Limits...
Pandemic influenza planning in the United States from a health disparities perspective.

Blumenshine P, Reingold A, Egerter S, Mockenhaupt R, Braveman P, Marks J - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2008)

Bottom Line: We discuss policies that might differentially affect social groups' risk for illness or death.Our purpose is not to establish the precise magnitude of disparities likely to occur; rather, it is to call attention to avoidable disparities that can be expected in the absence of systematic attention to differential social risks in pandemic preparedness plans.Policy makers at the federal, state, and local levels should consider potential sources of socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities during a pandemic and formulate specific plans to minimize these disparities.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Weill/Cornell Medical College, Ithaca, New York, USA.

ABSTRACT
We explored how different socioeconomic and racial/ethnic groups in the United States might fare in an influenza pandemic on the basis of social factors that shape exposure, vulnerability to influenza virus, and timeliness and adequacy of treatment. We discuss policies that might differentially affect social groups' risk for illness or death. Our purpose is not to establish the precise magnitude of disparities likely to occur; rather, it is to call attention to avoidable disparities that can be expected in the absence of systematic attention to differential social risks in pandemic preparedness plans. Policy makers at the federal, state, and local levels should consider potential sources of socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities during a pandemic and formulate specific plans to minimize these disparities.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Possible sources of disparities during a pandemic influenza outbreak.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2600245&req=5

Figure 1: Possible sources of disparities during a pandemic influenza outbreak.

Mentions: Using a conceptual framework adapted from Diderichsen et al. (14), we systematically considered possible sources of disparities during an influenza pandemic by examining the following 3 levels at which underlying socioeconomic or racial/ethnic differences could lead to disparities in illness or death: 1) likelihood of being exposed to the influenza virus; 2) likelihood of contracting influenza disease, if exposed; and 3) likelihood of receiving timely and effective treatment after influenza disease has developed. To explore socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities at each level, we searched the literature for relevant findings based on population-based national data (Figure, Table).


Pandemic influenza planning in the United States from a health disparities perspective.

Blumenshine P, Reingold A, Egerter S, Mockenhaupt R, Braveman P, Marks J - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2008)

Possible sources of disparities during a pandemic influenza outbreak.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2600245&req=5

Figure 1: Possible sources of disparities during a pandemic influenza outbreak.
Mentions: Using a conceptual framework adapted from Diderichsen et al. (14), we systematically considered possible sources of disparities during an influenza pandemic by examining the following 3 levels at which underlying socioeconomic or racial/ethnic differences could lead to disparities in illness or death: 1) likelihood of being exposed to the influenza virus; 2) likelihood of contracting influenza disease, if exposed; and 3) likelihood of receiving timely and effective treatment after influenza disease has developed. To explore socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities at each level, we searched the literature for relevant findings based on population-based national data (Figure, Table).

Bottom Line: We discuss policies that might differentially affect social groups' risk for illness or death.Our purpose is not to establish the precise magnitude of disparities likely to occur; rather, it is to call attention to avoidable disparities that can be expected in the absence of systematic attention to differential social risks in pandemic preparedness plans.Policy makers at the federal, state, and local levels should consider potential sources of socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities during a pandemic and formulate specific plans to minimize these disparities.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Weill/Cornell Medical College, Ithaca, New York, USA.

ABSTRACT
We explored how different socioeconomic and racial/ethnic groups in the United States might fare in an influenza pandemic on the basis of social factors that shape exposure, vulnerability to influenza virus, and timeliness and adequacy of treatment. We discuss policies that might differentially affect social groups' risk for illness or death. Our purpose is not to establish the precise magnitude of disparities likely to occur; rather, it is to call attention to avoidable disparities that can be expected in the absence of systematic attention to differential social risks in pandemic preparedness plans. Policy makers at the federal, state, and local levels should consider potential sources of socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities during a pandemic and formulate specific plans to minimize these disparities.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus