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Disability evaluation in Japan.

Suzuki T - J. Korean Med. Sci. (2009)

Bottom Line: All data were analyzed based on the classification of disabilities and the effects of age-appropriate welfare services, which have been developed through a half-century of legislative efforts to support disability evaluation.These data suggest that disability evaluation, while essentially affected by age and impairment factors at a minimum, was impacted more by the assistive environment for disabilities.The assistive environment was found to be closely linked with the welfare support system related to a global assessment in the field of community-based rehabilitation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Osaka Prefecture General Medical Center, Rehabilitation Center for Disabled Persons, Osaka, Japan. tsunehiko@gh.opho.jp

ABSTRACT
To examine the current state and social ramifications of disability evaluation in Japan, public data from Annual Reports on Health and Welfare 1998-1999 were investigated. All data were analyzed based on the classification of disabilities and the effects of age-appropriate welfare services, which have been developed through a half-century of legislative efforts to support disability evaluation. These data suggest that disability evaluation, while essentially affected by age and impairment factors at a minimum, was impacted more by the assistive environment for disabilities. The assistive environment was found to be closely linked with the welfare support system related to a global assessment in the field of community-based rehabilitation.

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Framework of CBR (rehabilitation resource+system).
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Figure 4: Framework of CBR (rehabilitation resource+system).

Mentions: The results of this study, as provided in detail in the appendices to this report, are summarized as follows. Recent trends in the last 10 yr suggest a sharp rise in physical disabilities and internal disorders among the elderly (Table 1, 2). Data on children by type (Table 3) and age (Table 4) shows an increase in the rate of internal disorders and young children with physical disabilities. Data on the overall number of people with disabilities (Table 5) reveals that 28.5% of patients in health care facilities have mental retardation, whereas only 5% have physical disabilities. Data suggesting bigger future problems for the elderly are also presented in Fig. 2 and Table 6 and 7. Finally, the Japanese definition of CBR is presented in Fig. 3, with a framework of CBR shown in Fig. 4.


Disability evaluation in Japan.

Suzuki T - J. Korean Med. Sci. (2009)

Framework of CBR (rehabilitation resource+system).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2690075&req=5

Figure 4: Framework of CBR (rehabilitation resource+system).
Mentions: The results of this study, as provided in detail in the appendices to this report, are summarized as follows. Recent trends in the last 10 yr suggest a sharp rise in physical disabilities and internal disorders among the elderly (Table 1, 2). Data on children by type (Table 3) and age (Table 4) shows an increase in the rate of internal disorders and young children with physical disabilities. Data on the overall number of people with disabilities (Table 5) reveals that 28.5% of patients in health care facilities have mental retardation, whereas only 5% have physical disabilities. Data suggesting bigger future problems for the elderly are also presented in Fig. 2 and Table 6 and 7. Finally, the Japanese definition of CBR is presented in Fig. 3, with a framework of CBR shown in Fig. 4.

Bottom Line: All data were analyzed based on the classification of disabilities and the effects of age-appropriate welfare services, which have been developed through a half-century of legislative efforts to support disability evaluation.These data suggest that disability evaluation, while essentially affected by age and impairment factors at a minimum, was impacted more by the assistive environment for disabilities.The assistive environment was found to be closely linked with the welfare support system related to a global assessment in the field of community-based rehabilitation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Osaka Prefecture General Medical Center, Rehabilitation Center for Disabled Persons, Osaka, Japan. tsunehiko@gh.opho.jp

ABSTRACT
To examine the current state and social ramifications of disability evaluation in Japan, public data from Annual Reports on Health and Welfare 1998-1999 were investigated. All data were analyzed based on the classification of disabilities and the effects of age-appropriate welfare services, which have been developed through a half-century of legislative efforts to support disability evaluation. These data suggest that disability evaluation, while essentially affected by age and impairment factors at a minimum, was impacted more by the assistive environment for disabilities. The assistive environment was found to be closely linked with the welfare support system related to a global assessment in the field of community-based rehabilitation.

Show MeSH