Limits...
Early introduction of fish decreases the risk of eczema in infants.

Alm B, Aberg N, Erdes L, Möllborg P, Pettersson R, Norvenius SG, Goksör E, Wennergren G - Arch. Dis. Child. (2008)

Bottom Line: Median age at onset was 4 months.Introducing fish before 9 months of age (OR 0.76; 95% CI 0.62 to 0.94) and having a bird in the home (OR 0.35; 95% CI 0.17 to 0.75) were beneficial.Breast feeding and time of milk and egg introduction did not affect the risk.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Paediatrics, University of Gothenburg, Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. bernt.alm@medfak.gu.se

ABSTRACT

Background: Atopic eczema in infants has increased in western societies. Environmental factors and the introduction of food may affect the risk of eczema.

Aims: To investigate the prevalence of eczema among infants in western Sweden, describe patterns of food introduction and assess risk factors for eczema at 1 year of age.

Methods: Data were obtained from a prospective, longitudinal cohort study of infants born in western Sweden in 2003; 8176 families were randomly selected and, 6 months after the infant's birth, were invited to participate and received questionnaires. A second questionnaire was sent out when the infants were 12 months old. Both questionnaires were completed and medical birth register data were obtained for 4921 infants (60.2% of the selected population).

Results: At 1 year of age, 20.9% of the infants had previous or current eczema. Median age at onset was 4 months. In multivariable analysis, familial occurrence of eczema, especially in siblings (OR 1.87; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.50 to 2.33) or the mother (OR 1.54; 95% CI 1.30 to 1.84), remained an independent risk factor. Introducing fish before 9 months of age (OR 0.76; 95% CI 0.62 to 0.94) and having a bird in the home (OR 0.35; 95% CI 0.17 to 0.75) were beneficial.

Conclusions: One in five infants suffer from eczema during the first year of life. Familial eczema increased the risk, while early fish introduction and bird keeping decreased it. Breast feeding and time of milk and egg introduction did not affect the risk.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Food habits among infants: introduction of cow’s milk protein, cereals, solids, eggs and fish in western Sweden, 2003–2004.
© Copyright Policy - openaccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2597687&req=5

ADC-94-01-0011-f02: Food habits among infants: introduction of cow’s milk protein, cereals, solids, eggs and fish in western Sweden, 2003–2004.

Mentions: Breast feeding and timing of the introduction of cow’s milk protein, cereals and solids are described in figs 1 and 2. At the age of 16 weeks, more than 80% of the infants were breast fed, while one third were exclusively breast fed (no cow’s milk protein introduced) (fig 1). At the age of 6 months, two thirds were still breast fed and 10% were exclusively breast fed. At about 30 weeks, 50% of the infants had been weaned (fig 1).


Early introduction of fish decreases the risk of eczema in infants.

Alm B, Aberg N, Erdes L, Möllborg P, Pettersson R, Norvenius SG, Goksör E, Wennergren G - Arch. Dis. Child. (2008)

Food habits among infants: introduction of cow’s milk protein, cereals, solids, eggs and fish in western Sweden, 2003–2004.
© Copyright Policy - openaccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2597687&req=5

ADC-94-01-0011-f02: Food habits among infants: introduction of cow’s milk protein, cereals, solids, eggs and fish in western Sweden, 2003–2004.
Mentions: Breast feeding and timing of the introduction of cow’s milk protein, cereals and solids are described in figs 1 and 2. At the age of 16 weeks, more than 80% of the infants were breast fed, while one third were exclusively breast fed (no cow’s milk protein introduced) (fig 1). At the age of 6 months, two thirds were still breast fed and 10% were exclusively breast fed. At about 30 weeks, 50% of the infants had been weaned (fig 1).

Bottom Line: Median age at onset was 4 months.Introducing fish before 9 months of age (OR 0.76; 95% CI 0.62 to 0.94) and having a bird in the home (OR 0.35; 95% CI 0.17 to 0.75) were beneficial.Breast feeding and time of milk and egg introduction did not affect the risk.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Paediatrics, University of Gothenburg, Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. bernt.alm@medfak.gu.se

ABSTRACT

Background: Atopic eczema in infants has increased in western societies. Environmental factors and the introduction of food may affect the risk of eczema.

Aims: To investigate the prevalence of eczema among infants in western Sweden, describe patterns of food introduction and assess risk factors for eczema at 1 year of age.

Methods: Data were obtained from a prospective, longitudinal cohort study of infants born in western Sweden in 2003; 8176 families were randomly selected and, 6 months after the infant's birth, were invited to participate and received questionnaires. A second questionnaire was sent out when the infants were 12 months old. Both questionnaires were completed and medical birth register data were obtained for 4921 infants (60.2% of the selected population).

Results: At 1 year of age, 20.9% of the infants had previous or current eczema. Median age at onset was 4 months. In multivariable analysis, familial occurrence of eczema, especially in siblings (OR 1.87; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.50 to 2.33) or the mother (OR 1.54; 95% CI 1.30 to 1.84), remained an independent risk factor. Introducing fish before 9 months of age (OR 0.76; 95% CI 0.62 to 0.94) and having a bird in the home (OR 0.35; 95% CI 0.17 to 0.75) were beneficial.

Conclusions: One in five infants suffer from eczema during the first year of life. Familial eczema increased the risk, while early fish introduction and bird keeping decreased it. Breast feeding and time of milk and egg introduction did not affect the risk.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus