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Chronic respiratory effect of narguileh smoking compared with cigarette smoking in women from the East Mediterranean region.

Mohammad Y, Kakah M, Mohammad Y - Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis (2008)

Bottom Line: Results showed a higher proportion of chronic bronchitis in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers for both quantity and duration (p value < 0.001), as well as quasi-permanent alteration in maximum mid-expiratory flow (MMEF 25%-75%) in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers (p value < 0.001).Forced expired volume in one second was more altered in cigarette smokers than in narguileh smokers (p value > 0.001).These results will help to raise health authority awareness that narguileh smoking is also dangerous for women.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Tishreen University School of Medicine, Lattakia, Syria. mohamyou@scs-net.org

ABSTRACT
Narguileh is a water pipe. Narguileh smoking is a traditional pattern of smoking among Eastern Mediterranean women, publicly considered as a harmless entertainment. We performed a survey aimed at tracking chronic respiratory symptoms and alteration in respiratory functions in 77 female narguileh smokers, 77 cigarette smokers, and controls. A questionnaire about respiratory symptoms, quantity, and duration of smoking was completed by each woman, and a flow-volume loop was performed with all women. Women were then categorized in subgroups according to a cumulative smoking duration of over 5 years, and cumulative quantity of 50 kilograms smoked. We obtained 8 subgroups for quantity and 10 for duration. Results showed a higher proportion of chronic bronchitis in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers for both quantity and duration (p value < 0.001), as well as quasi-permanent alteration in maximum mid-expiratory flow (MMEF 25%-75%) in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers (p value < 0.001). Forced expired volume in one second was more altered in cigarette smokers than in narguileh smokers (p value > 0.001). These results will help to raise health authority awareness that narguileh smoking is also dangerous for women.

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Narguileh scheme.Notes: Narguileh: consists of three parts: a glass pitcher, a hose through which the smoker draws bubbles of smoke from the tobacco burning in the firebrand cup through the water to cool the smoke.
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f1-copd-3-405: Narguileh scheme.Notes: Narguileh: consists of three parts: a glass pitcher, a hose through which the smoker draws bubbles of smoke from the tobacco burning in the firebrand cup through the water to cool the smoke.

Mentions: The narguileh is a water pipe (Figure 1) consisting of three main parts: a glass pitcher, a hose, and firebrands. The glass pitcher is half filled with water; a vertical tube is dipped in the water, and the upper tip of this tube is connected to a cup containing tobacco lit with brands. The pitcher is connected with another tube that reaches to the hose through which the smoke is drawn out by a series of puffs after bubbling through the water. This needs a high suction pressure and deep inspiratory effort to overcome the resistance of this long pathway. The tobacco used is called tombak, and takes the form of domestic pure tombak in Syria, meassel mixed with honey, and jurak, which is a tobacco fruit mixture cooked to produce a dark colored paste in Saudi Arabia (AL-Fayez et al 1980); tombak is burned with a piece of coal. The ignition temperature is 308 °C. (Omar and Salem 1996). Sheesha, shisha, chicha, Goza, hubble bubble, hookah, and narguile are synonymous to narguileh.


Chronic respiratory effect of narguileh smoking compared with cigarette smoking in women from the East Mediterranean region.

Mohammad Y, Kakah M, Mohammad Y - Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis (2008)

Narguileh scheme.Notes: Narguileh: consists of three parts: a glass pitcher, a hose through which the smoker draws bubbles of smoke from the tobacco burning in the firebrand cup through the water to cool the smoke.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2629988&req=5

f1-copd-3-405: Narguileh scheme.Notes: Narguileh: consists of three parts: a glass pitcher, a hose through which the smoker draws bubbles of smoke from the tobacco burning in the firebrand cup through the water to cool the smoke.
Mentions: The narguileh is a water pipe (Figure 1) consisting of three main parts: a glass pitcher, a hose, and firebrands. The glass pitcher is half filled with water; a vertical tube is dipped in the water, and the upper tip of this tube is connected to a cup containing tobacco lit with brands. The pitcher is connected with another tube that reaches to the hose through which the smoke is drawn out by a series of puffs after bubbling through the water. This needs a high suction pressure and deep inspiratory effort to overcome the resistance of this long pathway. The tobacco used is called tombak, and takes the form of domestic pure tombak in Syria, meassel mixed with honey, and jurak, which is a tobacco fruit mixture cooked to produce a dark colored paste in Saudi Arabia (AL-Fayez et al 1980); tombak is burned with a piece of coal. The ignition temperature is 308 °C. (Omar and Salem 1996). Sheesha, shisha, chicha, Goza, hubble bubble, hookah, and narguile are synonymous to narguileh.

Bottom Line: Results showed a higher proportion of chronic bronchitis in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers for both quantity and duration (p value < 0.001), as well as quasi-permanent alteration in maximum mid-expiratory flow (MMEF 25%-75%) in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers (p value < 0.001).Forced expired volume in one second was more altered in cigarette smokers than in narguileh smokers (p value > 0.001).These results will help to raise health authority awareness that narguileh smoking is also dangerous for women.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Tishreen University School of Medicine, Lattakia, Syria. mohamyou@scs-net.org

ABSTRACT
Narguileh is a water pipe. Narguileh smoking is a traditional pattern of smoking among Eastern Mediterranean women, publicly considered as a harmless entertainment. We performed a survey aimed at tracking chronic respiratory symptoms and alteration in respiratory functions in 77 female narguileh smokers, 77 cigarette smokers, and controls. A questionnaire about respiratory symptoms, quantity, and duration of smoking was completed by each woman, and a flow-volume loop was performed with all women. Women were then categorized in subgroups according to a cumulative smoking duration of over 5 years, and cumulative quantity of 50 kilograms smoked. We obtained 8 subgroups for quantity and 10 for duration. Results showed a higher proportion of chronic bronchitis in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers for both quantity and duration (p value < 0.001), as well as quasi-permanent alteration in maximum mid-expiratory flow (MMEF 25%-75%) in narguileh smokers compared with cigarette smokers (p value < 0.001). Forced expired volume in one second was more altered in cigarette smokers than in narguileh smokers (p value > 0.001). These results will help to raise health authority awareness that narguileh smoking is also dangerous for women.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus