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A brief review of chronic exercise intervention to prevent autonomic nervous system changes during the aging process.

Wichi RB, De Angelis K, Jones L, Irigoyen MC - Clinics (Sao Paulo) (2009)

Bottom Line: The aging process is associated with alterations in the cardiovascular and autonomic nervous systems.Chronic exercise in geriatrics seems to be associated with improvement in the cardiovascular system and seems to promote a healthy lifestyle.In this review, we address the major effects of aging on the autonomic nervous system in the context of cardiovascular control.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Human Movement Laboratory, Sao Judas Tadeu University - São Paulo/SP, Brazil. prof.rogeriowichi@usjt.br

ABSTRACT
The aging process is associated with alterations in the cardiovascular and autonomic nervous systems. Autonomic changes related to aging involve parasympathetic and sympathetic alterations leading to a higher incidence of cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. Several studies have suggested that physical exercise is effective in preventing deleterious changes. Chronic exercise in geriatrics seems to be associated with improvement in the cardiovascular system and seems to promote a healthy lifestyle. In this review, we address the major effects of aging on the autonomic nervous system in the context of cardiovascular control. We examine the use of chronic exercise to prevent cardiovascular changes during the aging process.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

A schematic representation of age-related alterations to the autonomic nervous system, and of the role of chronic exercise in reducing or preventing these alterations. Aging combined with a sedentary lifestyle is associated with changes in the autonomic nervous system’s control of the cardiovascular system. Autonomic changes involve decreases in vagal function, HR variability and baroreflex sensitivity, as well as increased sympathetic function and BP variability. These changes are associated with high rates of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Chronic exercise prevents these autonomic changes and reduces the rates of cardiovascular disease and mortality as they relate to aging.
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f3-17-rv-0020: A schematic representation of age-related alterations to the autonomic nervous system, and of the role of chronic exercise in reducing or preventing these alterations. Aging combined with a sedentary lifestyle is associated with changes in the autonomic nervous system’s control of the cardiovascular system. Autonomic changes involve decreases in vagal function, HR variability and baroreflex sensitivity, as well as increased sympathetic function and BP variability. These changes are associated with high rates of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Chronic exercise prevents these autonomic changes and reduces the rates of cardiovascular disease and mortality as they relate to aging.


A brief review of chronic exercise intervention to prevent autonomic nervous system changes during the aging process.

Wichi RB, De Angelis K, Jones L, Irigoyen MC - Clinics (Sao Paulo) (2009)

A schematic representation of age-related alterations to the autonomic nervous system, and of the role of chronic exercise in reducing or preventing these alterations. Aging combined with a sedentary lifestyle is associated with changes in the autonomic nervous system’s control of the cardiovascular system. Autonomic changes involve decreases in vagal function, HR variability and baroreflex sensitivity, as well as increased sympathetic function and BP variability. These changes are associated with high rates of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Chronic exercise prevents these autonomic changes and reduces the rates of cardiovascular disease and mortality as they relate to aging.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2666449&req=5

f3-17-rv-0020: A schematic representation of age-related alterations to the autonomic nervous system, and of the role of chronic exercise in reducing or preventing these alterations. Aging combined with a sedentary lifestyle is associated with changes in the autonomic nervous system’s control of the cardiovascular system. Autonomic changes involve decreases in vagal function, HR variability and baroreflex sensitivity, as well as increased sympathetic function and BP variability. These changes are associated with high rates of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Chronic exercise prevents these autonomic changes and reduces the rates of cardiovascular disease and mortality as they relate to aging.
Bottom Line: The aging process is associated with alterations in the cardiovascular and autonomic nervous systems.Chronic exercise in geriatrics seems to be associated with improvement in the cardiovascular system and seems to promote a healthy lifestyle.In this review, we address the major effects of aging on the autonomic nervous system in the context of cardiovascular control.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Human Movement Laboratory, Sao Judas Tadeu University - São Paulo/SP, Brazil. prof.rogeriowichi@usjt.br

ABSTRACT
The aging process is associated with alterations in the cardiovascular and autonomic nervous systems. Autonomic changes related to aging involve parasympathetic and sympathetic alterations leading to a higher incidence of cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. Several studies have suggested that physical exercise is effective in preventing deleterious changes. Chronic exercise in geriatrics seems to be associated with improvement in the cardiovascular system and seems to promote a healthy lifestyle. In this review, we address the major effects of aging on the autonomic nervous system in the context of cardiovascular control. We examine the use of chronic exercise to prevent cardiovascular changes during the aging process.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus