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Loss of AND-34/BCAR3 expression in mice results in rupture of the adult lens.

Near RI, Smith RS, Toselli PA, Freddo TF, Bloom AB, Vanden Borre P, Seldin DC, Lerner A - Mol. Vis. (2009)

Bottom Line: We sought to establish the effects of the loss of AND-34 expression in a mammalian organism.A small percentage of AND-34(-/-) mice show distinctive small white eye lesions resulting from the migration of ruptured cortical lens tissue into the anterior chamber.Basal levels of p130Cas phosphorylation were higher in AND-34(+/+) than in AND-34(-/-) lens epithelium.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA 2118, USA.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: AND-34/BCAR3 (Breast Cancer Anti-Estrogen Resistance 3) associates with the focal adhesion adaptor protein, p130CAS/BCAR1. Expression of AND-34 regulates epithelial cell growth pattern, motility, and growth factor dependence. We sought to establish the effects of the loss of AND-34 expression in a mammalian organism.

Methods: AND-34(-/-) mice were generated by homologous recombination. Histopathology, in situ hybridization, and western blotting were performed on murine tissues.

Results: Western analyses confirmed total loss of expression in AND-34(-/-) splenic lymphocytes. Mice lacking AND-34 are fertile and have normal longevity. While AND-34 is widely expressed in wild type mice, histologic analysis of multiple organs in AND-34(-/-) mice is unremarkable and analyses of lymphocyte development show no overt changes. A small percentage of AND-34(-/-) mice show distinctive small white eye lesions resulting from the migration of ruptured cortical lens tissue into the anterior chamber. Following initial vacuolization and liquefaction of the lens cortex first observed at postnatal day three, posterior lens rupture occurs in all AND-34(-/-) mice, beginning as early as three weeks and seen in all mice at three months. Western blot analysis and in situ hybridization confirmed the presence of AND-34 RNA and protein in lens epithelial cells, particularly at the lens equator. Prior data link AND-34 expression to the activation of Akt signaling. While Akt Ser 473 phosphorylation was readily detectable in AND-34(+/+) lens epithelial cells, it was markedly reduced in the AND-34(-/-) lens epithelium. Basal levels of p130Cas phosphorylation were higher in AND-34(+/+) than in AND-34(-/-) lens epithelium.

Conclusions: These results demonstrate the loss of AND-34 dysregulates focal adhesion complex signaling in lens epithelial cells and suggest that AND-34-mediated signaling is required for maintenance of the structural integrity of the adult ocular lens.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Expression of AND-34 transcript in lens tissue. Eyes from AND-34+/+ mice (two months old) were fixed and probed with sense or antisense hybridization probes for AND-34 transcripts. Expression of AND-34 was detected by the antisense probe in the lens epithelial cells at the lens equator (lower panels) but was not reproducibly observed in the anterior epithelial cells (upper panels).
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f8: Expression of AND-34 transcript in lens tissue. Eyes from AND-34+/+ mice (two months old) were fixed and probed with sense or antisense hybridization probes for AND-34 transcripts. Expression of AND-34 was detected by the antisense probe in the lens epithelial cells at the lens equator (lower panels) but was not reproducibly observed in the anterior epithelial cells (upper panels).

Mentions: To characterize the role of AND-34 in the aberrant lens phenotype, lens tissue was examined for the presence of AND-34 transcript by in situ hybridization. AND-34 transcript expression was detected in lens epithelial cells, predominantly at the equatorial region where such epithelial cells are known to proliferate, migrate centrally, and differentiate into cortical lens fiber cells (Figure 8). In contrast to the lens epithelium, only the earliest nucleated cortical fiber cells demonstrated hybridization with the AND-34 antisense riboprobe. The lack of AND-34 transcript in the central lens fiber cells is not surprising as deep cortical lens fiber cells coincidentally lose both their nuclei and endoplasmic reticulum and therefore cannot transcribe RNA [25].


Loss of AND-34/BCAR3 expression in mice results in rupture of the adult lens.

Near RI, Smith RS, Toselli PA, Freddo TF, Bloom AB, Vanden Borre P, Seldin DC, Lerner A - Mol. Vis. (2009)

Expression of AND-34 transcript in lens tissue. Eyes from AND-34+/+ mice (two months old) were fixed and probed with sense or antisense hybridization probes for AND-34 transcripts. Expression of AND-34 was detected by the antisense probe in the lens epithelial cells at the lens equator (lower panels) but was not reproducibly observed in the anterior epithelial cells (upper panels).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2666772&req=5

f8: Expression of AND-34 transcript in lens tissue. Eyes from AND-34+/+ mice (two months old) were fixed and probed with sense or antisense hybridization probes for AND-34 transcripts. Expression of AND-34 was detected by the antisense probe in the lens epithelial cells at the lens equator (lower panels) but was not reproducibly observed in the anterior epithelial cells (upper panels).
Mentions: To characterize the role of AND-34 in the aberrant lens phenotype, lens tissue was examined for the presence of AND-34 transcript by in situ hybridization. AND-34 transcript expression was detected in lens epithelial cells, predominantly at the equatorial region where such epithelial cells are known to proliferate, migrate centrally, and differentiate into cortical lens fiber cells (Figure 8). In contrast to the lens epithelium, only the earliest nucleated cortical fiber cells demonstrated hybridization with the AND-34 antisense riboprobe. The lack of AND-34 transcript in the central lens fiber cells is not surprising as deep cortical lens fiber cells coincidentally lose both their nuclei and endoplasmic reticulum and therefore cannot transcribe RNA [25].

Bottom Line: We sought to establish the effects of the loss of AND-34 expression in a mammalian organism.A small percentage of AND-34(-/-) mice show distinctive small white eye lesions resulting from the migration of ruptured cortical lens tissue into the anterior chamber.Basal levels of p130Cas phosphorylation were higher in AND-34(+/+) than in AND-34(-/-) lens epithelium.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA 2118, USA.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: AND-34/BCAR3 (Breast Cancer Anti-Estrogen Resistance 3) associates with the focal adhesion adaptor protein, p130CAS/BCAR1. Expression of AND-34 regulates epithelial cell growth pattern, motility, and growth factor dependence. We sought to establish the effects of the loss of AND-34 expression in a mammalian organism.

Methods: AND-34(-/-) mice were generated by homologous recombination. Histopathology, in situ hybridization, and western blotting were performed on murine tissues.

Results: Western analyses confirmed total loss of expression in AND-34(-/-) splenic lymphocytes. Mice lacking AND-34 are fertile and have normal longevity. While AND-34 is widely expressed in wild type mice, histologic analysis of multiple organs in AND-34(-/-) mice is unremarkable and analyses of lymphocyte development show no overt changes. A small percentage of AND-34(-/-) mice show distinctive small white eye lesions resulting from the migration of ruptured cortical lens tissue into the anterior chamber. Following initial vacuolization and liquefaction of the lens cortex first observed at postnatal day three, posterior lens rupture occurs in all AND-34(-/-) mice, beginning as early as three weeks and seen in all mice at three months. Western blot analysis and in situ hybridization confirmed the presence of AND-34 RNA and protein in lens epithelial cells, particularly at the lens equator. Prior data link AND-34 expression to the activation of Akt signaling. While Akt Ser 473 phosphorylation was readily detectable in AND-34(+/+) lens epithelial cells, it was markedly reduced in the AND-34(-/-) lens epithelium. Basal levels of p130Cas phosphorylation were higher in AND-34(+/+) than in AND-34(-/-) lens epithelium.

Conclusions: These results demonstrate the loss of AND-34 dysregulates focal adhesion complex signaling in lens epithelial cells and suggest that AND-34-mediated signaling is required for maintenance of the structural integrity of the adult ocular lens.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus