Limits...
A role of BRCA1 and BRCA2 germline mutations in breast cancer susceptibility within Sardinian population.

Palomba G, Loi A, Uras A, Fancello P, Piras G, Gabbas A, Cossu A, Budroni M, Contu A, Tanda F, Farris A, OrrĂ¹ S, Floris C, Pisano M, Lovicu M, Santona MC, Landriscina G, Crisponi L, Palmieri G, Monne M - BMC Cancer (2009)

Bottom Line: Association of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutational status with clinical and pathological parameters was evaluated by Pearson's Chi-Squared test.The geographical distribution of BRCA1-2 mutations was related to three specific large areas of Sardinia, reflecting its ancient history: a) the Northern area, linguistically different from the rest of the island (where a BRCA2 c.8764_8765delAG mutation with founder effect was predominant); b) the Middle area, land of the ancient Sardinian population (where BRCA2 mutations are still more common than BRCA1 mutations); and c) the South-Western area, with many Phoenician and Carthaginian locations (where BRCA1 mutations are prevalent).We also found that phenotypic features such as high tumor grading and lack of expression of estrogen/progesterone receptors together with age at diagnosis and presence of ovarian cancer in the family may be predictive for the presence of BRCA1-2 germline mutations.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Istituto Chimica Biomolecolare-CNR, Trav. La Crucca - Baldinca Li Punti, 07100 Sassari, Italy. graziap68@yahoo.it

ABSTRACT

Background: In recent years, numerous studies have assessed the prevalence of germline mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes in various cohorts. We here extensively investigated the prevalence and geographical distribution of BRCA1-2 mutations in the entire genetically-homogeneous Sardinian population. The occurrence of phenotypic characteristics which may be predictive for the presence of BRCA1-2 germline mutations was also evaluated.

Methods: Three hundred and forty-eight breast cancer patients presenting a familial recurrence of invasive breast or ovarian carcinoma with at least two affected family members were screened for BRCA1-2 mutations by DHPLC analysis and DNA sequencing. Association of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutational status with clinical and pathological parameters was evaluated by Pearson's Chi-Squared test.

Results and conclusion: Overall, 8 BRCA1 and 5 BRCA2 deleterious mutations were detected in 35/348 (10%) families; majority (23/35;66%) of mutations was found in BRCA2 gene. The geographical distribution of BRCA1-2 mutations was related to three specific large areas of Sardinia, reflecting its ancient history: a) the Northern area, linguistically different from the rest of the island (where a BRCA2 c.8764_8765delAG mutation with founder effect was predominant); b) the Middle area, land of the ancient Sardinian population (where BRCA2 mutations are still more common than BRCA1 mutations); and c) the South-Western area, with many Phoenician and Carthaginian locations (where BRCA1 mutations are prevalent). We also found that phenotypic features such as high tumor grading and lack of expression of estrogen/progesterone receptors together with age at diagnosis and presence of ovarian cancer in the family may be predictive for the presence of BRCA1-2 germline mutations.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Geographical distribution of BRCA1-2 mutations carriers in Sardinia. Symbols indicate villages of origin for the patients presenting deleterious germline mutations in either BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes: "green square" BRCA1 c.300 T>G; green circle BRCA1 c.916_917delTT; "green triangle" BRCA1 c.1099_1100delCA; "green arrow" BRCA1c.1499insA; "green heart"BRCA1 c.1632 A>T; "green diamond" BRCA1 c.1638 A>T;"green clubs" BRCA1 c.3823_3826delACAA; "green spades" BRCA1 c.4575delA; "blue square" BRCA2 c.3950_3952delTAGinsAT; "blue triangle" BRCA2 c.6586 C>G; "blue circle" BRCA2 c.6023_6024delTA; "blue arrow" BRCA2 c.8764_8765delAG; "blue heart"BRCA2 c.8559+1G>T. Dashed lines delimit the three geographical regions reported in the text.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2724545&req=5

Figure 1: Geographical distribution of BRCA1-2 mutations carriers in Sardinia. Symbols indicate villages of origin for the patients presenting deleterious germline mutations in either BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes: "green square" BRCA1 c.300 T>G; green circle BRCA1 c.916_917delTT; "green triangle" BRCA1 c.1099_1100delCA; "green arrow" BRCA1c.1499insA; "green heart"BRCA1 c.1632 A>T; "green diamond" BRCA1 c.1638 A>T;"green clubs" BRCA1 c.3823_3826delACAA; "green spades" BRCA1 c.4575delA; "blue square" BRCA2 c.3950_3952delTAGinsAT; "blue triangle" BRCA2 c.6586 C>G; "blue circle" BRCA2 c.6023_6024delTA; "blue arrow" BRCA2 c.8764_8765delAG; "blue heart"BRCA2 c.8559+1G>T. Dashed lines delimit the three geographical regions reported in the text.

Mentions: The geographical origin of the families positive for deleterious BRCA1-2 mutations is shown in Figure 1. The BRCA1 variants occurred in families originating from different areas of the island: 7 probands from the South, 2 from the Middle (BRCA1 c.3823_3826delACAA, BRCA1 c.300 T>G) and 1 from the North (BRCA1 c.1632 A>T). Carriers of the BRCA1 c.916_917delTT mutation were identified in three unrelated families from the South area. The BRCA2 c.8764_8765delAG and BRCA2 c.3950_3952delTAGinsAT variants were found in probands from the North and Middle Sardinia, whereas the remaining BRCA2 variants were detected in single families from the Central-East coast and South.


