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Kala-azar epidemiology and control, southern Sudan.

Kolaczinski JH, Hope A, Ruiz JA, Rumunu J, Richer M, Seaman J - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2008)

Bottom Line: Southern Sudan is one of the areas in eastern Africa most affected by visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar), but lack of security and funds has hampered control.Since 2005, the return of stability has opened up new opportunities to expand existing interventions and introduce new ones.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Malaria Consortium, Kampala, Uganda. j.kolaczinski@malariaconsortium.org

ABSTRACT
Southern Sudan is one of the areas in eastern Africa most affected by visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar), but lack of security and funds has hampered control. Since 2005, the return of stability has opened up new opportunities to expand existing interventions and introduce new ones.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Map of Southern Sudan showing the 2 foci of visceral leishmaniasis. Shaded areas represent those counties where primary cases were reported from January through June 2007. Inset shows location of Sudan in Africa. (Adapted from World Health Organization, Southern Sudan Health Update, July–August 2007.)
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Figure 1: Map of Southern Sudan showing the 2 foci of visceral leishmaniasis. Shaded areas represent those counties where primary cases were reported from January through June 2007. Inset shows location of Sudan in Africa. (Adapted from World Health Organization, Southern Sudan Health Update, July–August 2007.)

Mentions: Kala-azar occurs in 2 foci (Figure 1) and is caused by L. donovani. In the northern focus (Upper Nile, Jonglei, and Unity states), Phlebotomus orientalis is the vector; in the southern focus (parts of Eastern Equatoria state), P. martini is the vector (3,4). Although studies in eastern Sudan have found domestic animals infected with the parasite (5,6), whether these animals play a role as disease reservoirs has not yet been proven; thus, transmission is still thought to be anthroponotic.


Kala-azar epidemiology and control, southern Sudan.

Kolaczinski JH, Hope A, Ruiz JA, Rumunu J, Richer M, Seaman J - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2008)

Map of Southern Sudan showing the 2 foci of visceral leishmaniasis. Shaded areas represent those counties where primary cases were reported from January through June 2007. Inset shows location of Sudan in Africa. (Adapted from World Health Organization, Southern Sudan Health Update, July–August 2007.)
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2570907&req=5

Figure 1: Map of Southern Sudan showing the 2 foci of visceral leishmaniasis. Shaded areas represent those counties where primary cases were reported from January through June 2007. Inset shows location of Sudan in Africa. (Adapted from World Health Organization, Southern Sudan Health Update, July–August 2007.)
Mentions: Kala-azar occurs in 2 foci (Figure 1) and is caused by L. donovani. In the northern focus (Upper Nile, Jonglei, and Unity states), Phlebotomus orientalis is the vector; in the southern focus (parts of Eastern Equatoria state), P. martini is the vector (3,4). Although studies in eastern Sudan have found domestic animals infected with the parasite (5,6), whether these animals play a role as disease reservoirs has not yet been proven; thus, transmission is still thought to be anthroponotic.

Bottom Line: Southern Sudan is one of the areas in eastern Africa most affected by visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar), but lack of security and funds has hampered control.Since 2005, the return of stability has opened up new opportunities to expand existing interventions and introduce new ones.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Malaria Consortium, Kampala, Uganda. j.kolaczinski@malariaconsortium.org

ABSTRACT
Southern Sudan is one of the areas in eastern Africa most affected by visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar), but lack of security and funds has hampered control. Since 2005, the return of stability has opened up new opportunities to expand existing interventions and introduce new ones.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus