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Domestic pigs and Japanese encephalitis virus infection, Australia.

van-den-Hurk AF, Ritchie SA, Johansen CA, Mackenzie JS, Smith GA - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2008)

Bottom Line: To determine whether relocating domestic pigs, the amplifying host of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), decreased the risk for JEV transmission to humans in northern Australia, we collected mosquitoes for virus detection.Detection of JEV in mosquitoes after pig relocation indicates that pig relocation did not eliminate JEV risk.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Virology, Forensic and Scientific Services, Queensland Health, Coopers Plains, Queensland, Australia. andrew_hurk@health.qld.gov.au

ABSTRACT
To determine whether relocating domestic pigs, the amplifying host of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), decreased the risk for JEV transmission to humans in northern Australia, we collected mosquitoes for virus detection. Detection of JEV in mosquitoes after pig relocation indicates that pig relocation did not eliminate JEV risk.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Aerial photograph of Badu Island showing the location of the community, piggery, and rubbish dump.
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Figure 2: Aerial photograph of Badu Island showing the location of the community, piggery, and rubbish dump.

Mentions: To facilitate the comparison of virus distribution on Badu Island, trap locations were grouped into 3 general areas: within 1.2 km of the piggery, within the area of human habitation (the community), and at a rubbish dump located ≈1.5 km from the community and 4.0 km from the piggery (Figure 2). Dumps are a potential focus of JEV activity because mosquitoes, feral pigs, and wading birds congregate at them (10). Maximum-likelihood estimation of mosquito infection rates with 95% confidence intervals were calculated for each of these general areas by using the PooledInfRate statistical software package (11).


Domestic pigs and Japanese encephalitis virus infection, Australia.

van-den-Hurk AF, Ritchie SA, Johansen CA, Mackenzie JS, Smith GA - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2008)

Aerial photograph of Badu Island showing the location of the community, piggery, and rubbish dump.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2630726&req=5

Figure 2: Aerial photograph of Badu Island showing the location of the community, piggery, and rubbish dump.
Mentions: To facilitate the comparison of virus distribution on Badu Island, trap locations were grouped into 3 general areas: within 1.2 km of the piggery, within the area of human habitation (the community), and at a rubbish dump located ≈1.5 km from the community and 4.0 km from the piggery (Figure 2). Dumps are a potential focus of JEV activity because mosquitoes, feral pigs, and wading birds congregate at them (10). Maximum-likelihood estimation of mosquito infection rates with 95% confidence intervals were calculated for each of these general areas by using the PooledInfRate statistical software package (11).

Bottom Line: To determine whether relocating domestic pigs, the amplifying host of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), decreased the risk for JEV transmission to humans in northern Australia, we collected mosquitoes for virus detection.Detection of JEV in mosquitoes after pig relocation indicates that pig relocation did not eliminate JEV risk.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Virology, Forensic and Scientific Services, Queensland Health, Coopers Plains, Queensland, Australia. andrew_hurk@health.qld.gov.au

ABSTRACT
To determine whether relocating domestic pigs, the amplifying host of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), decreased the risk for JEV transmission to humans in northern Australia, we collected mosquitoes for virus detection. Detection of JEV in mosquitoes after pig relocation indicates that pig relocation did not eliminate JEV risk.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus