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Causes of blindness in rural Myanmar (Burma): Mount Popa Taung-Kalat Blindness Prevention Project.

Nemet AY, Nemet P, Cohn G, Sutton G, Sutton G, Rawson R - Clin Ophthalmol (2009)

Bottom Line: The leading causes of VI/SVI/BL were cataract with 288 cases (54.2%), glaucoma with 84 cases (15.8%), and corneal pathology with 78 cases (14.7%).Of all the VI/SVI/BL cases, 8.4% were preventable, 81.9% were treatable, and total of 90.5% were avoidable.These results highlight the lack of basic ophthalmologist eye care and optician resources in rural regions in Myanmar.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, Sydney Hospital and Sydney Eye Hospital, Sydney, Australia. nemet.arik@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study is a review of the major causes of visual impairment (VI) and severe visual impairment/blindness (SVI/BL) in Mount Popa Taung-Kalat, a rural region in Myanmar (Burma).

Methods: A review of our clinical records of consecutive patients attending clinics was conducted. Participants of all ages (n = 650) of the population of Mount Popa Taung-Kalat and villages in its vicinity underwent ophthalmic interview and a detailed dilated ocular evaluation by trained Australian ophthalmologists and ophthalmic nurses. This evaluation included anterior segment examination with a slit lamp, intraocular pressure recording, and direct or indirect ophthalmoscopy. VI and SVI/BL were defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria.

Results: Six hundred fifty subjects were screened, with a mean age of 49.0 +/- 20.6 years (range, 1-99). One hundred five patients (16.2%) were children (ages 1-18). Five hundred thirty-one eyes of the total 1,300 eyes (39.5%) had VI/SVI/BL, and 40 eyes of the children (38.1%) (average age 15.3 +/- 13.3) had VI/SVI/BL. The leading causes of VI/SVI/BL were cataract with 288 cases (54.2%), glaucoma with 84 cases (15.8%), and corneal pathology with 78 cases (14.7%). Of all the VI/SVI/BL cases, 8.4% were preventable, 81.9% were treatable, and total of 90.5% were avoidable.

Conclusions: In the current study, cataracts were the major cause of blindness and visual impairment, and most of the ophthalmic pathology causing blindness is avoidable. These results highlight the lack of basic ophthalmologist eye care and optician resources in rural regions in Myanmar.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

A 18-year-old male with left microphthalmus related to congenital rubella infection.
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f8-opth-3-413: A 18-year-old male with left microphthalmus related to congenital rubella infection.


Causes of blindness in rural Myanmar (Burma): Mount Popa Taung-Kalat Blindness Prevention Project.

Nemet AY, Nemet P, Cohn G, Sutton G, Sutton G, Rawson R - Clin Ophthalmol (2009)

A 18-year-old male with left microphthalmus related to congenital rubella infection.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2724031&req=5

f8-opth-3-413: A 18-year-old male with left microphthalmus related to congenital rubella infection.
Bottom Line: The leading causes of VI/SVI/BL were cataract with 288 cases (54.2%), glaucoma with 84 cases (15.8%), and corneal pathology with 78 cases (14.7%).Of all the VI/SVI/BL cases, 8.4% were preventable, 81.9% were treatable, and total of 90.5% were avoidable.These results highlight the lack of basic ophthalmologist eye care and optician resources in rural regions in Myanmar.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, Sydney Hospital and Sydney Eye Hospital, Sydney, Australia. nemet.arik@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study is a review of the major causes of visual impairment (VI) and severe visual impairment/blindness (SVI/BL) in Mount Popa Taung-Kalat, a rural region in Myanmar (Burma).

Methods: A review of our clinical records of consecutive patients attending clinics was conducted. Participants of all ages (n = 650) of the population of Mount Popa Taung-Kalat and villages in its vicinity underwent ophthalmic interview and a detailed dilated ocular evaluation by trained Australian ophthalmologists and ophthalmic nurses. This evaluation included anterior segment examination with a slit lamp, intraocular pressure recording, and direct or indirect ophthalmoscopy. VI and SVI/BL were defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria.

Results: Six hundred fifty subjects were screened, with a mean age of 49.0 +/- 20.6 years (range, 1-99). One hundred five patients (16.2%) were children (ages 1-18). Five hundred thirty-one eyes of the total 1,300 eyes (39.5%) had VI/SVI/BL, and 40 eyes of the children (38.1%) (average age 15.3 +/- 13.3) had VI/SVI/BL. The leading causes of VI/SVI/BL were cataract with 288 cases (54.2%), glaucoma with 84 cases (15.8%), and corneal pathology with 78 cases (14.7%). Of all the VI/SVI/BL cases, 8.4% were preventable, 81.9% were treatable, and total of 90.5% were avoidable.

Conclusions: In the current study, cataracts were the major cause of blindness and visual impairment, and most of the ophthalmic pathology causing blindness is avoidable. These results highlight the lack of basic ophthalmologist eye care and optician resources in rural regions in Myanmar.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus