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Self-reported smoking cessation activities among Swiss primary care physicians.

Jacot Sadowski I, Ruffieux C, Cornuz J - BMC Fam Pract (2009)

Bottom Line: Multivariable logistic analysis was performed to identify factors associated with a good practice score, defined as >or= 2.Having attended a smoking cessation-training program was the only significant predictor of a good practice score (odds ratio: 6.24, 95% CI 1.95-20.04).However, there is room for improvement and implementing an evidence-based smoking cessation-training program could provide additional benefit.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ambulatory Care and Community Medicine, University of Lausanne, Switzerland. Isabelle.Jacot-Sadowski@chuv.ch

ABSTRACT

Background: Individual counselling, pharmacotherapy, and group therapy are evidence-based interventions that help patients stop smoking. Acupuncture, hypnosis, and relaxation have no demonstrated efficacy on smoking cessation, whereas self-help material may only have a small benefit. The purpose of this study is to assess physicians' current clinical practice regarding smokers motivated to stop smoking.

Methods: The survey included 3385 Swiss primary care physicians. Self-reported use of nine smoking cessation interventions was scored. One point was given for each positive answer about practicing interventions with demonstrated efficacy, i.e. nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion, counselling, group therapy, and smoking cessation specialist. No points were given for the recommendation of acupuncture, hypnosis, relaxation, and self-help material. Multivariable logistic analysis was performed to identify factors associated with a good practice score, defined as >or= 2.

Results: The response rate was 55%. Respondents were predominately over the age of 40 years (88%), male (79%), and resided in urban areas (74%). Seventeen percent reported being smokers. Most of the physicians prescribed nicotine replacement therapy (84%), bupropion (65%), or provided counselling (70%). A minority of physicians recommended acupuncture (26%), hypnosis (8%), relaxation (7%), or self-help material (24%). A good practice score was obtained by 85% of respondents. Having attended a smoking cessation-training program was the only significant predictor of a good practice score (odds ratio: 6.24, 95% CI 1.95-20.04).

Conclusion: The majority of respondents practice recommended smoking cessation interventions. However, there is room for improvement and implementing an evidence-based smoking cessation-training program could provide additional benefit.

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Distribution of smoking cessation clinical practice scores of Swiss physicians (n = 1853).
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Figure 1: Distribution of smoking cessation clinical practice scores of Swiss physicians (n = 1853).

Mentions: Using the formulas described in the Methods section, 85% of physicians (n = 1581) had a "good" score on tobacco cessation practices (Figure 1).


Self-reported smoking cessation activities among Swiss primary care physicians.

Jacot Sadowski I, Ruffieux C, Cornuz J - BMC Fam Pract (2009)

Distribution of smoking cessation clinical practice scores of Swiss physicians (n = 1853).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2667163&req=5

Figure 1: Distribution of smoking cessation clinical practice scores of Swiss physicians (n = 1853).
Mentions: Using the formulas described in the Methods section, 85% of physicians (n = 1581) had a "good" score on tobacco cessation practices (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: Multivariable logistic analysis was performed to identify factors associated with a good practice score, defined as >or= 2.Having attended a smoking cessation-training program was the only significant predictor of a good practice score (odds ratio: 6.24, 95% CI 1.95-20.04).However, there is room for improvement and implementing an evidence-based smoking cessation-training program could provide additional benefit.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ambulatory Care and Community Medicine, University of Lausanne, Switzerland. Isabelle.Jacot-Sadowski@chuv.ch

ABSTRACT

Background: Individual counselling, pharmacotherapy, and group therapy are evidence-based interventions that help patients stop smoking. Acupuncture, hypnosis, and relaxation have no demonstrated efficacy on smoking cessation, whereas self-help material may only have a small benefit. The purpose of this study is to assess physicians' current clinical practice regarding smokers motivated to stop smoking.

Methods: The survey included 3385 Swiss primary care physicians. Self-reported use of nine smoking cessation interventions was scored. One point was given for each positive answer about practicing interventions with demonstrated efficacy, i.e. nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion, counselling, group therapy, and smoking cessation specialist. No points were given for the recommendation of acupuncture, hypnosis, relaxation, and self-help material. Multivariable logistic analysis was performed to identify factors associated with a good practice score, defined as >or= 2.

Results: The response rate was 55%. Respondents were predominately over the age of 40 years (88%), male (79%), and resided in urban areas (74%). Seventeen percent reported being smokers. Most of the physicians prescribed nicotine replacement therapy (84%), bupropion (65%), or provided counselling (70%). A minority of physicians recommended acupuncture (26%), hypnosis (8%), relaxation (7%), or self-help material (24%). A good practice score was obtained by 85% of respondents. Having attended a smoking cessation-training program was the only significant predictor of a good practice score (odds ratio: 6.24, 95% CI 1.95-20.04).

Conclusion: The majority of respondents practice recommended smoking cessation interventions. However, there is room for improvement and implementing an evidence-based smoking cessation-training program could provide additional benefit.

Show MeSH