Limits...
Sexual violence in the protracted conflict of DRC programming for rape survivors in South Kivu.

Steiner B, Benner MT, Sondorp E, Schmitz KP, Mesmer U, Rosenberger S - Confl Health (2009)

Bottom Line: Malteser International registered 20,517 female rape survivors in the three year period 2005-2007.Humanitarian programming in this field is challenging due to the multiple needs of rape survivors.The easily accessible, integrated medical and psycho-social care that the programme offered apparently responded to the needs of many rape survivors in this area.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Independent Researcher, Krefeld, Germany. steiner.birthe@gmx.de

ABSTRACT

Background: Despite international acknowledgement of the linkages between sexual violence and conflict, reliable data on its prevalence, the circumstances, characteristics of perpetrators, and physical or mental health impacts is rare. Among the conflicts that have been associated with widespread sexual violence has been the one in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

Methods: From 2003 till to date Malteser International has run a medico-social support programme for rape survivors in South Kivu province, DRC. In the context of this programme, a host of data was collected. We present these data and discuss the findings within the frame of available literature.

Results: Malteser International registered 20,517 female rape survivors in the three year period 2005-2007. Women of all ages have been targeted by sexual violence and only few of those - and many of them only after several years - sought medical care and psychological help. Sexual violence in the DRC frequently led to social, especially familial, exclusion. Members of military and paramilitary groups were identified as the main perpetrators of sexual violence.

Conclusion: We have documented that in the DRC conflict sexual violence has been - and continues to be - highly prevalent in a wide area in the East of the country. Humanitarian programming in this field is challenging due to the multiple needs of rape survivors. The easily accessible, integrated medical and psycho-social care that the programme offered apparently responded to the needs of many rape survivors in this area.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Time between rape and medical attendance, October-December 2005.
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Figure 2: Time between rape and medical attendance, October-December 2005.

Mentions: For October-December 2005 we found details on the time between rape and medical attendance, showing that few women sought medical care within the first month, even less within the "critical" 72 hours after the incident (see figure 2). More than one third of patients had been sexually violated one year or longer ago. For the years 2006 and 2007 we only have the percentage of women that sought care within 72 hours (see table 4).


Sexual violence in the protracted conflict of DRC programming for rape survivors in South Kivu.

Steiner B, Benner MT, Sondorp E, Schmitz KP, Mesmer U, Rosenberger S - Confl Health (2009)

Time between rape and medical attendance, October-December 2005.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2667421&req=5

Figure 2: Time between rape and medical attendance, October-December 2005.
Mentions: For October-December 2005 we found details on the time between rape and medical attendance, showing that few women sought medical care within the first month, even less within the "critical" 72 hours after the incident (see figure 2). More than one third of patients had been sexually violated one year or longer ago. For the years 2006 and 2007 we only have the percentage of women that sought care within 72 hours (see table 4).

Bottom Line: Malteser International registered 20,517 female rape survivors in the three year period 2005-2007.Humanitarian programming in this field is challenging due to the multiple needs of rape survivors.The easily accessible, integrated medical and psycho-social care that the programme offered apparently responded to the needs of many rape survivors in this area.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Independent Researcher, Krefeld, Germany. steiner.birthe@gmx.de

ABSTRACT

Background: Despite international acknowledgement of the linkages between sexual violence and conflict, reliable data on its prevalence, the circumstances, characteristics of perpetrators, and physical or mental health impacts is rare. Among the conflicts that have been associated with widespread sexual violence has been the one in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

Methods: From 2003 till to date Malteser International has run a medico-social support programme for rape survivors in South Kivu province, DRC. In the context of this programme, a host of data was collected. We present these data and discuss the findings within the frame of available literature.

Results: Malteser International registered 20,517 female rape survivors in the three year period 2005-2007. Women of all ages have been targeted by sexual violence and only few of those - and many of them only after several years - sought medical care and psychological help. Sexual violence in the DRC frequently led to social, especially familial, exclusion. Members of military and paramilitary groups were identified as the main perpetrators of sexual violence.

Conclusion: We have documented that in the DRC conflict sexual violence has been - and continues to be - highly prevalent in a wide area in the East of the country. Humanitarian programming in this field is challenging due to the multiple needs of rape survivors. The easily accessible, integrated medical and psycho-social care that the programme offered apparently responded to the needs of many rape survivors in this area.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus