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Blindness and cataract in children in developing countries.

Gogate P, Muhit M - Community Eye Health (2009)

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Affiliation: Head, Department of Paediatric Ophthalmology, Community Eye Care, HV Desai Eye Hospital, Pune 411 028, India. Email: parikshitgogate@hotmail.com.

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Blindness in children is considered a priority area for VISION 2020, as visually impaired children have a lifetime of blindness ahead of them... Various studies across the globe show that one-third to half of childhood blindness is either preventable or treatable and that cataract is the leading treatable cause of blindness in children... In many communities, blind children are hidden because of stigma... Methods used for identifying blind children generally target specific locations where children may be found, in order to increase the chances of finding blind children... In densely populated Bangladesh, where community network structures are well developed, the key informant approach has shown that there are thousands of children with unoperated cataracts... This approach has also been successful in countries that are less densely populated, such as Ghana and Malawi... The key informant method provides a way to conduct large-scale population-based studies on childhood blindness in resource-poor countries, in order to obtain valid data on prevalence and causes, which can then be used to plan programmes and policies... This method is quick, cost-effective, and involves community participation... Speakers presented a selection of pilot or established programmes in Latin America and Asia... Vision screening in children is gaining popularity in many low- and middle-income countries, although there is very limited data available on its effectiveness and impact... During the pilot project, 5,673 children were screened by nurses and schoolteachers, 376 of whom were then referred to an optometrist; 96 required and received new spectacles... A year later, the follow-up study retraced 51 of those 96 children on a randomly selected day and found that only ten were wearing their spectacles... Deepti Bajaj presented the childhood blindness programme in India which was initiated by ORBIS to support the Indian government's goal to create 50 paediatric eye care centres by 2010... Strategies included: creating a child-friendly environment in eye care facilities, training paediatric eye care teams, supplying appropriate technology and essential equipment for paediatric eye care, empowering local communities in case detection, and educating parents on childhood eye diseases and their prevention... We now need to use the expertise and knowledge gained to develop larger and better programmes to achieve the target of VISION 2020, which is to halve the prevalence of childhood blindness and to eliminate cataract blindness in children.

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Blindness and cataract in children in developing countries.

Gogate P, Muhit M - Community Eye Health (2009)

© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2683553&req=5

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Head, Department of Paediatric Ophthalmology, Community Eye Care, HV Desai Eye Hospital, Pune 411 028, India. Email: parikshitgogate@hotmail.com.

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

Blindness in children is considered a priority area for VISION 2020, as visually impaired children have a lifetime of blindness ahead of them... Various studies across the globe show that one-third to half of childhood blindness is either preventable or treatable and that cataract is the leading treatable cause of blindness in children... In many communities, blind children are hidden because of stigma... Methods used for identifying blind children generally target specific locations where children may be found, in order to increase the chances of finding blind children... In densely populated Bangladesh, where community network structures are well developed, the key informant approach has shown that there are thousands of children with unoperated cataracts... This approach has also been successful in countries that are less densely populated, such as Ghana and Malawi... The key informant method provides a way to conduct large-scale population-based studies on childhood blindness in resource-poor countries, in order to obtain valid data on prevalence and causes, which can then be used to plan programmes and policies... This method is quick, cost-effective, and involves community participation... Speakers presented a selection of pilot or established programmes in Latin America and Asia... Vision screening in children is gaining popularity in many low- and middle-income countries, although there is very limited data available on its effectiveness and impact... During the pilot project, 5,673 children were screened by nurses and schoolteachers, 376 of whom were then referred to an optometrist; 96 required and received new spectacles... A year later, the follow-up study retraced 51 of those 96 children on a randomly selected day and found that only ten were wearing their spectacles... Deepti Bajaj presented the childhood blindness programme in India which was initiated by ORBIS to support the Indian government's goal to create 50 paediatric eye care centres by 2010... Strategies included: creating a child-friendly environment in eye care facilities, training paediatric eye care teams, supplying appropriate technology and essential equipment for paediatric eye care, empowering local communities in case detection, and educating parents on childhood eye diseases and their prevention... We now need to use the expertise and knowledge gained to develop larger and better programmes to achieve the target of VISION 2020, which is to halve the prevalence of childhood blindness and to eliminate cataract blindness in children.

No MeSH data available.