A role of BRCA1 and BRCA2 germline mutations in breast cancer susceptibility within Sardinian population.

Palomba G, Loi A, Uras A, Fancello P, Piras G, Gabbas A, Cossu A, Budroni M, Contu A, Tanda F, Farris A, OrrĂ¹ S, Floris C, Pisano M, Lovicu M, Santona MC, Landriscina G, Crisponi L, Palmieri G, Monne M - BMC Cancer (2009)

Geographical distribution of BRCA1-2 mutations carriers in Sardinia. Symbols indicate villages of origin for the patients presenting deleterious germline mutations in either BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes: "green square" BRCA1 c.300 T>G; green circle BRCA1 c.916_917delTT; "green triangle" BRCA1 c.1099_1100delCA; "green arrow" BRCA1c.1499insA; "green heart"BRCA1 c.1632 A>T; "green diamond" BRCA1 c.1638 A>T;"green clubs" BRCA1 c.3823_3826delACAA; "green spades" BRCA1 c.4575delA; "blue square" BRCA2 c.3950_3952delTAGinsAT; "blue triangle" BRCA2 c.6586 C>G; "blue circle" BRCA2 c.6023_6024delTA; "blue arrow" BRCA2 c.8764_8765delAG; "blue heart"BRCA2 c.8559+1G>T. Dashed lines delimit the three geographical regions reported in the text.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2724545&req=5

Figure 1: Geographical distribution of BRCA1-2 mutations carriers in Sardinia. Symbols indicate villages of origin for the patients presenting deleterious germline mutations in either BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes: "green square" BRCA1 c.300 T>G; green circle BRCA1 c.916_917delTT; "green triangle" BRCA1 c.1099_1100delCA; "green arrow" BRCA1c.1499insA; "green heart"BRCA1 c.1632 A>T; "green diamond" BRCA1 c.1638 A>T;"green clubs" BRCA1 c.3823_3826delACAA; "green spades" BRCA1 c.4575delA; "blue square" BRCA2 c.3950_3952delTAGinsAT; "blue triangle" BRCA2 c.6586 C>G; "blue circle" BRCA2 c.6023_6024delTA; "blue arrow" BRCA2 c.8764_8765delAG; "blue heart"BRCA2 c.8559+1G>T. Dashed lines delimit the three geographical regions reported in the text.
Mentions: The geographical origin of the families positive for deleterious BRCA1-2 mutations is shown in Figure 1. The BRCA1 variants occurred in families originating from different areas of the island: 7 probands from the South, 2 from the Middle (BRCA1 c.3823_3826delACAA, BRCA1 c.300 T>G) and 1 from the North (BRCA1 c.1632 A>T). Carriers of the BRCA1 c.916_917delTT mutation were identified in three unrelated families from the South area. The BRCA2 c.8764_8765delAG and BRCA2 c.3950_3952delTAGinsAT variants were found in probands from the North and Middle Sardinia, whereas the remaining BRCA2 variants were detected in single families from the Central-East coast and South.

Bottom Line: Association of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutational status with clinical and pathological parameters was evaluated by Pearson's Chi-Squared test.The geographical distribution of BRCA1-2 mutations was related to three specific large areas of Sardinia, reflecting its ancient history: a) the Northern area, linguistically different from the rest of the island (where a BRCA2 c.8764_8765delAG mutation with founder effect was predominant); b) the Middle area, land of the ancient Sardinian population (where BRCA2 mutations are still more common than BRCA1 mutations); and c) the South-Western area, with many Phoenician and Carthaginian locations (where BRCA1 mutations are prevalent).We also found that phenotypic features such as high tumor grading and lack of expression of estrogen/progesterone receptors together with age at diagnosis and presence of ovarian cancer in the family may be predictive for the presence of BRCA1-2 germline mutations.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Istituto Chimica Biomolecolare-CNR, Trav. La Crucca - Baldinca Li Punti, 07100 Sassari, Italy. graziap68@yahoo.it

ABSTRACT

Background: In recent years, numerous studies have assessed the prevalence of germline mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes in various cohorts. We here extensively investigated the prevalence and geographical distribution of BRCA1-2 mutations in the entire genetically-homogeneous Sardinian population. The occurrence of phenotypic characteristics which may be predictive for the presence of BRCA1-2 germline mutations was also evaluated.

Methods: Three hundred and forty-eight breast cancer patients presenting a familial recurrence of invasive breast or ovarian carcinoma with at least two affected family members were screened for BRCA1-2 mutations by DHPLC analysis and DNA sequencing. Association of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutational status with clinical and pathological parameters was evaluated by Pearson's Chi-Squared test.

Results and conclusion: Overall, 8 BRCA1 and 5 BRCA2 deleterious mutations were detected in 35/348 (10%) families; majority (23/35;66%) of mutations was found in BRCA2 gene. The geographical distribution of BRCA1-2 mutations was related to three specific large areas of Sardinia, reflecting its ancient history: a) the Northern area, linguistically different from the rest of the island (where a BRCA2 c.8764_8765delAG mutation with founder effect was predominant); b) the Middle area, land of the ancient Sardinian population (where BRCA2 mutations are still more common than BRCA1 mutations); and c) the South-Western area, with many Phoenician and Carthaginian locations (where BRCA1 mutations are prevalent). We also found that phenotypic features such as high tumor grading and lack of expression of estrogen/progesterone receptors together with age at diagnosis and presence of ovarian cancer in the family may be predictive for the presence of BRCA1-2 germline mutations.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus