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Seoul virus and hantavirus disease, Shenyang, People's Republic of China.

Zhang YZ, Dong X, Li X, Ma C, Xiong HP, Yan GJ, Gao N, Jiang DM, Li MH, Li LP, Zou Y, Plyusnin A - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2009)

Bottom Line: An outbreak of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) occurred among students in Shenyang Pharmaceutical University in 2006.We conducted a study to characterize etiologic agents of the outbreaks and clarify the origin of hantaviruses causing infections in humans and laboratory animals.Immunoglobulin (Ig) M or IgG antibodies against Seoul virus (SEOV) were detected in the serum samples of all 8 patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, People's Republic of China. yongzhenzhang@sohu.com

ABSTRACT
An outbreak of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) occurred among students in Shenyang Pharmaceutical University in 2006. We conducted a study to characterize etiologic agents of the outbreaks and clarify the origin of hantaviruses causing infections in humans and laboratory animals. Immunoglobulin (Ig) M or IgG antibodies against Seoul virus (SEOV) were detected in the serum samples of all 8 patients. IgG antibodies against hantavirus were also identified in laboratory rats, which were used by these students for their scientific research. Phylogenetic analysis showed that partial small segment sequences recovered from humans, laboratory rats, and local wild rats belonged to SEOV. Hantavirus sequences recovered from humans and laboratory rats clustered within 1 of 3 lineages of SEOV circulating among local wild rats in Shenyang. These results suggest that the HFRS outbreak in Shenyang was caused by SEOV that was circulating among local wild rats and had also infected the laboratory rats.

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Phylogenetic tree of hantaviruses based on partial sequences of the small (S) segment (nt 600–999 for Seoul virus (SEOV) and nt 514–1026 for hantaan virus (HTNV). PHYLIP program package (3.65) was used to construct the phylogenetic trees by using the neighbor-joining (NJ) method and the maximum likehood (ML) with 1,000 replicates. The tree, constructed by using the ML method, had a similar topology as that constructed by the NJ method (data not shown). Bootstrap values were calculated from 1,000 replicates; only values >50% are shown at the branch nodes. The sequence of Sin Nombre virus (SNV) was used as an outgroup. Partial S-segment sequences recovered from 6 patient serum samples were designated ShenyangHu3, ShenyangHu4, ShenyangHu5, ShenyangHu6, ShenyangHu7, and ShenyangHu8. Sequences from Rattus norvegicus trapped in 2006 in the vicinity of the Laboratory Animal Center of Shenyang Pharmaceutical University were designated ShenyangRn-LAC-4, ShenyangRn-LAC-28, and ShenyangRn-LAC-41. ShenyangRn-LAC-137, from R. norvegicus and A. agrarius, trapped in 2006–2007 in the major hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome–endemic focus in the rural areas of Shenyang were designated ShenyangRn20, ShenyangRn32, ShenyangRn74, ShenyangRn75, ShenyangRn111, ShenyangRn127, ShenyangRn131, ShenyangRn144, ShenyangRn167, ShenyangRn180, ShenyangRn183, and ShenyangAa13), from hantavirus antigen–positive laboratory rats were designated ShenyangW–. Sequences obtained in this study are shown in boldface. The GenBank accession numbers of the other partial S segment sequences are SNV/NM H10 (L25748); HTNV/76–118 (M14626), HTNV/CJAp93 (EF208953), HTNV/Bao14 (AB127998); SEOV/NYA039 (EF210131), SEOV/Gou3 (AF288651), SEOV/QH367 (DQ081717), SEOV/SR11 (M34881), SEOV/Tchoupitoulas (AF329389), SEOV/80–39 (AY273791), SEOV/L99 (AF488708), SEOV/R22 (AF488707), SEOV/pf26 (AY006465), SEOV/zy27 (AF406965), SEOV/Z37 (F187082), and SEOV/ZT10 (AY766368). Scale bar represents genetic distance.
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Figure 2: Phylogenetic tree of hantaviruses based on partial sequences of the small (S) segment (nt 600–999 for Seoul virus (SEOV) and nt 514–1026 for hantaan virus (HTNV). PHYLIP program package (3.65) was used to construct the phylogenetic trees by using the neighbor-joining (NJ) method and the maximum likehood (ML) with 1,000 replicates. The tree, constructed by using the ML method, had a similar topology as that constructed by the NJ method (data not shown). Bootstrap values were calculated from 1,000 replicates; only values >50% are shown at the branch nodes. The sequence of Sin Nombre virus (SNV) was used as an outgroup. Partial S-segment sequences recovered from 6 patient serum samples were designated ShenyangHu3, ShenyangHu4, ShenyangHu5, ShenyangHu6, ShenyangHu7, and ShenyangHu8. Sequences from Rattus norvegicus trapped in 2006 in the vicinity of the Laboratory Animal Center of Shenyang Pharmaceutical University were designated ShenyangRn-LAC-4, ShenyangRn-LAC-28, and ShenyangRn-LAC-41. ShenyangRn-LAC-137, from R. norvegicus and A. agrarius, trapped in 2006–2007 in the major hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome–endemic focus in the rural areas of Shenyang were designated ShenyangRn20, ShenyangRn32, ShenyangRn74, ShenyangRn75, ShenyangRn111, ShenyangRn127, ShenyangRn131, ShenyangRn144, ShenyangRn167, ShenyangRn180, ShenyangRn183, and ShenyangAa13), from hantavirus antigen–positive laboratory rats were designated ShenyangW–. Sequences obtained in this study are shown in boldface. The GenBank accession numbers of the other partial S segment sequences are SNV/NM H10 (L25748); HTNV/76–118 (M14626), HTNV/CJAp93 (EF208953), HTNV/Bao14 (AB127998); SEOV/NYA039 (EF210131), SEOV/Gou3 (AF288651), SEOV/QH367 (DQ081717), SEOV/SR11 (M34881), SEOV/Tchoupitoulas (AF329389), SEOV/80–39 (AY273791), SEOV/L99 (AF488708), SEOV/R22 (AF488707), SEOV/pf26 (AY006465), SEOV/zy27 (AF406965), SEOV/Z37 (F187082), and SEOV/ZT10 (AY766368). Scale bar represents genetic distance.

Mentions: The PHYLIP program package version 3.65 (http://evolution.genetics.washington.edu/phylip.html) was used to construct phylogenetic trees by using the neighbor-joining method with 1, 000 bootstrap replicates. Alignments were prepared with ClustalW version 1.83 (www.ebi.ac.uk/Tools/clustalw2/index.html). The nucleotide identities were calculated by using the DNAStar program (DNASTAR, Madison, WI, USA). For comparison, hantavirus sequences were retrieved from GenBank (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Genbank) (Figure 2).


Seoul virus and hantavirus disease, Shenyang, People's Republic of China.

Zhang YZ, Dong X, Li X, Ma C, Xiong HP, Yan GJ, Gao N, Jiang DM, Li MH, Li LP, Zou Y, Plyusnin A - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2009)

Phylogenetic tree of hantaviruses based on partial sequences of the small (S) segment (nt 600–999 for Seoul virus (SEOV) and nt 514–1026 for hantaan virus (HTNV). PHYLIP program package (3.65) was used to construct the phylogenetic trees by using the neighbor-joining (NJ) method and the maximum likehood (ML) with 1,000 replicates. The tree, constructed by using the ML method, had a similar topology as that constructed by the NJ method (data not shown). Bootstrap values were calculated from 1,000 replicates; only values >50% are shown at the branch nodes. The sequence of Sin Nombre virus (SNV) was used as an outgroup. Partial S-segment sequences recovered from 6 patient serum samples were designated ShenyangHu3, ShenyangHu4, ShenyangHu5, ShenyangHu6, ShenyangHu7, and ShenyangHu8. Sequences from Rattus norvegicus trapped in 2006 in the vicinity of the Laboratory Animal Center of Shenyang Pharmaceutical University were designated ShenyangRn-LAC-4, ShenyangRn-LAC-28, and ShenyangRn-LAC-41. ShenyangRn-LAC-137, from R. norvegicus and A. agrarius, trapped in 2006–2007 in the major hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome–endemic focus in the rural areas of Shenyang were designated ShenyangRn20, ShenyangRn32, ShenyangRn74, ShenyangRn75, ShenyangRn111, ShenyangRn127, ShenyangRn131, ShenyangRn144, ShenyangRn167, ShenyangRn180, ShenyangRn183, and ShenyangAa13), from hantavirus antigen–positive laboratory rats were designated ShenyangW–. Sequences obtained in this study are shown in boldface. The GenBank accession numbers of the other partial S segment sequences are SNV/NM H10 (L25748); HTNV/76–118 (M14626), HTNV/CJAp93 (EF208953), HTNV/Bao14 (AB127998); SEOV/NYA039 (EF210131), SEOV/Gou3 (AF288651), SEOV/QH367 (DQ081717), SEOV/SR11 (M34881), SEOV/Tchoupitoulas (AF329389), SEOV/80–39 (AY273791), SEOV/L99 (AF488708), SEOV/R22 (AF488707), SEOV/pf26 (AY006465), SEOV/zy27 (AF406965), SEOV/Z37 (F187082), and SEOV/ZT10 (AY766368). Scale bar represents genetic distance.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Figure 2: Phylogenetic tree of hantaviruses based on partial sequences of the small (S) segment (nt 600–999 for Seoul virus (SEOV) and nt 514–1026 for hantaan virus (HTNV). PHYLIP program package (3.65) was used to construct the phylogenetic trees by using the neighbor-joining (NJ) method and the maximum likehood (ML) with 1,000 replicates. The tree, constructed by using the ML method, had a similar topology as that constructed by the NJ method (data not shown). Bootstrap values were calculated from 1,000 replicates; only values >50% are shown at the branch nodes. The sequence of Sin Nombre virus (SNV) was used as an outgroup. Partial S-segment sequences recovered from 6 patient serum samples were designated ShenyangHu3, ShenyangHu4, ShenyangHu5, ShenyangHu6, ShenyangHu7, and ShenyangHu8. Sequences from Rattus norvegicus trapped in 2006 in the vicinity of the Laboratory Animal Center of Shenyang Pharmaceutical University were designated ShenyangRn-LAC-4, ShenyangRn-LAC-28, and ShenyangRn-LAC-41. ShenyangRn-LAC-137, from R. norvegicus and A. agrarius, trapped in 2006–2007 in the major hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome–endemic focus in the rural areas of Shenyang were designated ShenyangRn20, ShenyangRn32, ShenyangRn74, ShenyangRn75, ShenyangRn111, ShenyangRn127, ShenyangRn131, ShenyangRn144, ShenyangRn167, ShenyangRn180, ShenyangRn183, and ShenyangAa13), from hantavirus antigen–positive laboratory rats were designated ShenyangW–. Sequences obtained in this study are shown in boldface. The GenBank accession numbers of the other partial S segment sequences are SNV/NM H10 (L25748); HTNV/76–118 (M14626), HTNV/CJAp93 (EF208953), HTNV/Bao14 (AB127998); SEOV/NYA039 (EF210131), SEOV/Gou3 (AF288651), SEOV/QH367 (DQ081717), SEOV/SR11 (M34881), SEOV/Tchoupitoulas (AF329389), SEOV/80–39 (AY273791), SEOV/L99 (AF488708), SEOV/R22 (AF488707), SEOV/pf26 (AY006465), SEOV/zy27 (AF406965), SEOV/Z37 (F187082), and SEOV/ZT10 (AY766368). Scale bar represents genetic distance.
Mentions: The PHYLIP program package version 3.65 (http://evolution.genetics.washington.edu/phylip.html) was used to construct phylogenetic trees by using the neighbor-joining method with 1, 000 bootstrap replicates. Alignments were prepared with ClustalW version 1.83 (www.ebi.ac.uk/Tools/clustalw2/index.html). The nucleotide identities were calculated by using the DNAStar program (DNASTAR, Madison, WI, USA). For comparison, hantavirus sequences were retrieved from GenBank (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Genbank) (Figure 2).

Bottom Line: An outbreak of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) occurred among students in Shenyang Pharmaceutical University in 2006.We conducted a study to characterize etiologic agents of the outbreaks and clarify the origin of hantaviruses causing infections in humans and laboratory animals.Immunoglobulin (Ig) M or IgG antibodies against Seoul virus (SEOV) were detected in the serum samples of all 8 patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, People's Republic of China. yongzhenzhang@sohu.com

ABSTRACT
An outbreak of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) occurred among students in Shenyang Pharmaceutical University in 2006. We conducted a study to characterize etiologic agents of the outbreaks and clarify the origin of hantaviruses causing infections in humans and laboratory animals. Immunoglobulin (Ig) M or IgG antibodies against Seoul virus (SEOV) were detected in the serum samples of all 8 patients. IgG antibodies against hantavirus were also identified in laboratory rats, which were used by these students for their scientific research. Phylogenetic analysis showed that partial small segment sequences recovered from humans, laboratory rats, and local wild rats belonged to SEOV. Hantavirus sequences recovered from humans and laboratory rats clustered within 1 of 3 lineages of SEOV circulating among local wild rats in Shenyang. These results suggest that the HFRS outbreak in Shenyang was caused by SEOV that was circulating among local wild rats and had also infected the laboratory rats.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus