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The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in elderly cardiology patients with mild excessive iodine intake in the urban area of São Paulo.

Duarte GC, Tomimori EK, Camargo RY, Rubio IG, Wajngarten M, Rodrigues AG, Knobel M, Medeiros-Neto G - Clinics (Sao Paulo) (2009)

Bottom Line: Hyperthyroidism (overt and subclinical) was present in 29 patients (6.5%), whereas hypothyroidism (overt and subclinical) was found in 32 individuals (8.1%).The serum TSH increased with age and was significantly higher (p= <0.01) in patients, compared to the normal control group.Elderly patients have a higher prevalence of both hypo- and hyperthyroidism as well as thyroid nodules when compared with the general population.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Thyroid Unit, Division of Endocrinology, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in elderly cardiac patients in an outpatient setting.

Subjects and methods: A total of 399 consecutive patients (268 women, age range 60-92 years) who were followed at Heart Institute were evaluated for thyroid dysfunction with serum free T4, TSH, anti-Peroxidase antibodies, urinary iodine excretion measurements and thyroid ultrasound.

Results: Hyperthyroidism (overt and subclinical) was present in 29 patients (6.5%), whereas hypothyroidism (overt and subclinical) was found in 32 individuals (8.1%). Cysts were detected in 11 patients (2.8%), single nodules were detected in 102 (25.6%), and multinodular goiters were detected in 34 (8.5%). Hashimoto's thyroiditis was present in 16.8% patients, most of whom were women (83.6%). The serum TSH increased with age and was significantly higher (p= <0.01) in patients, compared to the normal control group. No significant differences in serum TSH and free T4 values were observed when patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) where compared with those without arrhythmia. The median urinary iodine levels were 210 microg/L (40-856 microg/L), and iodine levels were higher in men than in women (p<0.01). Excessive iodine intake (urinary iodine >300 microg/L) was observed in one-third of patients (30.8%).

Conclusions: Elderly patients have a higher prevalence of both hypo- and hyperthyroidism as well as thyroid nodules when compared with the general population. About one-third of the older patients had elevated urinary secretion of iodine and a higher prevalence of chronic Hashimoto's thyroiditis. It is recommended that ultrasonographic studies, tests for thyroid function and autoimmunity should be evaluated in elderly patients.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution of iodine concentration in the studied population. The median urinary excretion was 210 μg/L. Note that one-third of the subjects had an excessive iodine excretion (>300 μg/L)
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f3-11-oa-0181: Distribution of iodine concentration in the studied population. The median urinary excretion was 210 μg/L. Note that one-third of the subjects had an excessive iodine excretion (>300 μg/L)

Mentions: The urinary iodine concentration of the studied population is shown in Figure 3. In 13 of the patients (3.3%), urinary iodine levels were below 100 μg/L, whereas in 116 patients (30.8%), the values were above 300 μg/L. Overall, the studied population had a median urinary iodine excretion of 210 μg/L (range 40–856 μg/L). Male subjects presented with a mean urinary iodine concentration that was significantly higher than women (279.0 ± 142.0 μg/L versus 243.0 ± 130.0 μg/L, respectively, p=0.006) (Figure 3). The studied population had a significantly lower median urinary iodine concentration compared with a population of 1,017 adults from São Paulo.16 The median urinary iodine concentration, according to age range quartiles, were as follows: 60–70 years, 243 μg/L (range 40–856 μg/L); 71–80 years, 203 μg/L, range 84–832 μg/L; and 81–92 years, 203 μg/L, range 100–594 μg/L. No significant difference was observed among the age groups (p=0.19).


The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in elderly cardiology patients with mild excessive iodine intake in the urban area of São Paulo.

Duarte GC, Tomimori EK, Camargo RY, Rubio IG, Wajngarten M, Rodrigues AG, Knobel M, Medeiros-Neto G - Clinics (Sao Paulo) (2009)

Distribution of iodine concentration in the studied population. The median urinary excretion was 210 μg/L. Note that one-third of the subjects had an excessive iodine excretion (>300 μg/L)
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2666482&req=5

f3-11-oa-0181: Distribution of iodine concentration in the studied population. The median urinary excretion was 210 μg/L. Note that one-third of the subjects had an excessive iodine excretion (>300 μg/L)
Mentions: The urinary iodine concentration of the studied population is shown in Figure 3. In 13 of the patients (3.3%), urinary iodine levels were below 100 μg/L, whereas in 116 patients (30.8%), the values were above 300 μg/L. Overall, the studied population had a median urinary iodine excretion of 210 μg/L (range 40–856 μg/L). Male subjects presented with a mean urinary iodine concentration that was significantly higher than women (279.0 ± 142.0 μg/L versus 243.0 ± 130.0 μg/L, respectively, p=0.006) (Figure 3). The studied population had a significantly lower median urinary iodine concentration compared with a population of 1,017 adults from São Paulo.16 The median urinary iodine concentration, according to age range quartiles, were as follows: 60–70 years, 243 μg/L (range 40–856 μg/L); 71–80 years, 203 μg/L, range 84–832 μg/L; and 81–92 years, 203 μg/L, range 100–594 μg/L. No significant difference was observed among the age groups (p=0.19).

Bottom Line: Hyperthyroidism (overt and subclinical) was present in 29 patients (6.5%), whereas hypothyroidism (overt and subclinical) was found in 32 individuals (8.1%).The serum TSH increased with age and was significantly higher (p= <0.01) in patients, compared to the normal control group.Elderly patients have a higher prevalence of both hypo- and hyperthyroidism as well as thyroid nodules when compared with the general population.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Thyroid Unit, Division of Endocrinology, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in elderly cardiac patients in an outpatient setting.

Subjects and methods: A total of 399 consecutive patients (268 women, age range 60-92 years) who were followed at Heart Institute were evaluated for thyroid dysfunction with serum free T4, TSH, anti-Peroxidase antibodies, urinary iodine excretion measurements and thyroid ultrasound.

Results: Hyperthyroidism (overt and subclinical) was present in 29 patients (6.5%), whereas hypothyroidism (overt and subclinical) was found in 32 individuals (8.1%). Cysts were detected in 11 patients (2.8%), single nodules were detected in 102 (25.6%), and multinodular goiters were detected in 34 (8.5%). Hashimoto's thyroiditis was present in 16.8% patients, most of whom were women (83.6%). The serum TSH increased with age and was significantly higher (p= <0.01) in patients, compared to the normal control group. No significant differences in serum TSH and free T4 values were observed when patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) where compared with those without arrhythmia. The median urinary iodine levels were 210 microg/L (40-856 microg/L), and iodine levels were higher in men than in women (p<0.01). Excessive iodine intake (urinary iodine >300 microg/L) was observed in one-third of patients (30.8%).

Conclusions: Elderly patients have a higher prevalence of both hypo- and hyperthyroidism as well as thyroid nodules when compared with the general population. About one-third of the older patients had elevated urinary secretion of iodine and a higher prevalence of chronic Hashimoto's thyroiditis. It is recommended that ultrasonographic studies, tests for thyroid function and autoimmunity should be evaluated in elderly patients.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus