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Chronic respiratory effect of narguileh smoking compared with cigarette smoking in women from the East Mediterranean region.

Mohammad Y, Kakah M, Mohammad Y - Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis (2008)

Bottom Line: Results showed a higher proportion of chronic bronchitis in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers for both quantity and duration (p value < 0.001), as well as quasi-permanent alteration in maximum mid-expiratory flow (MMEF 25%-75%) in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers (p value < 0.001).Forced expired volume in one second was more altered in cigarette smokers than in narguileh smokers (p value > 0.001).These results will help to raise health authority awareness that narguileh smoking is also dangerous for women.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Tishreen University School of Medicine, Lattakia, Syria. mohamyou@scs-net.org

ABSTRACT
Narguileh is a water pipe. Narguileh smoking is a traditional pattern of smoking among Eastern Mediterranean women, publicly considered as a harmless entertainment. We performed a survey aimed at tracking chronic respiratory symptoms and alteration in respiratory functions in 77 female narguileh smokers, 77 cigarette smokers, and controls. A questionnaire about respiratory symptoms, quantity, and duration of smoking was completed by each woman, and a flow-volume loop was performed with all women. Women were then categorized in subgroups according to a cumulative smoking duration of over 5 years, and cumulative quantity of 50 kilograms smoked. We obtained 8 subgroups for quantity and 10 for duration. Results showed a higher proportion of chronic bronchitis in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers for both quantity and duration (p value < 0.001), as well as quasi-permanent alteration in maximum mid-expiratory flow (MMEF 25%-75%) in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers (p value < 0.001). Forced expired volume in one second was more altered in cigarette smokers than in narguileh smokers (p value > 0.001). These results will help to raise health authority awareness that narguileh smoking is also dangerous for women.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

The questionnaire: Name, age, occupation, domestic location, smoking, and clinical history. The following box diagram describes the questionnaire.
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f2-copd-3-405: The questionnaire: Name, age, occupation, domestic location, smoking, and clinical history. The following box diagram describes the questionnaire.

Mentions: The questionnaire (Figure 2) includes general sociodemographic variables (age, occupation, domestic location), information on smoking for cigarette and narguileh (daily quantity and age of initiation), and respiratory symptoms: recurrent cough and sputum reflecting chronic bronchitis (CBH) and dyspnea. Our question about the consumption of narguileh was locally designed and pilot-tested. The questions for CBH, cigarette smoking, and dyspnea were derived from the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) questionnaire (Minette 1989).


Chronic respiratory effect of narguileh smoking compared with cigarette smoking in women from the East Mediterranean region.

Mohammad Y, Kakah M, Mohammad Y - Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis (2008)

The questionnaire: Name, age, occupation, domestic location, smoking, and clinical history. The following box diagram describes the questionnaire.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2629988&req=5

f2-copd-3-405: The questionnaire: Name, age, occupation, domestic location, smoking, and clinical history. The following box diagram describes the questionnaire.
Mentions: The questionnaire (Figure 2) includes general sociodemographic variables (age, occupation, domestic location), information on smoking for cigarette and narguileh (daily quantity and age of initiation), and respiratory symptoms: recurrent cough and sputum reflecting chronic bronchitis (CBH) and dyspnea. Our question about the consumption of narguileh was locally designed and pilot-tested. The questions for CBH, cigarette smoking, and dyspnea were derived from the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) questionnaire (Minette 1989).

Bottom Line: Results showed a higher proportion of chronic bronchitis in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers for both quantity and duration (p value < 0.001), as well as quasi-permanent alteration in maximum mid-expiratory flow (MMEF 25%-75%) in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers (p value < 0.001).Forced expired volume in one second was more altered in cigarette smokers than in narguileh smokers (p value > 0.001).These results will help to raise health authority awareness that narguileh smoking is also dangerous for women.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Tishreen University School of Medicine, Lattakia, Syria. mohamyou@scs-net.org

ABSTRACT
Narguileh is a water pipe. Narguileh smoking is a traditional pattern of smoking among Eastern Mediterranean women, publicly considered as a harmless entertainment. We performed a survey aimed at tracking chronic respiratory symptoms and alteration in respiratory functions in 77 female narguileh smokers, 77 cigarette smokers, and controls. A questionnaire about respiratory symptoms, quantity, and duration of smoking was completed by each woman, and a flow-volume loop was performed with all women. Women were then categorized in subgroups according to a cumulative smoking duration of over 5 years, and cumulative quantity of 50 kilograms smoked. We obtained 8 subgroups for quantity and 10 for duration. Results showed a higher proportion of chronic bronchitis in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers for both quantity and duration (p value < 0.001), as well as quasi-permanent alteration in maximum mid-expiratory flow (MMEF 25%-75%) in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers (p value < 0.001). Forced expired volume in one second was more altered in cigarette smokers than in narguileh smokers (p value > 0.001). These results will help to raise health authority awareness that narguileh smoking is also dangerous for women.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus