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Chronic respiratory effect of narguileh smoking compared with cigarette smoking in women from the East Mediterranean region.

Mohammad Y, Kakah M, Mohammad Y - Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis (2008)

Bottom Line: Results showed a higher proportion of chronic bronchitis in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers for both quantity and duration (p value < 0.001), as well as quasi-permanent alteration in maximum mid-expiratory flow (MMEF 25%-75%) in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers (p value < 0.001).Forced expired volume in one second was more altered in cigarette smokers than in narguileh smokers (p value > 0.001).These results will help to raise health authority awareness that narguileh smoking is also dangerous for women.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Tishreen University School of Medicine, Lattakia, Syria. mohamyou@scs-net.org

ABSTRACT
Narguileh is a water pipe. Narguileh smoking is a traditional pattern of smoking among Eastern Mediterranean women, publicly considered as a harmless entertainment. We performed a survey aimed at tracking chronic respiratory symptoms and alteration in respiratory functions in 77 female narguileh smokers, 77 cigarette smokers, and controls. A questionnaire about respiratory symptoms, quantity, and duration of smoking was completed by each woman, and a flow-volume loop was performed with all women. Women were then categorized in subgroups according to a cumulative smoking duration of over 5 years, and cumulative quantity of 50 kilograms smoked. We obtained 8 subgroups for quantity and 10 for duration. Results showed a higher proportion of chronic bronchitis in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers for both quantity and duration (p value < 0.001), as well as quasi-permanent alteration in maximum mid-expiratory flow (MMEF 25%-75%) in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers (p value < 0.001). Forced expired volume in one second was more altered in cigarette smokers than in narguileh smokers (p value > 0.001). These results will help to raise health authority awareness that narguileh smoking is also dangerous for women.

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Alteration of FEV1 relative to the quantity smoked in women narguileh smokers versus cigarette smokers.Notes: The graph for cigarette smokers shows the same behavior as in the last duration diagram, the percentage of abnormal FEV1 augment with the cumulative quantity smoked. The percentage in narguileh smokers is approximately stable for all quantities. The two percentages start almost equal but the percentage then becomes greater in cigarette smokers than it is in narguileh smokers for all quantities (p <0.001).Abbreviation: FEV1, forced expiratory volume in one second.
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f8-copd-3-405: Alteration of FEV1 relative to the quantity smoked in women narguileh smokers versus cigarette smokers.Notes: The graph for cigarette smokers shows the same behavior as in the last duration diagram, the percentage of abnormal FEV1 augment with the cumulative quantity smoked. The percentage in narguileh smokers is approximately stable for all quantities. The two percentages start almost equal but the percentage then becomes greater in cigarette smokers than it is in narguileh smokers for all quantities (p <0.001).Abbreviation: FEV1, forced expiratory volume in one second.

Mentions: Alteration of all these variables in control subjects is very low (5%–7%). Our principal results are presented in charts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.


Chronic respiratory effect of narguileh smoking compared with cigarette smoking in women from the East Mediterranean region.

Mohammad Y, Kakah M, Mohammad Y - Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis (2008)

Alteration of FEV1 relative to the quantity smoked in women narguileh smokers versus cigarette smokers.Notes: The graph for cigarette smokers shows the same behavior as in the last duration diagram, the percentage of abnormal FEV1 augment with the cumulative quantity smoked. The percentage in narguileh smokers is approximately stable for all quantities. The two percentages start almost equal but the percentage then becomes greater in cigarette smokers than it is in narguileh smokers for all quantities (p <0.001).Abbreviation: FEV1, forced expiratory volume in one second.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2629988&req=5

f8-copd-3-405: Alteration of FEV1 relative to the quantity smoked in women narguileh smokers versus cigarette smokers.Notes: The graph for cigarette smokers shows the same behavior as in the last duration diagram, the percentage of abnormal FEV1 augment with the cumulative quantity smoked. The percentage in narguileh smokers is approximately stable for all quantities. The two percentages start almost equal but the percentage then becomes greater in cigarette smokers than it is in narguileh smokers for all quantities (p <0.001).Abbreviation: FEV1, forced expiratory volume in one second.
Mentions: Alteration of all these variables in control subjects is very low (5%–7%). Our principal results are presented in charts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.

Bottom Line: Results showed a higher proportion of chronic bronchitis in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers for both quantity and duration (p value < 0.001), as well as quasi-permanent alteration in maximum mid-expiratory flow (MMEF 25%-75%) in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers (p value < 0.001).Forced expired volume in one second was more altered in cigarette smokers than in narguileh smokers (p value > 0.001).These results will help to raise health authority awareness that narguileh smoking is also dangerous for women.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Tishreen University School of Medicine, Lattakia, Syria. mohamyou@scs-net.org

ABSTRACT
Narguileh is a water pipe. Narguileh smoking is a traditional pattern of smoking among Eastern Mediterranean women, publicly considered as a harmless entertainment. We performed a survey aimed at tracking chronic respiratory symptoms and alteration in respiratory functions in 77 female narguileh smokers, 77 cigarette smokers, and controls. A questionnaire about respiratory symptoms, quantity, and duration of smoking was completed by each woman, and a flow-volume loop was performed with all women. Women were then categorized in subgroups according to a cumulative smoking duration of over 5 years, and cumulative quantity of 50 kilograms smoked. We obtained 8 subgroups for quantity and 10 for duration. Results showed a higher proportion of chronic bronchitis in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers for both quantity and duration (p value < 0.001), as well as quasi-permanent alteration in maximum mid-expiratory flow (MMEF 25%-75%) in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers (p value < 0.001). Forced expired volume in one second was more altered in cigarette smokers than in narguileh smokers (p value > 0.001). These results will help to raise health authority awareness that narguileh smoking is also dangerous for women.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus