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Level of radiographic damage and radiographic progression are determinants of physical function: a longitudinal analysis of the TEMPO trial.

van der Heijde D, Landewé R, van Vollenhoven R, Fatenejad S, Klareskog L - Ann. Rheum. Dis. (2008)

Bottom Line: However, it is not known if short-term radiographic progression is also associated with physical function.After adjustment for age, sex and disease activity, both TSS and the change in TSS (progression rate) were significant determinants of the HAQ score.When radiographic progression was divided into four categories (negative, zero, minor and greater progression), results showed that HAQ scores tended to be higher with a higher rate of progression.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Rheumatology, Leiden University Medical Centre, PO Box 9600, 2300 CC Leiden, The Netherlands. d.vanderheijde@kpnplanet.nl

ABSTRACT

Background: Many studies have examined the relationship between long-term radiographic damage and physical function. However, it is not known if short-term radiographic progression is also associated with physical function.

Aim: To investigate the longitudinal relationship between physical function and both the level of radiographic damage and the radiographic progression rate in patients with early or advanced active rheumatoid arthritis.

Methods: The database for the 2-year Trial of Etanercept and Methotrexate with Radiographic Patient Outcomes (TEMPO) was used for this study. Physical function was measured by the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) score at baseline, 6 months and 1 and 2 years. Radiographs of the hands and feet, taken at the same time points, were scored by the van der Heijde-modified Total Sharp Score (TSS). The HAQ score was modelled using generalised mixed linear modelling by TSS or progression in TSS (interval 0-1 year and 1-2 years) adjusted for age, sex, treatment and disease activity.

Results: After adjustment for age, sex and disease activity, both TSS and the change in TSS (progression rate) were significant determinants of the HAQ score. When radiographic progression was divided into four categories (negative, zero, minor and greater progression), results showed that HAQ scores tended to be higher with a higher rate of progression. Patients with negative progression scores had lower HAQ scores than patients with positive progression scores.

Conclusions: Patients with greater radiographic damage, and those with recent radiographic progression, have a higher degree of disability.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Marginal means for the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) scores adjusted for age, sex, disease duration, treatment, Disease Activity Score (DAS), Sharp score and time as a function of increasing Sharp scores (in categories of 10 units; error bars reflect standard error).
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ARD-67-09-1267-f02: Marginal means for the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) scores adjusted for age, sex, disease duration, treatment, Disease Activity Score (DAS), Sharp score and time as a function of increasing Sharp scores (in categories of 10 units; error bars reflect standard error).

Mentions: To visualise the adjusted relationship between the HAQ score and the Sharp score, Sharp scores were divided into six categories of 10 Sharp units each and estimated marginal means were calculated. Figure 2 shows estimated marginal means of the fitted model (mean HAQ scores adjusted for age, sex, DAS, treatment and time) for each category of 10 Sharp units and clearly points to an increasing trend. A separate analysis, in which the Sharp score was replaced by the change in Sharp score, also indicated that the change in Sharp score (interval progression; Sharp units per year) was significantly and independently associated with the HAQ score (p = 0.001; table 2). This implies that patients who show joint damage progression have worse physical function, independent of disease activity and the type of treatment they use, although the effects were small.


Level of radiographic damage and radiographic progression are determinants of physical function: a longitudinal analysis of the TEMPO trial.

van der Heijde D, Landewé R, van Vollenhoven R, Fatenejad S, Klareskog L - Ann. Rheum. Dis. (2008)

Marginal means for the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) scores adjusted for age, sex, disease duration, treatment, Disease Activity Score (DAS), Sharp score and time as a function of increasing Sharp scores (in categories of 10 units; error bars reflect standard error).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2571961&req=5

ARD-67-09-1267-f02: Marginal means for the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) scores adjusted for age, sex, disease duration, treatment, Disease Activity Score (DAS), Sharp score and time as a function of increasing Sharp scores (in categories of 10 units; error bars reflect standard error).
Mentions: To visualise the adjusted relationship between the HAQ score and the Sharp score, Sharp scores were divided into six categories of 10 Sharp units each and estimated marginal means were calculated. Figure 2 shows estimated marginal means of the fitted model (mean HAQ scores adjusted for age, sex, DAS, treatment and time) for each category of 10 Sharp units and clearly points to an increasing trend. A separate analysis, in which the Sharp score was replaced by the change in Sharp score, also indicated that the change in Sharp score (interval progression; Sharp units per year) was significantly and independently associated with the HAQ score (p = 0.001; table 2). This implies that patients who show joint damage progression have worse physical function, independent of disease activity and the type of treatment they use, although the effects were small.

Bottom Line: However, it is not known if short-term radiographic progression is also associated with physical function.After adjustment for age, sex and disease activity, both TSS and the change in TSS (progression rate) were significant determinants of the HAQ score.When radiographic progression was divided into four categories (negative, zero, minor and greater progression), results showed that HAQ scores tended to be higher with a higher rate of progression.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Rheumatology, Leiden University Medical Centre, PO Box 9600, 2300 CC Leiden, The Netherlands. d.vanderheijde@kpnplanet.nl

ABSTRACT

Background: Many studies have examined the relationship between long-term radiographic damage and physical function. However, it is not known if short-term radiographic progression is also associated with physical function.

Aim: To investigate the longitudinal relationship between physical function and both the level of radiographic damage and the radiographic progression rate in patients with early or advanced active rheumatoid arthritis.

Methods: The database for the 2-year Trial of Etanercept and Methotrexate with Radiographic Patient Outcomes (TEMPO) was used for this study. Physical function was measured by the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) score at baseline, 6 months and 1 and 2 years. Radiographs of the hands and feet, taken at the same time points, were scored by the van der Heijde-modified Total Sharp Score (TSS). The HAQ score was modelled using generalised mixed linear modelling by TSS or progression in TSS (interval 0-1 year and 1-2 years) adjusted for age, sex, treatment and disease activity.

Results: After adjustment for age, sex and disease activity, both TSS and the change in TSS (progression rate) were significant determinants of the HAQ score. When radiographic progression was divided into four categories (negative, zero, minor and greater progression), results showed that HAQ scores tended to be higher with a higher rate of progression. Patients with negative progression scores had lower HAQ scores than patients with positive progression scores.

Conclusions: Patients with greater radiographic damage, and those with recent radiographic progression, have a higher degree of disability.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus