Limits...
Multiple variations of the urogenital vascular system in a single cadaver: a case report.

Jetti R, Jevoor P, Vollala VR, Potu BK, Ravishankar M, Virupaxi R - Cases J (2008)

Bottom Line: We report a rare combination of vascular variations in a 48 years old male cadaver, included the retroaortic left renal vein opening in to the left common iliac vein, an accessory renal artery arising from the left common iliac artery which supplied the lower end of left kidney and left testicular artery originating from left renal artery.Clinical and embryological back ground of the above mentioned variations have been discussed in this paper.A deeper understanding of the urogenital vascular variations and their special relations to adjacent vessels is especially significant in avoiding the complications in clinical operation and examination and in recognizing the causes of urinary and genital disorders.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Anatomy, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India. raghujetti@yahoo.co.in.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The knowledge of renal vascular anatomy and its variations are very much essential in case of renal transplantation, renal surgeries, uroradiology, gonadal color doppler imaging, in surgeries of aneurysm of abdominal aorta, in gonadal surgeries.

Case presentation: We report a rare combination of vascular variations in a 48 years old male cadaver, included the retroaortic left renal vein opening in to the left common iliac vein, an accessory renal artery arising from the left common iliac artery which supplied the lower end of left kidney and left testicular artery originating from left renal artery. Clinical and embryological back ground of the above mentioned variations have been discussed in this paper.

Conclusion: A deeper understanding of the urogenital vascular variations and their special relations to adjacent vessels is especially significant in avoiding the complications in clinical operation and examination and in recognizing the causes of urinary and genital disorders.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Showing the abnormal drainage of retro aortic left renal vein into left common iliac vein. We can also see the abnormal termination of the right testicular vein into right renal vein and origin of accessory renal artery from the left common iliac artery.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2602998&req=5

Figure 1: Showing the abnormal drainage of retro aortic left renal vein into left common iliac vein. We can also see the abnormal termination of the right testicular vein into right renal vein and origin of accessory renal artery from the left common iliac artery.

Mentions: During routine cadaveric dissection in a 48 years old male cadaver we found the following variations. The left renal vein was 8.5 cm in length and seen coming from the hilum of left kidney below the renal artery and posterior to the pelvis of the left ureter. Near the hilum the vein received left supra renal vein and left testicular vein. Then it passed downwards and medially crossing the psoas major, passed behind the aorta, left common iliac artery and terminated by draining in to the left common iliac vein (Figure 1 &2). The course of the renal arteries was normal but the left renal artery gave origin to the left testicular artery which was 21.3 cms (Figure 1). The lower pole of the left kidney was also supplied by an accessory artery arising from left common iliac artery, which passed upwards and laterally behind the inferior mesenteric artery to reach the left kidney (Figure 1). The length of accessory renal artery was 5.2 cm. All others vessels in the abdominal cavity were normal.


Multiple variations of the urogenital vascular system in a single cadaver: a case report.

Jetti R, Jevoor P, Vollala VR, Potu BK, Ravishankar M, Virupaxi R - Cases J (2008)

Showing the abnormal drainage of retro aortic left renal vein into left common iliac vein. We can also see the abnormal termination of the right testicular vein into right renal vein and origin of accessory renal artery from the left common iliac artery.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2602998&req=5

Figure 1: Showing the abnormal drainage of retro aortic left renal vein into left common iliac vein. We can also see the abnormal termination of the right testicular vein into right renal vein and origin of accessory renal artery from the left common iliac artery.
Mentions: During routine cadaveric dissection in a 48 years old male cadaver we found the following variations. The left renal vein was 8.5 cm in length and seen coming from the hilum of left kidney below the renal artery and posterior to the pelvis of the left ureter. Near the hilum the vein received left supra renal vein and left testicular vein. Then it passed downwards and medially crossing the psoas major, passed behind the aorta, left common iliac artery and terminated by draining in to the left common iliac vein (Figure 1 &2). The course of the renal arteries was normal but the left renal artery gave origin to the left testicular artery which was 21.3 cms (Figure 1). The lower pole of the left kidney was also supplied by an accessory artery arising from left common iliac artery, which passed upwards and laterally behind the inferior mesenteric artery to reach the left kidney (Figure 1). The length of accessory renal artery was 5.2 cm. All others vessels in the abdominal cavity were normal.

Bottom Line: We report a rare combination of vascular variations in a 48 years old male cadaver, included the retroaortic left renal vein opening in to the left common iliac vein, an accessory renal artery arising from the left common iliac artery which supplied the lower end of left kidney and left testicular artery originating from left renal artery.Clinical and embryological back ground of the above mentioned variations have been discussed in this paper.A deeper understanding of the urogenital vascular variations and their special relations to adjacent vessels is especially significant in avoiding the complications in clinical operation and examination and in recognizing the causes of urinary and genital disorders.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Anatomy, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India. raghujetti@yahoo.co.in.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The knowledge of renal vascular anatomy and its variations are very much essential in case of renal transplantation, renal surgeries, uroradiology, gonadal color doppler imaging, in surgeries of aneurysm of abdominal aorta, in gonadal surgeries.

Case presentation: We report a rare combination of vascular variations in a 48 years old male cadaver, included the retroaortic left renal vein opening in to the left common iliac vein, an accessory renal artery arising from the left common iliac artery which supplied the lower end of left kidney and left testicular artery originating from left renal artery. Clinical and embryological back ground of the above mentioned variations have been discussed in this paper.

Conclusion: A deeper understanding of the urogenital vascular variations and their special relations to adjacent vessels is especially significant in avoiding the complications in clinical operation and examination and in recognizing the causes of urinary and genital disorders.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus