduced when compared to the Aged groups, Aged+Veh and Aged+Without-Ex (P < 0.05).Among the treated groups, Ach-induced vasodilatation were significantly increased (P < 0.05) and was associated with increased NO-associated fluorescent intensities (P < 0.05).On the other hand, MDA levels were significantly reduced (P < 0.05) when Aged+Veh was compared to Aged+Without-Ex.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand. sukunyaj21@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Background: Several kinds of anti-oxidants have drawn a lot of intention for their benefits on vascular protection. In addition, it has been demonstrated that exercise training could improve endothelial function by up-regulating endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) protein. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate the effects of genistein, a potent phyto-antioxidant, and exercise training on age-induced endothelial dysfunction in relation to NO bioavailability using in situ NO-sensitive fluorescent dye detection.

Methods: Male Wistar rats (20-22-month old) were divided into four groups: aged rats treated with corn oil, (Aged+Veh, n = 5), aged rats treated with genistein (Aged+Gen, n = 5, (0.25 mg/kg BW/day, s.c.)), aged rats with and without exercise training (Aged+Ex, n = 5, swimming 40 min/day, 5 days/week for 8 weeks) (Aged+Without-Ex, n = 5). Cremaster arterioles (15-35 micrometer) were visualized by fluorescein isothiocyanate labeled dextran (5 microgram/ml). The vascular response to acetylcholine (Ach; 10(-5)M, 5 ml/5 min) was accessed after 1-min norepinephrine preconstriction (10 micro molar). To determine NO bioavailability, the Krebs-Ringer buffer with 4, 5-diaminofluorescein-diacetate (3 micro molar DAF-2DA), and 10 micro- molar Ach saturated with 95%N2 and 5%CO2 were used. Changes of DAF-2T-intensities along the cremaster arterioles were analyzed by the Image Pro-Plus Software (Media Cybernatics, Inc, USA). Liver malondialdehyde (MDA) level was measured by thiobarbituric acid reaction and used as an indicator for oxidative stress.

Results: The results showed that means arterial blood pressure for both Aged+Gen and Aged+Ex groups were significantly reduced when compared to the Aged groups, Aged+Veh and Aged+Without-Ex (P < 0.05). Among the treated groups, Ach-induced vasodilatation were significantly increased (P < 0.05) and was associated with increased NO-associated fluorescent intensities (P < 0.05). On the other hand, MDA levels were significantly reduced (P < 0.05) when Aged+Veh was compared to Aged+Without-Ex.

Conclusion: These findings showed that genistein and exercise training could improve age-induced endothelial dysfunction and is related to the increased NO bioavailability.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

The percentage change of arteriolar diameters induced by SNP for young, aged rats with vehicle (Aged+Veh), genistein (Aged+Gen), without exercise (Aged+Without-Ex) and exercise (Aged+Ex). No significantly difference as compared to young group. No significantly difference as compared to Aged groups.
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Figure 3: The percentage change of arteriolar diameters induced by SNP for young, aged rats with vehicle (Aged+Veh), genistein (Aged+Gen), without exercise (Aged+Without-Ex) and exercise (Aged+Ex). No significantly difference as compared to young group. No significantly difference as compared to Aged groups.

Mentions: To ensure that impairment of arteriolar dilatation to Ach did not interfere with the function of the smooth muscle cells, the vasodilatory response to endothelium-independent vasodilatation was examined by using SNP (10-5M). The results showed that there was no significant difference among the young (25.88 ± 3.70%), Aged groups (Aged+Veh, (29.79 ± 11.71%), and Aged+Without-Ex groups (32.15 ± 16.56%)) (Figure 3).


Increased NO bioavailability in aging male rats by genistein and exercise training: using 4, 5-diaminofluorescein diacetate.

Eksakulkla S, Suksom D, Siriviriyakul P, Patumraj S - Reprod. Biol. Endocrinol. (2009)

The percentage change of arteriolar diameters induced by SNP for young, aged rats with vehicle (Aged+Veh), genistein (Aged+Gen), without exercise (Aged+Without-Ex) and exercise (Aged+Ex). No significantly difference as compared to young group. No significantly difference as compared to Aged groups.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2748080&req=5

Figure 3: The percentage change of arteriolar diameters induced by SNP for young, aged rats with vehicle (Aged+Veh), genistein (Aged+Gen), without exercise (Aged+Without-Ex) and exercise (Aged+Ex). No significantly difference as compared to young group. No significantly difference as compared to Aged groups.
Mentions: To ensure that impairment of arteriolar dilatation to Ach did not interfere with the function of the smooth muscle cells, the vasodilatory response to endothelium-independent vasodilatation was examined by using SNP (10-5M). The results showed that there was no significant difference among the young (25.88 ± 3.70%), Aged groups (Aged+Veh, (29.79 ± 11.71%), and Aged+Without-Ex groups (32.15 ± 16.56%)) (Figure 3).

Bottom Line: The results showed that means arterial blood pressure for both Aged+Gen and Aged+Ex groups were significantly reduced when compared to the Aged groups, Aged+Veh and Aged+Without-Ex (P < 0.05).Among the treated groups, Ach-induced vasodilatation were significantly increased (P < 0.05) and was associated with increased NO-associated fluorescent intensities (P < 0.05).On the other hand, MDA levels were significantly reduced (P < 0.05) when Aged+Veh was compared to Aged+Without-Ex.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand. sukunyaj21@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Background: Several kinds of anti-oxidants have drawn a lot of intention for their benefits on vascular protection. In addition, it has been demonstrated that exercise training could improve endothelial function by up-regulating endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) protein. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate the effects of genistein, a potent phyto-antioxidant, and exercise training on age-induced endothelial dysfunction in relation to NO bioavailability using in situ NO-sensitive fluorescent dye detection.

Methods: Male Wistar rats (20-22-month old) were divided into four groups: aged rats treated with corn oil, (Aged+Veh, n = 5), aged rats treated with genistein (Aged+Gen, n = 5, (0.25 mg/kg BW/day, s.c.)), aged rats with and without exercise training (Aged+Ex, n = 5, swimming 40 min/day, 5 days/week for 8 weeks) (Aged+Without-Ex, n = 5). Cremaster arterioles (15-35 micrometer) were visualized by fluorescein isothiocyanate labeled dextran (5 microgram/ml). The vascular response to acetylcholine (Ach; 10(-5)M, 5 ml/5 min) was accessed after 1-min norepinephrine preconstriction (10 micro molar). To determine NO bioavailability, the Krebs-Ringer buffer with 4, 5-diaminofluorescein-diacetate (3 micro molar DAF-2DA), and 10 micro- molar Ach saturated with 95%N2 and 5%CO2 were used. Changes of DAF-2T-intensities along the cremaster arterioles were analyzed by the Image Pro-Plus Software (Media Cybernatics, Inc, USA). Liver malondialdehyde (MDA) level was measured by thiobarbituric acid reaction and used as an indicator for oxidative stress.

Results: The results showed that means arterial blood pressure for both Aged+Gen and Aged+Ex groups were significantly reduced when compared to the Aged groups, Aged+Veh and Aged+Without-Ex (P < 0.05). Among the treated groups, Ach-induced vasodilatation were significantly increased (P < 0.05) and was associated with increased NO-associated fluorescent intensities (P < 0.05). On the other hand, MDA levels were significantly reduced (P < 0.05) when Aged+Veh was compared to Aged+Without-Ex.

Conclusion: These findings showed that genistein and exercise training could improve age-induced endothelial dysfunction and is related to the increased NO bioavailability.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus