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N- and C-terminal domains of the calcium binding protein EhCaBP1 of the parasite Entamoeba histolytica display distinct functions.

Jain R, Kumar S, Gourinath S, Bhattacharya S, Bhattacharya A - PLoS ONE (2009)

Bottom Line: The results suggest that the N-terminal domain retains some of the properties, such as localization in phagocytic cups and activation of kinase.The C-terminal domain did not show any of the activities tested.The results suggest that the two domains of EhCaBP1 are functionally and structurally different from each other.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.

ABSTRACT
Entamoeba histolytica, a protozoan parasite, is the causative agent of amoebiasis, and calcium signaling is thought to be involved in amoebic pathogenesis. EhCaBP1, a Ca(2+) binding protein of E. histolytica, is essential for parasite growth. High resolution crystal structure of EhCaBP1 suggested an unusual arrangement of the EF-hand domains in the N-terminal part of the structure, while C-terminal part of the protein was not traced. The structure revealed a trimer with amino terminal domains of the three molecules interacting in a head-to-tail manner forming an assembled domain at the interface with EF1 and EF2 motifs of different molecules coming close to each other. In order to understand the specific roles of the two domains of EhCaBP1, the molecule was divided into two halves, and each half was separately expressed. The domains were characterized with respect to their structure, as well as specific functional features, such as ability to activate kinase and bind actin. The domains were also expressed in E. histolytica cells along with green fluorescent protein. The results suggest that the N-terminal domain retains some of the properties, such as localization in phagocytic cups and activation of kinase. Crystal structure of EhCaBP1 with Phenylalanine revealed that the assembled domains, which are similar to Calmodulin N-terminal domain, bind to Phenylalanine revealing the binding mode to the target proteins. The C-terminal domain did not show any of the activities tested. However, over-expression in amebic cells led to a dominant negative phenotype. The results suggest that the two domains of EhCaBP1 are functionally and structurally different from each other. Both the domains are required for structural stability and full range of functional diversity.

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Actin binding properties of EhCaBP1 domains.The ability of the domains to bind G-actin is tested using solid phase assay at different concentrations (5 and 10 µM). The histogram shows the relative mean intensity ±s.d. of three independent experiments.
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pone-0005269-g004: Actin binding properties of EhCaBP1 domains.The ability of the domains to bind G-actin is tested using solid phase assay at different concentrations (5 and 10 µM). The histogram shows the relative mean intensity ±s.d. of three independent experiments.

Mentions: Since EhCaBP1 has been shown to bind G actin directly each domain was also tested separately for their ability to bind G-actin using a solid phase assay [8]. The results showed no significant binding for either of the domains, suggesting that G-actin binding requires intact protein (Figure 4).


N- and C-terminal domains of the calcium binding protein EhCaBP1 of the parasite Entamoeba histolytica display distinct functions.

Jain R, Kumar S, Gourinath S, Bhattacharya S, Bhattacharya A - PLoS ONE (2009)

Actin binding properties of EhCaBP1 domains.The ability of the domains to bind G-actin is tested using solid phase assay at different concentrations (5 and 10 µM). The histogram shows the relative mean intensity ±s.d. of three independent experiments.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2668073&req=5

pone-0005269-g004: Actin binding properties of EhCaBP1 domains.The ability of the domains to bind G-actin is tested using solid phase assay at different concentrations (5 and 10 µM). The histogram shows the relative mean intensity ±s.d. of three independent experiments.
Mentions: Since EhCaBP1 has been shown to bind G actin directly each domain was also tested separately for their ability to bind G-actin using a solid phase assay [8]. The results showed no significant binding for either of the domains, suggesting that G-actin binding requires intact protein (Figure 4).

Bottom Line: The results suggest that the N-terminal domain retains some of the properties, such as localization in phagocytic cups and activation of kinase.The C-terminal domain did not show any of the activities tested.The results suggest that the two domains of EhCaBP1 are functionally and structurally different from each other.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.

ABSTRACT
Entamoeba histolytica, a protozoan parasite, is the causative agent of amoebiasis, and calcium signaling is thought to be involved in amoebic pathogenesis. EhCaBP1, a Ca(2+) binding protein of E. histolytica, is essential for parasite growth. High resolution crystal structure of EhCaBP1 suggested an unusual arrangement of the EF-hand domains in the N-terminal part of the structure, while C-terminal part of the protein was not traced. The structure revealed a trimer with amino terminal domains of the three molecules interacting in a head-to-tail manner forming an assembled domain at the interface with EF1 and EF2 motifs of different molecules coming close to each other. In order to understand the specific roles of the two domains of EhCaBP1, the molecule was divided into two halves, and each half was separately expressed. The domains were characterized with respect to their structure, as well as specific functional features, such as ability to activate kinase and bind actin. The domains were also expressed in E. histolytica cells along with green fluorescent protein. The results suggest that the N-terminal domain retains some of the properties, such as localization in phagocytic cups and activation of kinase. Crystal structure of EhCaBP1 with Phenylalanine revealed that the assembled domains, which are similar to Calmodulin N-terminal domain, bind to Phenylalanine revealing the binding mode to the target proteins. The C-terminal domain did not show any of the activities tested. However, over-expression in amebic cells led to a dominant negative phenotype. The results suggest that the two domains of EhCaBP1 are functionally and structurally different from each other. Both the domains are required for structural stability and full range of functional diversity.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus