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HIV/AIDS awareness and risk behavior among students in Semey, Kazakhstan: a cross-sectional survey.

Hansson M, Stockfelt L, Urazalin M, Ahlm C, Andersson R - BMC Int Health Hum Rights (2008)

Bottom Line: More than 30% of the young men had purchased sex, and homosexuality was widely stigmatized.Risks for the spread of HIV/AIDS among young people in Kazakhstan include prostitution as well as stigmatization of the HIV positive and of homosexuals.Protective factors are good knowledge about risks and protection, and opportunities to talk and gather information about sexuality and HIV/AIDS.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Umeå University Hospital, SE-901 85 Umeå, Sweden. marithansson@yahoo.se

ABSTRACT

Background: Until recently, young people in Kazakhstan have been only moderately affected by the global HIV epidemic. Today, however, the HIV epidemic in Central Asia is one of the most rapidly increasing epidemics in the world. It is mainly concentrated to vulnerable groups such as intravenous drug users, sex workers, the purchasers of sexual services and the financially marginalized. Young, sexually active people may however be the gateway for the epidemic to the general population, and knowledge about their attitudes and behavior is therefore important in planning preventive measures.

Methods: To gather information about young students and their attitudes and knowledge about HIV/AIDS, we collected 600 structured questionnaires and made 23 semi-structured interviews among three groups of students. Response rate was 99%.

Results: Almost 99% of the respondents had heard of HIV/AIDS, and 89% could identify ways to protect oneself against sexually transmitted HIV/AIDS. The main routes of transmission, sexual contact without condom and intravenous drug use, were both identified by 97% of the students. Twenty-five percent of the female students and 75% of the male students had had one or more sexual partners. More than 30% of the young men had purchased sex, and homosexuality was widely stigmatized.

Conclusion: Risks for the spread of HIV/AIDS among young people in Kazakhstan include prostitution as well as stigmatization of the HIV positive and of homosexuals. Protective factors are good knowledge about risks and protection, and opportunities to talk and gather information about sexuality and HIV/AIDS.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

With whom can you talk about HIV/AIDS? People with whom to talk about HIV/AIDS. Men n = 251, women n = 347.
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Figure 3: With whom can you talk about HIV/AIDS? People with whom to talk about HIV/AIDS. Men n = 251, women n = 347.

Mentions: Most of the respondents had someone they could talk to about HIV and AIDS (Fig 3). Most often they could talk to friends and health personnel while fewer could talk to their partners or parents. Women could more often talk to their mothers and men more often to their fathers. This pattern was supported during the interviews, where female students often expressed that they preferred talking to other women, while male students preferred other men. Most students said in the interviews that they did not find it difficult to talk about sex, especially not with someone of the same sex and age.


HIV/AIDS awareness and risk behavior among students in Semey, Kazakhstan: a cross-sectional survey.

Hansson M, Stockfelt L, Urazalin M, Ahlm C, Andersson R - BMC Int Health Hum Rights (2008)

With whom can you talk about HIV/AIDS? People with whom to talk about HIV/AIDS. Men n = 251, women n = 347.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2630293&req=5

Figure 3: With whom can you talk about HIV/AIDS? People with whom to talk about HIV/AIDS. Men n = 251, women n = 347.
Mentions: Most of the respondents had someone they could talk to about HIV and AIDS (Fig 3). Most often they could talk to friends and health personnel while fewer could talk to their partners or parents. Women could more often talk to their mothers and men more often to their fathers. This pattern was supported during the interviews, where female students often expressed that they preferred talking to other women, while male students preferred other men. Most students said in the interviews that they did not find it difficult to talk about sex, especially not with someone of the same sex and age.

Bottom Line: More than 30% of the young men had purchased sex, and homosexuality was widely stigmatized.Risks for the spread of HIV/AIDS among young people in Kazakhstan include prostitution as well as stigmatization of the HIV positive and of homosexuals.Protective factors are good knowledge about risks and protection, and opportunities to talk and gather information about sexuality and HIV/AIDS.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Umeå University Hospital, SE-901 85 Umeå, Sweden. marithansson@yahoo.se

ABSTRACT

Background: Until recently, young people in Kazakhstan have been only moderately affected by the global HIV epidemic. Today, however, the HIV epidemic in Central Asia is one of the most rapidly increasing epidemics in the world. It is mainly concentrated to vulnerable groups such as intravenous drug users, sex workers, the purchasers of sexual services and the financially marginalized. Young, sexually active people may however be the gateway for the epidemic to the general population, and knowledge about their attitudes and behavior is therefore important in planning preventive measures.

Methods: To gather information about young students and their attitudes and knowledge about HIV/AIDS, we collected 600 structured questionnaires and made 23 semi-structured interviews among three groups of students. Response rate was 99%.

Results: Almost 99% of the respondents had heard of HIV/AIDS, and 89% could identify ways to protect oneself against sexually transmitted HIV/AIDS. The main routes of transmission, sexual contact without condom and intravenous drug use, were both identified by 97% of the students. Twenty-five percent of the female students and 75% of the male students had had one or more sexual partners. More than 30% of the young men had purchased sex, and homosexuality was widely stigmatized.

Conclusion: Risks for the spread of HIV/AIDS among young people in Kazakhstan include prostitution as well as stigmatization of the HIV positive and of homosexuals. Protective factors are good knowledge about risks and protection, and opportunities to talk and gather information about sexuality and HIV/AIDS.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus