Limits...
The inhibition of assembly of HIV-1 virus-like particles by 3-O-(3',3'-dimethylsuccinyl) betulinic acid (DSB) is counteracted by Vif and requires its Zinc-binding domain.

Dafonseca S, Coric P, Gay B, Hong SS, Bouaziz S, Boulanger P - Virol. J. (2008)

Bottom Line: DSB-counteracting effect was also observed with Vif mutants defective in encapsidation into VLP, suggesting that packaging and anti-DSB effect were separate functions in Vif.The anti-DSB effect was abolished for VifC133S and VifS116V, two mutants which lacked the zinc binding domain (ZBD) formed by the four H(108)C(114)C(133)H(139) coordinates with a Zn atom.In the presence of Vifwt, but not with ZBD mutants VifC133S and VifS116V, VLP were redirected to a vesicular compartment and egressed via the exocytic pathway.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Université de Lyon I-Claude Bernard, Faculté de Médecine Laënnec, Laboratoire de Virologie & Pathologie Humaine, CNRS FRE-3011, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France. sandrinedafonseca@hotmail.com

ABSTRACT

Background: DSB, the 3-O-(3',3'dimethylsuccinyl) derivative of betulinic acid, blocks the last step of protease-mediated processing of HIV-1 Gag precursor (Pr55Gag), which leads to immature, noninfectious virions. When administered to Pr55Gag-expressing insect cells (Sf9), DSB inhibits the assembly and budding of membrane-enveloped virus-like particles (VLP). In order to explore the possibility that viral factors could modulate the susceptibility to DSB of the VLP assembly process, several viral proteins were coexpressed individually with Pr55Gag in DSB-treated cells, and VLP yields assayed in the extracellular medium.

Results: Wild-type Vif (Vifwt) restored the VLP production in DSB-treated cells to levels observed in control, untreated cells. DSB-counteracting effect was also observed with Vif mutants defective in encapsidation into VLP, suggesting that packaging and anti-DSB effect were separate functions in Vif. The anti-DSB effect was abolished for VifC133S and VifS116V, two mutants which lacked the zinc binding domain (ZBD) formed by the four H(108)C(114)C(133)H(139) coordinates with a Zn atom. Electron microscopic analysis of cells coexpressing Pr55Gag and Vifwt showed that a large proportion of VLP budded into cytoplasmic vesicles and were released from Sf9 cells by exocytosis. However, in the presence of mutant VifC133S or VifS116V, most of the VLP assembled and budded at the plasma membrane, as in control cells expressing Pr55Gag alone.

Conclusion: The function of HIV-1 Vif protein which negated the DSB inhibition of VLP assembly was independent of its packaging capability, but depended on the integrity of ZBD. In the presence of Vifwt, but not with ZBD mutants VifC133S and VifS116V, VLP were redirected to a vesicular compartment and egressed via the exocytic pathway.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Absence of anti-DSB effect of zinc-binding domain mutants of Vif. Sf9 cells were coinfected with two baculoviruses at equal MOI of each (5 PFU/cell), one expressing Pr55Gag, the other expressing VifS116V (A and B, (i)) or VifC133S (A and B, (ii)). Cells were treated with increasing concentrations of DSB in DMSO for 30 h at 18 h pi, as indicated on top of panels (i) and (ii), and on the x-axis of panel (C). Cells were harvested at 48 h pi, and whole cell lysates (WCL) and extracellular VLP analyzed by SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting, using anti-Vif primary antibody and secondary peroxidase-labelled antibody, followed by anti-Gag primary antibody and phosphatase-labelled secondary antibody. (A), WCL; (B), VLP. (m), prestained molecular mass markers; (kDa), kiloDaltons. (C), Quantification of VLP produced by DSB-treated Sf9 cells coexpressing Pr55Gag and Vif mutants was performed using SDS-PAGE and autoradiography of immunoblots reacted with anti-Gag and 35S-labelled secondary anti-rabbit IgG antibody, as described in the legends to Fig. 3(c) and 5(c). Results were expressed as percentage of control, untreated samples, which was attributed the 100% value. Mean of three separate experiments ± standard deviation.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2628355&req=5

Figure 6: Absence of anti-DSB effect of zinc-binding domain mutants of Vif. Sf9 cells were coinfected with two baculoviruses at equal MOI of each (5 PFU/cell), one expressing Pr55Gag, the other expressing VifS116V (A and B, (i)) or VifC133S (A and B, (ii)). Cells were treated with increasing concentrations of DSB in DMSO for 30 h at 18 h pi, as indicated on top of panels (i) and (ii), and on the x-axis of panel (C). Cells were harvested at 48 h pi, and whole cell lysates (WCL) and extracellular VLP analyzed by SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting, using anti-Vif primary antibody and secondary peroxidase-labelled antibody, followed by anti-Gag primary antibody and phosphatase-labelled secondary antibody. (A), WCL; (B), VLP. (m), prestained molecular mass markers; (kDa), kiloDaltons. (C), Quantification of VLP produced by DSB-treated Sf9 cells coexpressing Pr55Gag and Vif mutants was performed using SDS-PAGE and autoradiography of immunoblots reacted with anti-Gag and 35S-labelled secondary anti-rabbit IgG antibody, as described in the legends to Fig. 3(c) and 5(c). Results were expressed as percentage of control, untreated samples, which was attributed the 100% value. Mean of three separate experiments ± standard deviation.

Mentions: Taking the latter observation into account, we substituted the serine residue to a valine at position 116. We assumed that the bulky side chain of valine would introduce local disorganization in the 3D structure of the ZBD domain, as did the S116 deletion, and would be detrimental to the anti-DSB effect of Vif. We found that the VifS116V mutant was coencapsidated with Gag at the same levels as Vifwt (Fig. 6Bi, lane 0). However, the assembly and extracellular release of VLP from Sf9 cells coexpressing Pr55Gag and VifS116V showed the same degree of DSB susceptibility as the one observed when Pr55Gag was expressed alone (Fig. 6Bi, and Fig. 6C). Thus, the lack of antagonistic effect against DSB of the packageable mutant VifS116V confirmed that anti-DSB function and packaging into VLP were separate functions in the Vif protein.


The inhibition of assembly of HIV-1 virus-like particles by 3-O-(3',3'-dimethylsuccinyl) betulinic acid (DSB) is counteracted by Vif and requires its Zinc-binding domain.

Dafonseca S, Coric P, Gay B, Hong SS, Bouaziz S, Boulanger P - Virol. J. (2008)

Absence of anti-DSB effect of zinc-binding domain mutants of Vif. Sf9 cells were coinfected with two baculoviruses at equal MOI of each (5 PFU/cell), one expressing Pr55Gag, the other expressing VifS116V (A and B, (i)) or VifC133S (A and B, (ii)). Cells were treated with increasing concentrations of DSB in DMSO for 30 h at 18 h pi, as indicated on top of panels (i) and (ii), and on the x-axis of panel (C). Cells were harvested at 48 h pi, and whole cell lysates (WCL) and extracellular VLP analyzed by SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting, using anti-Vif primary antibody and secondary peroxidase-labelled antibody, followed by anti-Gag primary antibody and phosphatase-labelled secondary antibody. (A), WCL; (B), VLP. (m), prestained molecular mass markers; (kDa), kiloDaltons. (C), Quantification of VLP produced by DSB-treated Sf9 cells coexpressing Pr55Gag and Vif mutants was performed using SDS-PAGE and autoradiography of immunoblots reacted with anti-Gag and 35S-labelled secondary anti-rabbit IgG antibody, as described in the legends to Fig. 3(c) and 5(c). Results were expressed as percentage of control, untreated samples, which was attributed the 100% value. Mean of three separate experiments ± standard deviation.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2628355&req=5

Figure 6: Absence of anti-DSB effect of zinc-binding domain mutants of Vif. Sf9 cells were coinfected with two baculoviruses at equal MOI of each (5 PFU/cell), one expressing Pr55Gag, the other expressing VifS116V (A and B, (i)) or VifC133S (A and B, (ii)). Cells were treated with increasing concentrations of DSB in DMSO for 30 h at 18 h pi, as indicated on top of panels (i) and (ii), and on the x-axis of panel (C). Cells were harvested at 48 h pi, and whole cell lysates (WCL) and extracellular VLP analyzed by SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting, using anti-Vif primary antibody and secondary peroxidase-labelled antibody, followed by anti-Gag primary antibody and phosphatase-labelled secondary antibody. (A), WCL; (B), VLP. (m), prestained molecular mass markers; (kDa), kiloDaltons. (C), Quantification of VLP produced by DSB-treated Sf9 cells coexpressing Pr55Gag and Vif mutants was performed using SDS-PAGE and autoradiography of immunoblots reacted with anti-Gag and 35S-labelled secondary anti-rabbit IgG antibody, as described in the legends to Fig. 3(c) and 5(c). Results were expressed as percentage of control, untreated samples, which was attributed the 100% value. Mean of three separate experiments ± standard deviation.
Mentions: Taking the latter observation into account, we substituted the serine residue to a valine at position 116. We assumed that the bulky side chain of valine would introduce local disorganization in the 3D structure of the ZBD domain, as did the S116 deletion, and would be detrimental to the anti-DSB effect of Vif. We found that the VifS116V mutant was coencapsidated with Gag at the same levels as Vifwt (Fig. 6Bi, lane 0). However, the assembly and extracellular release of VLP from Sf9 cells coexpressing Pr55Gag and VifS116V showed the same degree of DSB susceptibility as the one observed when Pr55Gag was expressed alone (Fig. 6Bi, and Fig. 6C). Thus, the lack of antagonistic effect against DSB of the packageable mutant VifS116V confirmed that anti-DSB function and packaging into VLP were separate functions in the Vif protein.

Bottom Line: DSB-counteracting effect was also observed with Vif mutants defective in encapsidation into VLP, suggesting that packaging and anti-DSB effect were separate functions in Vif.The anti-DSB effect was abolished for VifC133S and VifS116V, two mutants which lacked the zinc binding domain (ZBD) formed by the four H(108)C(114)C(133)H(139) coordinates with a Zn atom.In the presence of Vifwt, but not with ZBD mutants VifC133S and VifS116V, VLP were redirected to a vesicular compartment and egressed via the exocytic pathway.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Université de Lyon I-Claude Bernard, Faculté de Médecine Laënnec, Laboratoire de Virologie & Pathologie Humaine, CNRS FRE-3011, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France. sandrinedafonseca@hotmail.com

ABSTRACT

Background: DSB, the 3-O-(3',3'dimethylsuccinyl) derivative of betulinic acid, blocks the last step of protease-mediated processing of HIV-1 Gag precursor (Pr55Gag), which leads to immature, noninfectious virions. When administered to Pr55Gag-expressing insect cells (Sf9), DSB inhibits the assembly and budding of membrane-enveloped virus-like particles (VLP). In order to explore the possibility that viral factors could modulate the susceptibility to DSB of the VLP assembly process, several viral proteins were coexpressed individually with Pr55Gag in DSB-treated cells, and VLP yields assayed in the extracellular medium.

Results: Wild-type Vif (Vifwt) restored the VLP production in DSB-treated cells to levels observed in control, untreated cells. DSB-counteracting effect was also observed with Vif mutants defective in encapsidation into VLP, suggesting that packaging and anti-DSB effect were separate functions in Vif. The anti-DSB effect was abolished for VifC133S and VifS116V, two mutants which lacked the zinc binding domain (ZBD) formed by the four H(108)C(114)C(133)H(139) coordinates with a Zn atom. Electron microscopic analysis of cells coexpressing Pr55Gag and Vifwt showed that a large proportion of VLP budded into cytoplasmic vesicles and were released from Sf9 cells by exocytosis. However, in the presence of mutant VifC133S or VifS116V, most of the VLP assembled and budded at the plasma membrane, as in control cells expressing Pr55Gag alone.

Conclusion: The function of HIV-1 Vif protein which negated the DSB inhibition of VLP assembly was independent of its packaging capability, but depended on the integrity of ZBD. In the presence of Vifwt, but not with ZBD mutants VifC133S and VifS116V, VLP were redirected to a vesicular compartment and egressed via the exocytic pathway.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus