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Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (Haberland's syndrome): a case report of a neurocutaneous syndrome and a review of the literature.

Koishi GN, Yoshida M, Alonso N, Matushita H, Goldenberg D - Clinics (Sao Paulo) (2008)

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It is characterized by unilateral cutaneous, ocular, and neurologic malformations... There are 53 cases described in the literature, but only four of these are in Brazil. – We present the case of a full-term girl born to non-consanguineous parents... ECCL is a rare, sporadic, neurocutaneous syndrome with no predominant gender, racial, or geographical association., The genetic mechanism has been hypothesized to involve lethal autosomal dominant genes that survive by mosaicism, and the pathogenesis is most likely a dysgenesis of the cephalic neural crest and anterior neural tube. ,, Clinically, ECCL is characterized by unilateral abnormalities of the brain, eyes, and skin... The most common neurological findings are hemiatrophy, dilated ventricles, porencephalic cysts, abnormal calcifications, intracranial lipoma, and cranial asymmetry... Most patients present with seizures and mental retardation. ,,, The hairless lesion of the scalp (“naevus psiloliparus”) is pathognomonic, and the papular lesions of the eyelid, consistent with lipomas, are the most frequent feature in all cases reported... However, other lesions have also been reported, such as lipomas of the vertebral spine, odontom, and “café-au-lait” spots., The diagnosis of ECCL may be difficult because of the overlapping features with other neurocutaneous syndromes... Patients with oculocerebrocutaneous syndrome (Delleman’s syndrome) have similar lesions of the eyes and scalp, but also present with a pathognomonic mid-hindbrain malformation... Other syndromes, like Sturge-Webber syndrome and Proteus syndrome, have neurological features similar to ECCL, although the cutaneous malformations are very different. ,,, Therefore, a careful and complete examination of these patients including a multidisciplinary evaluation and follow-up by a neurosurgeon, pediatrician, ophthalmologist, and plastic surgeon is necessary for accurate diagnosis of this condition,... Delay in diagnosis is common in these patients though it is best if the pediatrician makes the diagnosis at birth to improve prognosis and orientations of the relatives.

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CT scan of the brain shows: porencephalic cyst, hemiatrophy of the right hemisphere, subdural collection and parietal calcifications
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f3-cln63_3p0406: CT scan of the brain shows: porencephalic cyst, hemiatrophy of the right hemisphere, subdural collection and parietal calcifications

Mentions: A CT scan of the brain showed cranial asymmetry, an arachnoid cyst of the right middle fossa, a right frontal subdural collection, a porencephalic cyst, hemiatrophy of the right hemisphere, and cortical calcifications of the parietal and occipital lobes (Fig.3).


Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (Haberland's syndrome): a case report of a neurocutaneous syndrome and a review of the literature.

Koishi GN, Yoshida M, Alonso N, Matushita H, Goldenberg D - Clinics (Sao Paulo) (2008)

CT scan of the brain shows: porencephalic cyst, hemiatrophy of the right hemisphere, subdural collection and parietal calcifications
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2664244&req=5

f3-cln63_3p0406: CT scan of the brain shows: porencephalic cyst, hemiatrophy of the right hemisphere, subdural collection and parietal calcifications
Mentions: A CT scan of the brain showed cranial asymmetry, an arachnoid cyst of the right middle fossa, a right frontal subdural collection, a porencephalic cyst, hemiatrophy of the right hemisphere, and cortical calcifications of the parietal and occipital lobes (Fig.3).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

It is characterized by unilateral cutaneous, ocular, and neurologic malformations... There are 53 cases described in the literature, but only four of these are in Brazil. – We present the case of a full-term girl born to non-consanguineous parents... ECCL is a rare, sporadic, neurocutaneous syndrome with no predominant gender, racial, or geographical association., The genetic mechanism has been hypothesized to involve lethal autosomal dominant genes that survive by mosaicism, and the pathogenesis is most likely a dysgenesis of the cephalic neural crest and anterior neural tube. ,, Clinically, ECCL is characterized by unilateral abnormalities of the brain, eyes, and skin... The most common neurological findings are hemiatrophy, dilated ventricles, porencephalic cysts, abnormal calcifications, intracranial lipoma, and cranial asymmetry... Most patients present with seizures and mental retardation. ,,, The hairless lesion of the scalp (“naevus psiloliparus”) is pathognomonic, and the papular lesions of the eyelid, consistent with lipomas, are the most frequent feature in all cases reported... However, other lesions have also been reported, such as lipomas of the vertebral spine, odontom, and “café-au-lait” spots., The diagnosis of ECCL may be difficult because of the overlapping features with other neurocutaneous syndromes... Patients with oculocerebrocutaneous syndrome (Delleman’s syndrome) have similar lesions of the eyes and scalp, but also present with a pathognomonic mid-hindbrain malformation... Other syndromes, like Sturge-Webber syndrome and Proteus syndrome, have neurological features similar to ECCL, although the cutaneous malformations are very different. ,,, Therefore, a careful and complete examination of these patients including a multidisciplinary evaluation and follow-up by a neurosurgeon, pediatrician, ophthalmologist, and plastic surgeon is necessary for accurate diagnosis of this condition,... Delay in diagnosis is common in these patients though it is best if the pediatrician makes the diagnosis at birth to improve prognosis and orientations of the relatives.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus