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Fetal environment.

Kinare A - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2008)

Bottom Line: These three main components decide whether there will be an uneventful pregnancy and the successful birth of a healthy baby.Population and race also influence pregnancy outcomes to some extent in certain situations.USG is the most sensitive imaging tool currently available for evaluation of these factors and can offer considerable information in this area.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ultrasound, K.E.M. Hospital, Jehangir Hospital, Pune, India.

ABSTRACT
The intrauterine environment has a strong influence on pregnancy outcome. The placenta and the umbilical cord together form the main supply line of the fetus. Amniotic fluid also serves important functions. These three main components decide whether there will be an uneventful pregnancy and the successful birth of a healthy baby. An insult to the intrauterine environment has an impact on the programming of the fetus, which can become evident in later life, mainly in the form of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and certain learning disabilities. The past two decades have witnessed major contributions from researchers in this field, who have included ultrasonologists, epidemiologists, neonatologists, and pediatricians. Besides being responsible for these delayed postnatal effects, abnormalities of the placenta, umbilical cord, and amniotic fluid also have associations with structural and chromosomal disorders. Population and race also influence pregnancy outcomes to some extent in certain situations. USG is the most sensitive imaging tool currently available for evaluation of these factors and can offer considerable information in this area. This article aims at reviewing the USG-related developments in this area and the anatomy, physiology, and various pathologies of the placenta, umbilical cord, and the amniotic fluid.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

A case of significant IUGR detected at 22 weeks. A small but globular anterior placenta (arrow in A) is seen with multiple subamniotic cysts (arrow in B). Multiple anomalies were confirmed at termination)
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Figure 0004: A case of significant IUGR detected at 22 weeks. A small but globular anterior placenta (arrow in A) is seen with multiple subamniotic cysts (arrow in B). Multiple anomalies were confirmed at termination)

Mentions: Placental cysts have a controversial etiology but, in general, the outcome of the pregnancy is normal. They are known by different names, such as chorionic, subchorionic, subamniotic, or membranous cysts [Figure 4]. Only large cysts may have an association with IUGR.[19] Placental cysts may simulate venous lakes [Figure 5]. At increased gain settings one may visualize the flow in the venous lakes.


Fetal environment.

Kinare A - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2008)

A case of significant IUGR detected at 22 weeks. A small but globular anterior placenta (arrow in A) is seen with multiple subamniotic cysts (arrow in B). Multiple anomalies were confirmed at termination)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2747450&req=5

Figure 0004: A case of significant IUGR detected at 22 weeks. A small but globular anterior placenta (arrow in A) is seen with multiple subamniotic cysts (arrow in B). Multiple anomalies were confirmed at termination)
Mentions: Placental cysts have a controversial etiology but, in general, the outcome of the pregnancy is normal. They are known by different names, such as chorionic, subchorionic, subamniotic, or membranous cysts [Figure 4]. Only large cysts may have an association with IUGR.[19] Placental cysts may simulate venous lakes [Figure 5]. At increased gain settings one may visualize the flow in the venous lakes.

Bottom Line: These three main components decide whether there will be an uneventful pregnancy and the successful birth of a healthy baby.Population and race also influence pregnancy outcomes to some extent in certain situations.USG is the most sensitive imaging tool currently available for evaluation of these factors and can offer considerable information in this area.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ultrasound, K.E.M. Hospital, Jehangir Hospital, Pune, India.

ABSTRACT
The intrauterine environment has a strong influence on pregnancy outcome. The placenta and the umbilical cord together form the main supply line of the fetus. Amniotic fluid also serves important functions. These three main components decide whether there will be an uneventful pregnancy and the successful birth of a healthy baby. An insult to the intrauterine environment has an impact on the programming of the fetus, which can become evident in later life, mainly in the form of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and certain learning disabilities. The past two decades have witnessed major contributions from researchers in this field, who have included ultrasonologists, epidemiologists, neonatologists, and pediatricians. Besides being responsible for these delayed postnatal effects, abnormalities of the placenta, umbilical cord, and amniotic fluid also have associations with structural and chromosomal disorders. Population and race also influence pregnancy outcomes to some extent in certain situations. USG is the most sensitive imaging tool currently available for evaluation of these factors and can offer considerable information in this area. This article aims at reviewing the USG-related developments in this area and the anatomy, physiology, and various pathologies of the placenta, umbilical cord, and the amniotic fluid.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus