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Oesophageal cancer incidence in the United States by race, sex, and histologic type, 1977-2005.

Cook MB, Chow WH, Devesa SS - Br. J. Cancer (2009)

Bottom Line: Oesophageal SCC rates have been decreasing among virtually all racial/ethnic groups; rates among Hispanic and Asian/Pacific Islander men have been intermediate to those of Blacks and Whites, with rates among women being lower than those among Blacks or Whites.The ADC rates among Hispanic men may be rising, akin to the historical trends among Whites and Blacks.These observations may provide clues for aetiological research.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, Department of Health and Human Services, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20852-7234, USA. cookmich@mail.nih.gov

ABSTRACT

Background: In the United States, the rates and temporal trends of oesophageal cancer overall and for the two predominant histologic types - adenocarcinoma (ADC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) - differ between Blacks and Whites, but little is known with regard to the patterns among Asians/Pacific Islanders or Hispanics.

Methods: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results programme data, we analysed oesophageal cancer incidence patterns by race, sex, and histologic type for the period 1977-2005.

Results: Total oesophageal cancer incidence has been increasing among Whites only; the rates among all other race groups have declined. Moreover, rates among White men surpassed those among Blacks in 2004. Oesophageal SCC rates have been decreasing among virtually all racial/ethnic groups; rates among Hispanic and Asian/Pacific Islander men have been intermediate to those of Blacks and Whites, with rates among women being lower than those among Blacks or Whites. The ADC rates among Hispanic men may be rising, akin to the historical trends among Whites and Blacks. The sex ratios for these cancers also varied markedly.

Conclusions: These observations may provide clues for aetiological research.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Oesophageal cancer incidence trends by histologic type, sex, and racial/ethnic group (SEER 9 and SEER 13). Rates are per 100 000 person-years, age-adjusted using US 2000 standard population data. ‘Whites' refers to the rates for total Whites extracted from SEER 9. ‘Hispanics' refers to the rates for Hispanics (Whites only) extracted from SEER 13.
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fig1: Oesophageal cancer incidence trends by histologic type, sex, and racial/ethnic group (SEER 9 and SEER 13). Rates are per 100 000 person-years, age-adjusted using US 2000 standard population data. ‘Whites' refers to the rates for total Whites extracted from SEER 9. ‘Hispanics' refers to the rates for Hispanics (Whites only) extracted from SEER 13.

Mentions: Among men, total oesophageal cancer rates have been decreasing among Blacks since the mid-1980s and rising consistently among Whites, such that the Black–White IRR declined from 3.8 during the late 1970s to 1.1 during 2002–05 (Figure 1). In fact, the overall rates among Whites have been higher since 2004, with rates of 9.1 and 8.3 per 100 000 person-years in 2004–05 compared with 8.8 and 7.9 among Blacks (data not tabulated). Overall rates have also been declining among Hispanics and Asians/Pacific Islanders. Rates among Whites (non-Hispanics) were virtually identical to those among total Whites and those among American Indians/Alaska Natives were based on small numbers; thus, neither race/ethnicity is shown in the figure.


Oesophageal cancer incidence in the United States by race, sex, and histologic type, 1977-2005.

Cook MB, Chow WH, Devesa SS - Br. J. Cancer (2009)

Oesophageal cancer incidence trends by histologic type, sex, and racial/ethnic group (SEER 9 and SEER 13). Rates are per 100 000 person-years, age-adjusted using US 2000 standard population data. ‘Whites' refers to the rates for total Whites extracted from SEER 9. ‘Hispanics' refers to the rates for Hispanics (Whites only) extracted from SEER 13.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2736840&req=5

fig1: Oesophageal cancer incidence trends by histologic type, sex, and racial/ethnic group (SEER 9 and SEER 13). Rates are per 100 000 person-years, age-adjusted using US 2000 standard population data. ‘Whites' refers to the rates for total Whites extracted from SEER 9. ‘Hispanics' refers to the rates for Hispanics (Whites only) extracted from SEER 13.
Mentions: Among men, total oesophageal cancer rates have been decreasing among Blacks since the mid-1980s and rising consistently among Whites, such that the Black–White IRR declined from 3.8 during the late 1970s to 1.1 during 2002–05 (Figure 1). In fact, the overall rates among Whites have been higher since 2004, with rates of 9.1 and 8.3 per 100 000 person-years in 2004–05 compared with 8.8 and 7.9 among Blacks (data not tabulated). Overall rates have also been declining among Hispanics and Asians/Pacific Islanders. Rates among Whites (non-Hispanics) were virtually identical to those among total Whites and those among American Indians/Alaska Natives were based on small numbers; thus, neither race/ethnicity is shown in the figure.

Bottom Line: Oesophageal SCC rates have been decreasing among virtually all racial/ethnic groups; rates among Hispanic and Asian/Pacific Islander men have been intermediate to those of Blacks and Whites, with rates among women being lower than those among Blacks or Whites.The ADC rates among Hispanic men may be rising, akin to the historical trends among Whites and Blacks.These observations may provide clues for aetiological research.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, Department of Health and Human Services, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20852-7234, USA. cookmich@mail.nih.gov

ABSTRACT

Background: In the United States, the rates and temporal trends of oesophageal cancer overall and for the two predominant histologic types - adenocarcinoma (ADC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) - differ between Blacks and Whites, but little is known with regard to the patterns among Asians/Pacific Islanders or Hispanics.

Methods: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results programme data, we analysed oesophageal cancer incidence patterns by race, sex, and histologic type for the period 1977-2005.

Results: Total oesophageal cancer incidence has been increasing among Whites only; the rates among all other race groups have declined. Moreover, rates among White men surpassed those among Blacks in 2004. Oesophageal SCC rates have been decreasing among virtually all racial/ethnic groups; rates among Hispanic and Asian/Pacific Islander men have been intermediate to those of Blacks and Whites, with rates among women being lower than those among Blacks or Whites. The ADC rates among Hispanic men may be rising, akin to the historical trends among Whites and Blacks. The sex ratios for these cancers also varied markedly.

Conclusions: These observations may provide clues for aetiological research.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus