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Morton neuroma: evaluated with ultrasonography and MR imaging.

Lee MJ, Kim S, Huh YM, Song HT, Lee SA, Lee JW, Suh JS - Korean J Radiol (2007 Mar-Apr)

Bottom Line: The retrospective comparison between the sonographic and MR images was done by two experienced radiologists working in consensus with the surgical and pathologic correlations.The mean size of the examined neuromas was 4.9 mm on the US images and it was 5.1 mm on the MRI studies.Among the patients examined during postoperative follow-up, symptoms were completely relieved in 85% and the symptoms were partially relieved in 15%.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Diagnostic Radiology and the Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seodaeumun-Gu, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of both ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the assessment of Morton neuroma.

Materials and methods: Our study group was comprised of 20 neuromas from 17 patients, and the neuromas were confirmed on surgery following evaluation with US, MRI, or both US and MRI. The diagnostic criterion for Morton neuroma, as examined by US, was the presence of a round or ovoid, well-defined, hypoechoic mass. The diagnostic criterion, based on MR imaging, was a well defined mass with intermediate to low signal intensity on both the T1- and T2-weighted images. The retrospective comparison between the sonographic and MR images was done by two experienced radiologists working in consensus with the surgical and pathologic correlations.

Results: The detection rate of Morton neuroma was 79% for 14 neuromas from 11 patients who had undergone US followed by an operation. The detection rate was 76% for 17 neuromas from 15 patients who had undergone MRI and a subsequent operation. The mean size of the examined neuromas was 4.9 mm on the US images and it was 5.1 mm on the MRI studies. Ten neuromas (71%) were 5 mm or less as measured by US, and three neuromas were not detected, whereas on the MRI analysis, 10 neuromas (59%) were 5 mm or less and four neuromas were not visualized. Among the patients examined during postoperative follow-up, symptoms were completely relieved in 85% and the symptoms were partially relieved in 15%.

Conclusion: US and MR imaging are comparable modalities with high detection rate for the evaluation of Morton neuroma.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Morton neuroma in the third intermetatarsal space in a 59-year-old woman (patient number 3 in table 1). Only MRI was performed.A. The T1-weighted spin-echo MR image (TR/TE = 483/11) shows a well-demarcated, 5 mm-sized, hypointense soft-tissue nodule (arrow) in the second intermetatarsal space.B. The FSE T2-weighted MR image (TR/TE = 5400/96) shows areas of slightly increased signal intensity within the neuroma (arrow).C. The T1-weighted fat-suppressed contrast-enhanced spin-echo MR image (TR/TE = 683/11) shows mild enhancement of the nodule (arrow). An operation was performed on only the 3rd intermetatarsal space because of metatarsalgia in this area, and a thick 1-cm-sized neuroma was excised. The second intermetatarsal space was not confirmed as containing neuroma during the operation.
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Figure 3: Morton neuroma in the third intermetatarsal space in a 59-year-old woman (patient number 3 in table 1). Only MRI was performed.A. The T1-weighted spin-echo MR image (TR/TE = 483/11) shows a well-demarcated, 5 mm-sized, hypointense soft-tissue nodule (arrow) in the second intermetatarsal space.B. The FSE T2-weighted MR image (TR/TE = 5400/96) shows areas of slightly increased signal intensity within the neuroma (arrow).C. The T1-weighted fat-suppressed contrast-enhanced spin-echo MR image (TR/TE = 683/11) shows mild enhancement of the nodule (arrow). An operation was performed on only the 3rd intermetatarsal space because of metatarsalgia in this area, and a thick 1-cm-sized neuroma was excised. The second intermetatarsal space was not confirmed as containing neuroma during the operation.

Mentions: Three patients had false negative results on the US imaging analysis, and four patients had false negative results on the MRI analysis (Table 1). Among them, five patients underwent neurolysis and only one patient underwent excision. Figure 3 shows the case confirmed by excision and pathologically proven, but it was false negative on MR.


Morton neuroma: evaluated with ultrasonography and MR imaging.

Lee MJ, Kim S, Huh YM, Song HT, Lee SA, Lee JW, Suh JS - Korean J Radiol (2007 Mar-Apr)

Morton neuroma in the third intermetatarsal space in a 59-year-old woman (patient number 3 in table 1). Only MRI was performed.A. The T1-weighted spin-echo MR image (TR/TE = 483/11) shows a well-demarcated, 5 mm-sized, hypointense soft-tissue nodule (arrow) in the second intermetatarsal space.B. The FSE T2-weighted MR image (TR/TE = 5400/96) shows areas of slightly increased signal intensity within the neuroma (arrow).C. The T1-weighted fat-suppressed contrast-enhanced spin-echo MR image (TR/TE = 683/11) shows mild enhancement of the nodule (arrow). An operation was performed on only the 3rd intermetatarsal space because of metatarsalgia in this area, and a thick 1-cm-sized neuroma was excised. The second intermetatarsal space was not confirmed as containing neuroma during the operation.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2626779&req=5

Figure 3: Morton neuroma in the third intermetatarsal space in a 59-year-old woman (patient number 3 in table 1). Only MRI was performed.A. The T1-weighted spin-echo MR image (TR/TE = 483/11) shows a well-demarcated, 5 mm-sized, hypointense soft-tissue nodule (arrow) in the second intermetatarsal space.B. The FSE T2-weighted MR image (TR/TE = 5400/96) shows areas of slightly increased signal intensity within the neuroma (arrow).C. The T1-weighted fat-suppressed contrast-enhanced spin-echo MR image (TR/TE = 683/11) shows mild enhancement of the nodule (arrow). An operation was performed on only the 3rd intermetatarsal space because of metatarsalgia in this area, and a thick 1-cm-sized neuroma was excised. The second intermetatarsal space was not confirmed as containing neuroma during the operation.
Mentions: Three patients had false negative results on the US imaging analysis, and four patients had false negative results on the MRI analysis (Table 1). Among them, five patients underwent neurolysis and only one patient underwent excision. Figure 3 shows the case confirmed by excision and pathologically proven, but it was false negative on MR.

Bottom Line: The retrospective comparison between the sonographic and MR images was done by two experienced radiologists working in consensus with the surgical and pathologic correlations.The mean size of the examined neuromas was 4.9 mm on the US images and it was 5.1 mm on the MRI studies.Among the patients examined during postoperative follow-up, symptoms were completely relieved in 85% and the symptoms were partially relieved in 15%.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Diagnostic Radiology and the Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seodaeumun-Gu, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of both ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the assessment of Morton neuroma.

Materials and methods: Our study group was comprised of 20 neuromas from 17 patients, and the neuromas were confirmed on surgery following evaluation with US, MRI, or both US and MRI. The diagnostic criterion for Morton neuroma, as examined by US, was the presence of a round or ovoid, well-defined, hypoechoic mass. The diagnostic criterion, based on MR imaging, was a well defined mass with intermediate to low signal intensity on both the T1- and T2-weighted images. The retrospective comparison between the sonographic and MR images was done by two experienced radiologists working in consensus with the surgical and pathologic correlations.

Results: The detection rate of Morton neuroma was 79% for 14 neuromas from 11 patients who had undergone US followed by an operation. The detection rate was 76% for 17 neuromas from 15 patients who had undergone MRI and a subsequent operation. The mean size of the examined neuromas was 4.9 mm on the US images and it was 5.1 mm on the MRI studies. Ten neuromas (71%) were 5 mm or less as measured by US, and three neuromas were not detected, whereas on the MRI analysis, 10 neuromas (59%) were 5 mm or less and four neuromas were not visualized. Among the patients examined during postoperative follow-up, symptoms were completely relieved in 85% and the symptoms were partially relieved in 15%.

Conclusion: US and MR imaging are comparable modalities with high detection rate for the evaluation of Morton neuroma.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus