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Comparison of transaxial source images and 3-plane, thin-slab maximal intensity projection images for the diagnosis of coronary artery stenosis with using ECG-gated cardiac CT.

Choi JW, Seo JB, Do KH, Choi SI, Lee W, Ko SM, Lee SH, Lee JS, Song JW, Song KS, Lim TH - Korean J Radiol (2006 Jan-Mar)

Bottom Line: There was no statistical difference in the area under the ROC curve between transaxial images and MIP images for the detection of HSS (0.8375 and 0.8708, respectively; p > 0.05).The mean reading time for the transaxial source images and the MIP images was 116 and 126.5 minutes, respectively.The diagnostic performance of the MIP images for detecting HSS of the coronary arteries is acceptable and this technique's ability to detect HSS is comparable to that of the transaxial source images.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objective: We wanted to compare the transaxial source images with the optimized three plane, thin-slab maximum intensity projection (MIP) images from electrocardiographic (ECG)-gated cardiac CT for their ability to detect hemodynamically significant stenosis (HSS), and we did this by means of performing a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis.

Materials and methods: Twenty-eight patients with a heart rate less than 66 beats per minute and who were undergoing both retrospective ECG-gated cardiac CT and conventional coronary angiography were included in this study. The contrast-enhanced CT scans were obtained with a collimation of 16 x 0.75-mm and a rotation time of 420 msec. The transaxial images were reconstructed at the mid-diastolic phase with a 1-mm slice thickness and a 0.5-mm increment. Using the transaxial images, the slab MIP images were created with a 4-mm thickness and a 2-mm increment, and they covered the entire heart in the horizontal long axis (4 chamber view), in the vertical long axis (2 chamber view) and in the short axis. The transaxial images and MIP images were independently evaluated for their ability to detect HSS. Conventional coronary angiograms of the same study group served as the standard of reference. Four radiologists were requested to rank each image with using a five-point scale (1 = definitely negative, 2 = probably negative, 3 = indeterminate, 4 = probably positive, and 5 = definitely positive) for the presence of HSS; the data were then interpreted using ROC analysis.

Results: There was no statistical difference in the area under the ROC curve between transaxial images and MIP images for the detection of HSS (0.8375 and 0.8708, respectively; p > 0.05). The mean reading time for the transaxial source images and the MIP images was 116 and 126.5 minutes, respectively.

Conclusion: The diagnostic performance of the MIP images for detecting HSS of the coronary arteries is acceptable and this technique's ability to detect HSS is comparable to that of the transaxial source images.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Schematic diagram of the range of parallel thin-slab maximum intensity projections arranged in a horizontal long axis (4 chamber view, A), vertical long axis (2 chamber view, B), and short axis of the heart (C).
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Figure 1: Schematic diagram of the range of parallel thin-slab maximum intensity projections arranged in a horizontal long axis (4 chamber view, A), vertical long axis (2 chamber view, B), and short axis of the heart (C).

Mentions: The post-processing was performed on a commercially available workstation (Wizard; Siemens) and all of it was done by one radiologist (J.B.S.). We created three planes of parallel 4-mm, thin-slab, MIP images (Figs. 1, 2) at 2-mm increments to cover the entire heart in the horizontal long axis (4 chamber view) from the superior surface to the diaphragmatic surface of the left ventricle, in the vertical long axis (2 chamber view) from the left ventricle to the right ventricle, and in the short axis of the heart across the atrioventricular groove (10). All the transaxial and MIP images were displayed on a 512×512 matrix. All the images were sent to a picture archiving and communication system (PACS).


Comparison of transaxial source images and 3-plane, thin-slab maximal intensity projection images for the diagnosis of coronary artery stenosis with using ECG-gated cardiac CT.

Choi JW, Seo JB, Do KH, Choi SI, Lee W, Ko SM, Lee SH, Lee JS, Song JW, Song KS, Lim TH - Korean J Radiol (2006 Jan-Mar)

Schematic diagram of the range of parallel thin-slab maximum intensity projections arranged in a horizontal long axis (4 chamber view, A), vertical long axis (2 chamber view, B), and short axis of the heart (C).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2667573&req=5

Figure 1: Schematic diagram of the range of parallel thin-slab maximum intensity projections arranged in a horizontal long axis (4 chamber view, A), vertical long axis (2 chamber view, B), and short axis of the heart (C).
Mentions: The post-processing was performed on a commercially available workstation (Wizard; Siemens) and all of it was done by one radiologist (J.B.S.). We created three planes of parallel 4-mm, thin-slab, MIP images (Figs. 1, 2) at 2-mm increments to cover the entire heart in the horizontal long axis (4 chamber view) from the superior surface to the diaphragmatic surface of the left ventricle, in the vertical long axis (2 chamber view) from the left ventricle to the right ventricle, and in the short axis of the heart across the atrioventricular groove (10). All the transaxial and MIP images were displayed on a 512×512 matrix. All the images were sent to a picture archiving and communication system (PACS).

Bottom Line: There was no statistical difference in the area under the ROC curve between transaxial images and MIP images for the detection of HSS (0.8375 and 0.8708, respectively; p > 0.05).The mean reading time for the transaxial source images and the MIP images was 116 and 126.5 minutes, respectively.The diagnostic performance of the MIP images for detecting HSS of the coronary arteries is acceptable and this technique's ability to detect HSS is comparable to that of the transaxial source images.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objective: We wanted to compare the transaxial source images with the optimized three plane, thin-slab maximum intensity projection (MIP) images from electrocardiographic (ECG)-gated cardiac CT for their ability to detect hemodynamically significant stenosis (HSS), and we did this by means of performing a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis.

Materials and methods: Twenty-eight patients with a heart rate less than 66 beats per minute and who were undergoing both retrospective ECG-gated cardiac CT and conventional coronary angiography were included in this study. The contrast-enhanced CT scans were obtained with a collimation of 16 x 0.75-mm and a rotation time of 420 msec. The transaxial images were reconstructed at the mid-diastolic phase with a 1-mm slice thickness and a 0.5-mm increment. Using the transaxial images, the slab MIP images were created with a 4-mm thickness and a 2-mm increment, and they covered the entire heart in the horizontal long axis (4 chamber view), in the vertical long axis (2 chamber view) and in the short axis. The transaxial images and MIP images were independently evaluated for their ability to detect HSS. Conventional coronary angiograms of the same study group served as the standard of reference. Four radiologists were requested to rank each image with using a five-point scale (1 = definitely negative, 2 = probably negative, 3 = indeterminate, 4 = probably positive, and 5 = definitely positive) for the presence of HSS; the data were then interpreted using ROC analysis.

Results: There was no statistical difference in the area under the ROC curve between transaxial images and MIP images for the detection of HSS (0.8375 and 0.8708, respectively; p > 0.05). The mean reading time for the transaxial source images and the MIP images was 116 and 126.5 minutes, respectively.

Conclusion: The diagnostic performance of the MIP images for detecting HSS of the coronary arteries is acceptable and this technique's ability to detect HSS is comparable to that of the transaxial source images.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus