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Effect of Genistein on vasculogenic mimicry formation by human uveal melanoma cells.

Cong R, Sun Q, Yang L, Gu H, Zeng Y, Wang B - J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res. (2009)

Bottom Line: The ectopic model study showed that VM in tumor tissue sections were significantly reduced by Genistein in vivo.RT-PCR and Western Blot showed that 100 and 200 microM concentration of Genistein could significantly decrease VE-cadherin mRNA and protein expression of C918 cells compared with control (P < 0.05).However, the 25 and 50 microM Genistein slightly decreased the VE-cadherin level in vitro (P > 0.05).

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, PR China. rihong0930@126.com

ABSTRACT

Background: Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) was increasingly recognized as a form of aggressive melanoma acquiring blood supply. Genistein had attracted much attention as a potential anticancer agent. Therefore, we examined the effect of Genistein on VM in human uveal melanoma cells.

Methods: VM structure was detected by periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining for uveal melanoma C918 cells cultured on the three-dimensional type I collagen gels after exposed to Genistein. We used reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western Blot analysis to examine the effect of Genistein on vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin) mRNA and protein expression. The nude mice models of human uveal melanoma C918 cells were established to assess the number of VM using immunohistochemical and PAS double-staining.

Results: Genistein inhibited the survival of C918 cells in vitro. The ectopic model study showed that VM in tumor tissue sections were significantly reduced by Genistein in vivo. In vitro, the VM structure was found in control, 25 and 50 microM Genistein-treatment groups but not in 100 and 200 microM. RT-PCR and Western Blot showed that 100 and 200 microM concentration of Genistein could significantly decrease VE-cadherin mRNA and protein expression of C918 cells compared with control (P < 0.05). However, the 25 and 50 microM Genistein slightly decreased the VE-cadherin level in vitro (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: Genistein inhibits VM formation of uveal melanoma cells in vivo and in vitro. One possible underlying molecular mechanism by which Genistein could inhibit VM formation of uveal melanoma is related to down-regulation of VE-cadherin.

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The effect of Genistein on the vasculogenic mimicry of human uveal melanoma C918 cells on 3-D collagen I cultures. PAS-stained images of C918 cells cultured on three-dimensional collagen I for 48 h in medium with different concentrations of Genistein. (A) control; (B) 25 μM Genistein; (C) 50 μM Genistein; (D) 100 μM Genistein; (E) 200 μM Genistein. At treatment groups with 25 μM and 50 μM concentrations of Genistein, C918 cells formed fewer VM matrix-association channels than do control. However, the groups treated with higher concentrations of Genistein (100 and 200 μM) did not form the VM channels. (Magnification: × 200)
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Figure 3: The effect of Genistein on the vasculogenic mimicry of human uveal melanoma C918 cells on 3-D collagen I cultures. PAS-stained images of C918 cells cultured on three-dimensional collagen I for 48 h in medium with different concentrations of Genistein. (A) control; (B) 25 μM Genistein; (C) 50 μM Genistein; (D) 100 μM Genistein; (E) 200 μM Genistein. At treatment groups with 25 μM and 50 μM concentrations of Genistein, C918 cells formed fewer VM matrix-association channels than do control. However, the groups treated with higher concentrations of Genistein (100 and 200 μM) did not form the VM channels. (Magnification: × 200)

Mentions: After 48 h exposure to different concentrations Genistein, the ability of C918 melanoma cells to form VM channels was investigated using PAS staining (Figure 3). At the 25 μM and 50 μM of Genistein treatment groups, C918 cells formed fewer VM matrix-association channels than control. However, the groups treated with higher concentrations of Genistein (100 and 200 μM) did not form the VM channels.


Effect of Genistein on vasculogenic mimicry formation by human uveal melanoma cells.

Cong R, Sun Q, Yang L, Gu H, Zeng Y, Wang B - J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res. (2009)

The effect of Genistein on the vasculogenic mimicry of human uveal melanoma C918 cells on 3-D collagen I cultures. PAS-stained images of C918 cells cultured on three-dimensional collagen I for 48 h in medium with different concentrations of Genistein. (A) control; (B) 25 μM Genistein; (C) 50 μM Genistein; (D) 100 μM Genistein; (E) 200 μM Genistein. At treatment groups with 25 μM and 50 μM concentrations of Genistein, C918 cells formed fewer VM matrix-association channels than do control. However, the groups treated with higher concentrations of Genistein (100 and 200 μM) did not form the VM channels. (Magnification: × 200)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2743660&req=5

Figure 3: The effect of Genistein on the vasculogenic mimicry of human uveal melanoma C918 cells on 3-D collagen I cultures. PAS-stained images of C918 cells cultured on three-dimensional collagen I for 48 h in medium with different concentrations of Genistein. (A) control; (B) 25 μM Genistein; (C) 50 μM Genistein; (D) 100 μM Genistein; (E) 200 μM Genistein. At treatment groups with 25 μM and 50 μM concentrations of Genistein, C918 cells formed fewer VM matrix-association channels than do control. However, the groups treated with higher concentrations of Genistein (100 and 200 μM) did not form the VM channels. (Magnification: × 200)
Mentions: After 48 h exposure to different concentrations Genistein, the ability of C918 melanoma cells to form VM channels was investigated using PAS staining (Figure 3). At the 25 μM and 50 μM of Genistein treatment groups, C918 cells formed fewer VM matrix-association channels than control. However, the groups treated with higher concentrations of Genistein (100 and 200 μM) did not form the VM channels.

Bottom Line: The ectopic model study showed that VM in tumor tissue sections were significantly reduced by Genistein in vivo.RT-PCR and Western Blot showed that 100 and 200 microM concentration of Genistein could significantly decrease VE-cadherin mRNA and protein expression of C918 cells compared with control (P < 0.05).However, the 25 and 50 microM Genistein slightly decreased the VE-cadherin level in vitro (P > 0.05).

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, PR China. rihong0930@126.com

ABSTRACT

Background: Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) was increasingly recognized as a form of aggressive melanoma acquiring blood supply. Genistein had attracted much attention as a potential anticancer agent. Therefore, we examined the effect of Genistein on VM in human uveal melanoma cells.

Methods: VM structure was detected by periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining for uveal melanoma C918 cells cultured on the three-dimensional type I collagen gels after exposed to Genistein. We used reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western Blot analysis to examine the effect of Genistein on vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin) mRNA and protein expression. The nude mice models of human uveal melanoma C918 cells were established to assess the number of VM using immunohistochemical and PAS double-staining.

Results: Genistein inhibited the survival of C918 cells in vitro. The ectopic model study showed that VM in tumor tissue sections were significantly reduced by Genistein in vivo. In vitro, the VM structure was found in control, 25 and 50 microM Genistein-treatment groups but not in 100 and 200 microM. RT-PCR and Western Blot showed that 100 and 200 microM concentration of Genistein could significantly decrease VE-cadherin mRNA and protein expression of C918 cells compared with control (P < 0.05). However, the 25 and 50 microM Genistein slightly decreased the VE-cadherin level in vitro (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: Genistein inhibits VM formation of uveal melanoma cells in vivo and in vitro. One possible underlying molecular mechanism by which Genistein could inhibit VM formation of uveal melanoma is related to down-regulation of VE-cadherin.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus