Limits...
Functional significance of the hemadsorption activity of influenza virus neuraminidase and its alteration in pandemic viruses.

Uhlendorff J, Matrosovich T, Klenk HD, Matrosovich M - Arch. Virol. (2009)

Bottom Line: Each substitution abolished hemadsorption activity.Although, there was no correlation between hemadsorption activity of the NA variants and their enzymatic activity with respect to monovalent substrates, all four hemadsorption-negative NAs desialylated macromolecular substrates significantly slower than did the hemadsorption-positive counterpart.Our data indicate that the hemadsorption site serves to enhance the catalytic efficiency of NA and they suggest that, in addition to changes in the receptor-binding specificity of the hemagglutinin, alterations of the NA are needed for the emergence of pandemic influenza viruses.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Virology, Philipps University, Hans-Meerwein-Str.2, 35043, Marburg, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Human influenza viruses derive their genes from avian viruses. The neuraminidase (NA) of the avian viruses has, in addition to the catalytic site, a separate sialic acid binding site (hemadsorption site) that is not present in human viruses. The biological significance of the NA hemadsorption activity in avian influenza viruses remained elusive. A sequence database analysis revealed that the NAs of the majority of human H2N2 viruses isolated during the influenza pandemic of 1957 differ from their putative avian precursor by amino acid substitutions in the hemadsorption site. We found that the NA of a representative pandemic virus A/Singapore/1/57 (H2N2) lacks hemadsorption activity and that a single reversion to the avian-virus-like sequence (N367S) restores hemadsorption. Using this hemadsorption-positive NA, we generated three NA variants with substitutions S370L, N400S and W403R that have been found in the hemadsorption site of human H2N2 viruses. Each substitution abolished hemadsorption activity. Although, there was no correlation between hemadsorption activity of the NA variants and their enzymatic activity with respect to monovalent substrates, all four hemadsorption-negative NAs desialylated macromolecular substrates significantly slower than did the hemadsorption-positive counterpart. The NA of the 1918 pandemic virus A/Brevig Mission/1/18 (H1N1) also differed from avian N1 NAs by reduced hemadsorption activity and less efficient hydrolysis of macromolecular substrates. Our data indicate that the hemadsorption site serves to enhance the catalytic efficiency of NA and they suggest that, in addition to changes in the receptor-binding specificity of the hemagglutinin, alterations of the NA are needed for the emergence of pandemic influenza viruses.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Comparison of the structures of the NA hemadsorption site of the N9 NA with bound sialic acid [48] and of the HA receptor-binding site of A/duck/Ukraine/63 (H3N8) with bound Neu5Acα2-3Gal disaccharide [15]. The ligands are shown as stick models. Hemadsorption site (yellow) and receptor-binding site (green) are superimposed over the bound sialic acid residues. Positions of peptide loops forming the sites are indicated
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2691527&req=5

Fig5: Comparison of the structures of the NA hemadsorption site of the N9 NA with bound sialic acid [48] and of the HA receptor-binding site of A/duck/Ukraine/63 (H3N8) with bound Neu5Acα2-3Gal disaccharide [15]. The ligands are shown as stick models. Hemadsorption site (yellow) and receptor-binding site (green) are superimposed over the bound sialic acid residues. Positions of peptide loops forming the sites are indicated

Mentions: Hemadsorption site of the NA and its alteration in the H2N2 pandemic viruses. a Molecular surface of N9 NA tetramer with sialic acids bound to the catalytic (green) and hemadsorption (yellow) sites (1MWE, [48]). b Positions of the three peptide loops forming the hemadsorption site are indicated. The side chains of amino acids contacting sialic acid are shown and labelled using the N2 numbering system. The carbon atoms of the protein and sialic acid are coloured yellow and grey, respectively. Nitrogens are blue and oxygens are red. Dashed lines depict polar contacts. The models in Figs. 1 and 5 were generated using DeLano Scientific PyMOL release 0.99 (DeLano, W.L. The PyMOL Molecular Graphics System, http://pymol.sourceforge.net). c Amino acid substitutions in the NA hemadsorption site of human viruses with respect to the closely related avian virus A/Duck/Hong Kong/7/75 (H3N2). All non-redundant NA sequences of H2N2 viruses from 1957 to 1958 and few representative sequences of the viruses isolated after 1958 are shown. Amino acids contacting sialic acid in the hemadsorption site are highlighted. The minimum evolution phylogenetic tree was build for nucleotide sequences using MEGA4 software [44]


Functional significance of the hemadsorption activity of influenza virus neuraminidase and its alteration in pandemic viruses.

Uhlendorff J, Matrosovich T, Klenk HD, Matrosovich M - Arch. Virol. (2009)

Comparison of the structures of the NA hemadsorption site of the N9 NA with bound sialic acid [48] and of the HA receptor-binding site of A/duck/Ukraine/63 (H3N8) with bound Neu5Acα2-3Gal disaccharide [15]. The ligands are shown as stick models. Hemadsorption site (yellow) and receptor-binding site (green) are superimposed over the bound sialic acid residues. Positions of peptide loops forming the sites are indicated
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2691527&req=5

Fig5: Comparison of the structures of the NA hemadsorption site of the N9 NA with bound sialic acid [48] and of the HA receptor-binding site of A/duck/Ukraine/63 (H3N8) with bound Neu5Acα2-3Gal disaccharide [15]. The ligands are shown as stick models. Hemadsorption site (yellow) and receptor-binding site (green) are superimposed over the bound sialic acid residues. Positions of peptide loops forming the sites are indicated
Mentions: Hemadsorption site of the NA and its alteration in the H2N2 pandemic viruses. a Molecular surface of N9 NA tetramer with sialic acids bound to the catalytic (green) and hemadsorption (yellow) sites (1MWE, [48]). b Positions of the three peptide loops forming the hemadsorption site are indicated. The side chains of amino acids contacting sialic acid are shown and labelled using the N2 numbering system. The carbon atoms of the protein and sialic acid are coloured yellow and grey, respectively. Nitrogens are blue and oxygens are red. Dashed lines depict polar contacts. The models in Figs. 1 and 5 were generated using DeLano Scientific PyMOL release 0.99 (DeLano, W.L. The PyMOL Molecular Graphics System, http://pymol.sourceforge.net). c Amino acid substitutions in the NA hemadsorption site of human viruses with respect to the closely related avian virus A/Duck/Hong Kong/7/75 (H3N2). All non-redundant NA sequences of H2N2 viruses from 1957 to 1958 and few representative sequences of the viruses isolated after 1958 are shown. Amino acids contacting sialic acid in the hemadsorption site are highlighted. The minimum evolution phylogenetic tree was build for nucleotide sequences using MEGA4 software [44]

Bottom Line: Each substitution abolished hemadsorption activity.Although, there was no correlation between hemadsorption activity of the NA variants and their enzymatic activity with respect to monovalent substrates, all four hemadsorption-negative NAs desialylated macromolecular substrates significantly slower than did the hemadsorption-positive counterpart.Our data indicate that the hemadsorption site serves to enhance the catalytic efficiency of NA and they suggest that, in addition to changes in the receptor-binding specificity of the hemagglutinin, alterations of the NA are needed for the emergence of pandemic influenza viruses.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Virology, Philipps University, Hans-Meerwein-Str.2, 35043, Marburg, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Human influenza viruses derive their genes from avian viruses. The neuraminidase (NA) of the avian viruses has, in addition to the catalytic site, a separate sialic acid binding site (hemadsorption site) that is not present in human viruses. The biological significance of the NA hemadsorption activity in avian influenza viruses remained elusive. A sequence database analysis revealed that the NAs of the majority of human H2N2 viruses isolated during the influenza pandemic of 1957 differ from their putative avian precursor by amino acid substitutions in the hemadsorption site. We found that the NA of a representative pandemic virus A/Singapore/1/57 (H2N2) lacks hemadsorption activity and that a single reversion to the avian-virus-like sequence (N367S) restores hemadsorption. Using this hemadsorption-positive NA, we generated three NA variants with substitutions S370L, N400S and W403R that have been found in the hemadsorption site of human H2N2 viruses. Each substitution abolished hemadsorption activity. Although, there was no correlation between hemadsorption activity of the NA variants and their enzymatic activity with respect to monovalent substrates, all four hemadsorption-negative NAs desialylated macromolecular substrates significantly slower than did the hemadsorption-positive counterpart. The NA of the 1918 pandemic virus A/Brevig Mission/1/18 (H1N1) also differed from avian N1 NAs by reduced hemadsorption activity and less efficient hydrolysis of macromolecular substrates. Our data indicate that the hemadsorption site serves to enhance the catalytic efficiency of NA and they suggest that, in addition to changes in the receptor-binding specificity of the hemagglutinin, alterations of the NA are needed for the emergence of pandemic influenza viruses.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus