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The impact of warmed intravenous contrast material on the bolus geometry of coronary CT angiography applications.

Hazirolan T, Turkbey B, Akpinar E, Canyigit M, Karcaaltincaba M, Peynircioglu B, Balkanci ZD, Akata D, Balkanci F - Korean J Radiol (2009)

Bottom Line: A value of 100 HU was accepted as a cut-off value for the beginning of opacification.In the ascending aorta, the median time required to reach 100 HU opacification during the test bolus analysis was significantly shorter for group 2 subjects than for group 1 subjects.In the ascending aorta, the descending aorta and main pulmonary artery, for group 1 subjects, the bolus geometry curve shifted to the left and upwards as compared with the bolus geometry curve for group 2 subjects.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study was designed to investigate the effect of administration of warmed contrast material (CM) on the bolus geometry and enhancement as depicted on coronary CT angiography.

Materials and methods: A total of 64 patients (42 men, 22 women; mean age, 56 years) were randomly divided into two groups. Group 1 included 32 patients administered CM (Omnipaque [Iohexol] 350 mg I/ mL; Nycomed, Princeton, NJ) saline solutions kept in an incubator at a constant temperature (37 degrees C). Group 2 included 32 patients administered the CM saline solutions kept at constant room temperature (24 degrees C). Cardiac CT scans were performed with a dual source computed tomography (DSCT) scanner. For each group, region of interest curves were plotted inside the ascending aorta, main pulmonary artery and descending aorta on test bolus images. Using enhancement values, time/enhancement diagrams were produced for each vessel. On diagrams, basal Hounsfield unit (HU) values were subtracted from sequentially obtained values. A value of 100 HU was accepted as a cut-off value for the beginning of opacification. The time to peak, the time required to reach 100 HU opacification, maximum enhancement and duration of enhancement above 100 HU were noted. DSCT angiography studies were evaluated for coronary vessel enhancement.

Results: Maximum enhancement values in the ascending aorta, descending aorta and main pulmonary artery were significantly higher in group 1 subjects. In the ascending aorta, the median time required to reach 100 HU opacification during the test bolus analysis was significantly shorter for group 2 subjects than for group 1 subjects. In the ascending aorta, the descending aorta and main pulmonary artery, for group 1 subjects, the bolus geometry curve shifted to the left and upwards as compared with the bolus geometry curve for group 2 subjects.

Conclusion: The use of warmed CM yields higher enhancement values and a shorter time to reach maximum enhancement duration, resulting in a shift of the bolus geometry curve to the left that may provide optimized image quality.

Show MeSH
Bolus geometry curves of ascending aorta (A) and descending aorta (B) and main pulmonary artery (C) show shift of geometry curves towards left in group 1 (with warmed contrast material); moreover, peak enhancement values are higher in group 1 when compared to group 2 (with contrast material kept at room temperature, 24℃).
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Figure 1: Bolus geometry curves of ascending aorta (A) and descending aorta (B) and main pulmonary artery (C) show shift of geometry curves towards left in group 1 (with warmed contrast material); moreover, peak enhancement values are higher in group 1 when compared to group 2 (with contrast material kept at room temperature, 24℃).

Mentions: Time/enhancement curves were constructed for the ascending aorta and descending aorta and the main pulmonary artery in both groups. In the ascending aorta and descending aorta and the main pulmonary artery for group 1, the bolus geometry curve shifted to the left and upwards as compared with the bolus geometry curve for group 2 (Fig. 1). There was no significant difference between group 1 and group 2 for the mean enhancement values of the coronary artery segments (Table 3).


The impact of warmed intravenous contrast material on the bolus geometry of coronary CT angiography applications.

Hazirolan T, Turkbey B, Akpinar E, Canyigit M, Karcaaltincaba M, Peynircioglu B, Balkanci ZD, Akata D, Balkanci F - Korean J Radiol (2009)

Bolus geometry curves of ascending aorta (A) and descending aorta (B) and main pulmonary artery (C) show shift of geometry curves towards left in group 1 (with warmed contrast material); moreover, peak enhancement values are higher in group 1 when compared to group 2 (with contrast material kept at room temperature, 24℃).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2651444&req=5

Figure 1: Bolus geometry curves of ascending aorta (A) and descending aorta (B) and main pulmonary artery (C) show shift of geometry curves towards left in group 1 (with warmed contrast material); moreover, peak enhancement values are higher in group 1 when compared to group 2 (with contrast material kept at room temperature, 24℃).
Mentions: Time/enhancement curves were constructed for the ascending aorta and descending aorta and the main pulmonary artery in both groups. In the ascending aorta and descending aorta and the main pulmonary artery for group 1, the bolus geometry curve shifted to the left and upwards as compared with the bolus geometry curve for group 2 (Fig. 1). There was no significant difference between group 1 and group 2 for the mean enhancement values of the coronary artery segments (Table 3).

Bottom Line: A value of 100 HU was accepted as a cut-off value for the beginning of opacification.In the ascending aorta, the median time required to reach 100 HU opacification during the test bolus analysis was significantly shorter for group 2 subjects than for group 1 subjects.In the ascending aorta, the descending aorta and main pulmonary artery, for group 1 subjects, the bolus geometry curve shifted to the left and upwards as compared with the bolus geometry curve for group 2 subjects.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study was designed to investigate the effect of administration of warmed contrast material (CM) on the bolus geometry and enhancement as depicted on coronary CT angiography.

Materials and methods: A total of 64 patients (42 men, 22 women; mean age, 56 years) were randomly divided into two groups. Group 1 included 32 patients administered CM (Omnipaque [Iohexol] 350 mg I/ mL; Nycomed, Princeton, NJ) saline solutions kept in an incubator at a constant temperature (37 degrees C). Group 2 included 32 patients administered the CM saline solutions kept at constant room temperature (24 degrees C). Cardiac CT scans were performed with a dual source computed tomography (DSCT) scanner. For each group, region of interest curves were plotted inside the ascending aorta, main pulmonary artery and descending aorta on test bolus images. Using enhancement values, time/enhancement diagrams were produced for each vessel. On diagrams, basal Hounsfield unit (HU) values were subtracted from sequentially obtained values. A value of 100 HU was accepted as a cut-off value for the beginning of opacification. The time to peak, the time required to reach 100 HU opacification, maximum enhancement and duration of enhancement above 100 HU were noted. DSCT angiography studies were evaluated for coronary vessel enhancement.

Results: Maximum enhancement values in the ascending aorta, descending aorta and main pulmonary artery were significantly higher in group 1 subjects. In the ascending aorta, the median time required to reach 100 HU opacification during the test bolus analysis was significantly shorter for group 2 subjects than for group 1 subjects. In the ascending aorta, the descending aorta and main pulmonary artery, for group 1 subjects, the bolus geometry curve shifted to the left and upwards as compared with the bolus geometry curve for group 2 subjects.

Conclusion: The use of warmed CM yields higher enhancement values and a shorter time to reach maximum enhancement duration, resulting in a shift of the bolus geometry curve to the left that may provide optimized image quality.

Show MeSH