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Historical overview of spinal deformities in ancient Greece.

Vasiliadis ES, Grivas TB, Kaspiris A - Scoliosis (2009)

Bottom Line: He introduced the terms kyphosis and scoliosis and wrote in depth about diagnosis and treatment of kyphosis and less about scoliosis.The innovation of the board, the application of axial traction and even the principle of trans-abdominal correction for correction of spinal deformities have their origin in Hippocrates.Galen, who lived nearly five centuries later impressively described scoliosis, lordosis and kyphosis, provided aetiologic implications and used the same principles with Hippocrates for their management, while his studies influenced medical practice on spinal deformities for more than 1500 years.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Orthopaedic Department, "Thriasio" General Hospital, Magoula, Attica, Greece. eliasvasiliadis@yahoo.gr

ABSTRACT
Little is known about the history of spinal deformities in ancient Greece. The present study summarizes what we know today for diagnosis and management of spinal deformities in ancient Greece, mainly from the medical treatises of Hippocrates and Galen. Hippocrates, through accurate observation and logical reasoning was led to accurate conclusions firstly for the structure of the spine and secondly for its diseases. He introduced the terms kyphosis and scoliosis and wrote in depth about diagnosis and treatment of kyphosis and less about scoliosis. The innovation of the board, the application of axial traction and even the principle of trans-abdominal correction for correction of spinal deformities have their origin in Hippocrates. Galen, who lived nearly five centuries later impressively described scoliosis, lordosis and kyphosis, provided aetiologic implications and used the same principles with Hippocrates for their management, while his studies influenced medical practice on spinal deformities for more than 1500 years.

No MeSH data available.


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A graphic illustrating the Asklepion of Kos.
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Figure 9: A graphic illustrating the Asklepion of Kos.

Mentions: The most well-known physician of antiquity was Hippocrates (460-370 BC) (Figure 8). He was born on the Greek island of Kos, where he studied and practiced medicine in the Asclepion of Kos (Figure 9). Hippocrates through scientific thought freed medicine from the "influence" of supernatural spirits and transformed it from an empirical and religious art to a science and today he is recognized as the founder of scientific medicine. Hippocrates' wrote almost as many as 60 medical books, which are included in the Hippocratic Collection (Corpus Hippocraticum) (Figure 10). Information about spinal deformities is incorporated in his books, namely, On fractures (Περί αγμών, "Peri agmon"), On articulations (Περί άρθρων, "Peri Arthron"), Mochlikon (Μοχλικός, "Mochlikos"), On Nature of Bones (Περί οστέωνφύσιος, "Peri osteon physios") and On Places in Man (Περί τόπων των κατ' ανθρώπων, "Peri topon ton kat anthropon"). His work is dominated by the principle of accurate observation and logical reasoning which leads to accurate conclusions for the diseases [6,7].


Historical overview of spinal deformities in ancient Greece.

Vasiliadis ES, Grivas TB, Kaspiris A - Scoliosis (2009)

A graphic illustrating the Asklepion of Kos.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2654856&req=5

Figure 9: A graphic illustrating the Asklepion of Kos.
Mentions: The most well-known physician of antiquity was Hippocrates (460-370 BC) (Figure 8). He was born on the Greek island of Kos, where he studied and practiced medicine in the Asclepion of Kos (Figure 9). Hippocrates through scientific thought freed medicine from the "influence" of supernatural spirits and transformed it from an empirical and religious art to a science and today he is recognized as the founder of scientific medicine. Hippocrates' wrote almost as many as 60 medical books, which are included in the Hippocratic Collection (Corpus Hippocraticum) (Figure 10). Information about spinal deformities is incorporated in his books, namely, On fractures (Περί αγμών, "Peri agmon"), On articulations (Περί άρθρων, "Peri Arthron"), Mochlikon (Μοχλικός, "Mochlikos"), On Nature of Bones (Περί οστέωνφύσιος, "Peri osteon physios") and On Places in Man (Περί τόπων των κατ' ανθρώπων, "Peri topon ton kat anthropon"). His work is dominated by the principle of accurate observation and logical reasoning which leads to accurate conclusions for the diseases [6,7].

Bottom Line: He introduced the terms kyphosis and scoliosis and wrote in depth about diagnosis and treatment of kyphosis and less about scoliosis.The innovation of the board, the application of axial traction and even the principle of trans-abdominal correction for correction of spinal deformities have their origin in Hippocrates.Galen, who lived nearly five centuries later impressively described scoliosis, lordosis and kyphosis, provided aetiologic implications and used the same principles with Hippocrates for their management, while his studies influenced medical practice on spinal deformities for more than 1500 years.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Orthopaedic Department, "Thriasio" General Hospital, Magoula, Attica, Greece. eliasvasiliadis@yahoo.gr

ABSTRACT
Little is known about the history of spinal deformities in ancient Greece. The present study summarizes what we know today for diagnosis and management of spinal deformities in ancient Greece, mainly from the medical treatises of Hippocrates and Galen. Hippocrates, through accurate observation and logical reasoning was led to accurate conclusions firstly for the structure of the spine and secondly for its diseases. He introduced the terms kyphosis and scoliosis and wrote in depth about diagnosis and treatment of kyphosis and less about scoliosis. The innovation of the board, the application of axial traction and even the principle of trans-abdominal correction for correction of spinal deformities have their origin in Hippocrates. Galen, who lived nearly five centuries later impressively described scoliosis, lordosis and kyphosis, provided aetiologic implications and used the same principles with Hippocrates for their management, while his studies influenced medical practice on spinal deformities for more than 1500 years.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus