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Prevalence of multiple chronic conditions in the United States' Medicare population.

Schneider KM, O'Donnell BE, Dean D - Health Qual Life Outcomes (2009)

Bottom Line: The CCW data files have tremendous value for health services research.The longitudinal data and beneficiary linkage within the CCW are features of this data source which make it ideal for further studies regarding disease prevalence and progression over time.As additional years of administrative data are accumulated in the CCW, the expanded history of beneficiary services increases the value of this already rich data source.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Buccaneer Computer Systems and Service Inc,, 1401 50thStreet, Suite 200, West Des Moines, Iowa 50266, USA. kschneider@bcssi.com

ABSTRACT
In 2006, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, which administers the Medicare program in the United States, launched the Chronic Condition Data Warehouse (CCW). The CCW contains all Medicare fee-for-service (FFS) institutional and non-institutional claims, nursing home and home health assessment data, and enrollment/eligibility information from January 1, 1999 forward for a random 5% sample of Medicare beneficiaries (and 100% of the Medicare population from 2000 forward). Twenty-one predefined chronic condition indicator variables are coded within the CCW, to facilitate research on chronic conditions. The current article describes this new data source, and the authors demonstrate the utility of the CCW in describing the extent of chronic disease among Medicare beneficiaries. Medicare claims were analyzed to determine the prevalence, utilization, and Medicare program costs for some common and high cost chronic conditions in the Medicare FFS population in 2005. Chronic conditions explored include diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart failure, cancer, chronic kidney disease (CKD), and depression. Fifty percent of Medicare FFS beneficiaries were receiving care for one or more of these chronic conditions. The highest prevalence is observed for diabetes, with nearly one-fourth of the Medicare FFS study cohort receiving treatment for this condition (24.3 percent). The annual number of inpatient days during 2005 is highest for CKD (9.51 days) and COPD (8.18 days). As the number of chronic conditions increases, the average per beneficiary Medicare payment amount increases dramatically. The annual Medicare payment amounts for a beneficiary with only one of the chronic conditions is $7,172. For those with two conditions, payment jumps to $14,931, and for those with three or more conditions, the annual Medicare payments per beneficiary is $32,498. The CCW data files have tremendous value for health services research. The longitudinal data and beneficiary linkage within the CCW are features of this data source which make it ideal for further studies regarding disease prevalence and progression over time. As additional years of administrative data are accumulated in the CCW, the expanded history of beneficiary services increases the value of this already rich data source.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Utilization Comparison (Odds Ratios) by Setting of Care and Number of Selected Conditions in 2005.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Figure 3: Utilization Comparison (Odds Ratios) by Setting of Care and Number of Selected Conditions in 2005.

Mentions: While Figure 2 allowed for comparison of utilization for beneficiaries with specific conditions, Figure 3 displays the comparison of utilization for beneficiaries with multiple conditions. Figure 3 demonstrates that beneficiaries with any one of the six conditions are 3.1 times more likely to have an inpatient stay (compared to beneficiaries with no condition), and beneficiaries with three or more conditions are 26.9 times more likely to have an inpatient stay. Similar results are demonstrated for SNF stays. For HH visits, the magnitude of utilization differences for those with multiple conditions is somewhat less pronounced, but still dramatic. Beneficiaries with one condition are 2.8 times more likely, and those with three or more conditions are 14.9 times more likely, to have a HH visit than beneficiaries with none of the conditions.


Prevalence of multiple chronic conditions in the United States' Medicare population.

Schneider KM, O'Donnell BE, Dean D - Health Qual Life Outcomes (2009)

Utilization Comparison (Odds Ratios) by Setting of Care and Number of Selected Conditions in 2005.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2748070&req=5

Figure 3: Utilization Comparison (Odds Ratios) by Setting of Care and Number of Selected Conditions in 2005.
Mentions: While Figure 2 allowed for comparison of utilization for beneficiaries with specific conditions, Figure 3 displays the comparison of utilization for beneficiaries with multiple conditions. Figure 3 demonstrates that beneficiaries with any one of the six conditions are 3.1 times more likely to have an inpatient stay (compared to beneficiaries with no condition), and beneficiaries with three or more conditions are 26.9 times more likely to have an inpatient stay. Similar results are demonstrated for SNF stays. For HH visits, the magnitude of utilization differences for those with multiple conditions is somewhat less pronounced, but still dramatic. Beneficiaries with one condition are 2.8 times more likely, and those with three or more conditions are 14.9 times more likely, to have a HH visit than beneficiaries with none of the conditions.

Bottom Line: The CCW data files have tremendous value for health services research.The longitudinal data and beneficiary linkage within the CCW are features of this data source which make it ideal for further studies regarding disease prevalence and progression over time.As additional years of administrative data are accumulated in the CCW, the expanded history of beneficiary services increases the value of this already rich data source.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Buccaneer Computer Systems and Service Inc,, 1401 50thStreet, Suite 200, West Des Moines, Iowa 50266, USA. kschneider@bcssi.com

ABSTRACT
In 2006, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, which administers the Medicare program in the United States, launched the Chronic Condition Data Warehouse (CCW). The CCW contains all Medicare fee-for-service (FFS) institutional and non-institutional claims, nursing home and home health assessment data, and enrollment/eligibility information from January 1, 1999 forward for a random 5% sample of Medicare beneficiaries (and 100% of the Medicare population from 2000 forward). Twenty-one predefined chronic condition indicator variables are coded within the CCW, to facilitate research on chronic conditions. The current article describes this new data source, and the authors demonstrate the utility of the CCW in describing the extent of chronic disease among Medicare beneficiaries. Medicare claims were analyzed to determine the prevalence, utilization, and Medicare program costs for some common and high cost chronic conditions in the Medicare FFS population in 2005. Chronic conditions explored include diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart failure, cancer, chronic kidney disease (CKD), and depression. Fifty percent of Medicare FFS beneficiaries were receiving care for one or more of these chronic conditions. The highest prevalence is observed for diabetes, with nearly one-fourth of the Medicare FFS study cohort receiving treatment for this condition (24.3 percent). The annual number of inpatient days during 2005 is highest for CKD (9.51 days) and COPD (8.18 days). As the number of chronic conditions increases, the average per beneficiary Medicare payment amount increases dramatically. The annual Medicare payment amounts for a beneficiary with only one of the chronic conditions is $7,172. For those with two conditions, payment jumps to $14,931, and for those with three or more conditions, the annual Medicare payments per beneficiary is $32,498. The CCW data files have tremendous value for health services research. The longitudinal data and beneficiary linkage within the CCW are features of this data source which make it ideal for further studies regarding disease prevalence and progression over time. As additional years of administrative data are accumulated in the CCW, the expanded history of beneficiary services increases the value of this already rich data source.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus